About this Bible Study........The King James Version of the Bible is written in a beautiful form of the English language. It can be hard for modern English readers to understand. In this study, you will find notes and summaries in brown just above the the verses from the Bible. We recommend that you read the notes and summaries first, and then read the verses in their KJV form.
The book of Numbers
This book was written in 1444-1405 BC. The name comes from the census when Moses counted the people. It tells about the Israelites' wandering in the wilderness for 39 years. It starts when the Israelites are at Mt. Sinai. It tells about their travels through the wilderness. It ends in the plains of Moab just before the Israelites enter Canaan.
The book of Numbers tells about 2 generations of Israelites. The 1st generation did not obey God. They could not enter Canaan. The 2nd generation obeyed God. They were allowed to go into Canaan.
Please visit this
page to see where the book of
Numbers fits into the whole Bible.
The Israelites were in the place called Shittim. Some of the Israelite men had sexual relations with women from the place named Moab. The women from Moab did not worship God. They believed in Baal-peor--a false god, not the real God. The Moabites offered sacrifices of food to Baal. Some of the Israelite men ate the sacrificed food. They also bowed down and worshipped Baal. God was very angry at the Israelites.
 And Israel abode in Shittim, and the people began to commit whoredom with the daughters of Moab.
 And they called the people unto the sacrifices of their gods: and the people did eat, and bowed down to their gods.
 And Israel joined himself unto Baal-peor: and the anger of the LORD was kindled against Israel.
God talked to Moses. He told Moses that the men should be punished. The heads (leaders) of Israelites should judge the men who sinned. Then God would stop being angry with Israel.
 And the LORD said unto Moses, Take all the heads of the people, and hang them up before the LORD against the sun, that the fierce anger of the LORD may be turned away from Israel.
Moses told the leaders to kill every man who worshipped Baal.
 And Moses said unto the judges of Israel, Slay ye every one his men that were joined unto Baal-peor.
All of the Israelites were meeting at the tabernacle. They were crying about what happened. Then an Israelite man brought a Midianite woman to meet his family. The Israelites were not supposed to have sexual relations with the women from other groups.
 And, behold, one of the children of Israel came and brought unto his brethren a Midianitish woman in the sight of Moses, and in the sight of all the congregation of the children of Israel, who were weeping before the door of the tabernacle of the congregation.
Aaron's grandson (Eleazar's son) saw the man and the woman. He jumped up and got a spear (stick with a sharp end). He ran and followed the Israelite man and the Midianite woman. They went into a tent. Phineas stabbed the man and the woman and killed them. Then God stopped being angry. God stopped the sickness that many Israelites had.
 And when Phinehas, the son of Eleazar, the son of Aaron the priest, saw it, he rose up from among the congregation, and took a javelin in his hand;
 And he went after the man of Israel into the tent, and thrust both of them through, the man of Israel, and the woman through her belly. So the plague was stayed from the children of Israel.
24,000 people died in the plague (sickness) before Phinehas killed the Israelite man and Midianite woman.
 And those that died in the plague were twenty and four thousand.
God talked to Moses. God was happy with Phinehas. After Phinehas killed the Israelite man and Midianite woman, God was not mad at the Israelites anymore. No more Israelites would die now.
 And the LORD spake unto Moses, saying,
 Phinehas, the son of Eleazar, the son of Aaron the priest, hath turned my wrath away from the children of Israel, while he was zealous for my sake among them, that I consumed not the children of Israel in my jealousy.
God made a special covenant promise with Phinehas. From now on, Phinehas and all of his descendants (children, grandchildren, great grandchildren, ...) will be priests. Phinehas was special because he killed people who were sinning against God. Then God forgave the Israelites.
 Wherefore say, Behold, I give unto him my covenant of peace:
 And he shall have it, and his seed after him, even the covenant of an everlasting priesthood; because he was zealous for his God, and made an atonement for the children of Israel.
Phinehas killed a man and a woman.
The Israelite man's name was Zimri. He was from the family of Simeon. The
Midianite woman's name was Cozbi. Her father was named Zur. Zur was a leader in
 Now the name of the Israelite that was slain, even that was slain with the Midianitish woman, was Zimri, the son of Salu, a prince of a chief house among the Simeonites.
 And the name of the Midianitish woman that was slain was Cozbi, the daughter of Zur; he was head over a people, and of a chief house in Midian.
God talked to
Moses. He told Moses to fight a war with the Midianites. Moses
should kill the Midianites. God was mad at the Midianites because they caused
Israelites to sin. The Midianites worshiped Baal-peor (a false god, not a
real god). They caused some of the Israelites to worship Baal-peor,
 And the LORD spake unto Moses, saying,
 Vex the Midianites, and smite them:
 For they vex you with their wiles, wherewith they have beguiled you in the matter of Peor, and in the matter of Cozbi, the daughter of a prince of Midian, their sister, which was slain in the day of the plague for Peor's sake.
Many people died from the plague (sickness). Then God talked to Moses and Eleazar. He told them to count the Israelites again. They should count all of the people who were 20 years old and older. They needed to see how many people were old enough to fight in a war.
 And it came to pass after the plague, that the LORD spake unto Moses and unto Eleazar the son of Aaron the priest, saying,
 Take the sum of all the congregation of the children of Israel, from twenty years old and upward, throughout their father's house, all that are able to go to war in Israel.
The Israelites were now in Moab near the city of Jericho. Jericho was near the Jordan River. Moses and Eleazar talked to the Israelites. They told the Israelites to count the people. They should count everyone who was 20 years old and older.
 And Moses and Eleazar the priest spake with them in the plains of Moab by Jordan near Jericho, saying,
 Take the sum of the people, from twenty years old and upward; as the LORD commanded Moses and the children of Israel, which went forth out of the land of Egypt.
These are the numbers of each family:
The tribe of Reuben: 43,730
Reuben was the oldest son of
Jacob. His sons were Hanoch, Pallu, Hezron, and Carmi.
Hanoch's family was called the Hanochites.
Pallu's family was called the Palluites. Pallu had a son named Eliab.
Eliab had 3 sons: Nemuel, Dathan, and Abiram. Dathan and Abiram were the men who helped
Korah back in Numbers 16. They fought against Moses and Aaron. God punished them. A big crack
opened in the ground, and they fell in. 250 men died that day. If you want to read that story again,
please click here. (Korah was from the tribe of Levi, but his children did not die that day)
Hezron's family was called the Hezronites.
Carmi's family was called the Carmites.
 Reuben, the eldest son of Israel: the children of Reuben; Hanoch, of whom cometh the family of the Hanochites: of Pallu, the family of the Palluites:
 Of Hezron, the family of the Hezronites: of Carmi, the family of the Carmites.
 These are the families of the Reubenites: and they that were numbered of them were forty and three thousand and seven hundred and thirty.
 And the sons of Pallu; Eliab.
 And the sons of Eliab; Nemuel, and Dathan, and Abiram. This is that Dathan and Abiram, which were famous in the congregation, who strove against Moses and against Aaron in the company of Korah, when they strove against the LORD:
 And the earth opened her mouth, and swallowed them up together with Korah, when that company died, what time the fire devoured two hundred and fifty men: and they became a sign.
 Notwithstanding the children of Korah died not.
The tribe of Simeon: 22,200
Simeon had 5 sons: Nemuel, Jamin, Jachin, Zerah, and Shaul.
Nemuel's family was the Nemuelites.
Jamin's family was the Jaminites.
Jachin's family was the Jachinites.
Zerah's family was the Zarhites.
Shaul's family was the Shaulites.
 The sons of Simeon after their families: of Nemuel, the family of the Nemuelites: of Jamin, the family of the Jaminites: of Jachin, the family of the Jachinites:
 Of Zerah, the family of the Zarhites: of Shaul, the family of the Shaulites.
 These are the families of the Simeonites, twenty and two thousand and two hundred.
The tribe of Gad: 40,500
Gad's sons were: Zephon, Haggi, Shuni, Ozni, Eri, Azod, and Areli.
Zephon's family was the Zephonites.
Haggi's family was the Haggites.
Shuni's family was the Shunites.
Ozni's family was the Oznites.
Eri's family was the Erites.
Arod's family was the Arodites.
Areli's family was the Arelites.
 The children of Gad after their families: of Zephon, the family of the Zephonites: of Haggi, the family of the Haggites: of Shuni, the family of the Shunites:
 Of Ozni, the family of the Oznites: of Eri, the family of the Erites:
 Of Arod, the family of the Arodites: of Areli, the family of the Arelites.
 These are the families of the children of Gad according to those that were numbered of them, forty thousand and five hundred.
The tribe of Judah: 76,500
Judah's sons were: Er, Onan,
Shelah, Pharez, Zerah,
Er and Onan died in Canaan.
Shelah's family was the Shelanites.
Pharez' family was the Pharzites.
| Pharez' sons were Hezron and Hamul.
Hezron's family was the Hezronites.
Hamul's family was the Hamulites.
Zerah's family was the Zarhites.
 The sons of Judah were Er and Onan: and Er and Onan died in the land of Canaan.
 And the sons of Judah after their families were; of Shelah, the family of the Shelanites: of Pharez, the family of the Pharzites: of Zerah, the family of the Zarhites.
 And the sons of Pharez were; of Hezron, the family of the Hezronites: of Hamul, the family of the Hamulites.
 These are the families of Judah according to those that were numbered of them, threescore and sixteen thousand and five hundred.
The tribe of Issachar: 64,300
Issachar's sons were: Tola, Pua, Jashub, and Shimron.
Tola's family was the Tolaites.
Pua's family was the Punites.
Shimron's family was the Shimronites
 Of the sons of Issachar after their families: of Tola, the family of the Tolaites: of Pua, the family of the Punites:
 Of Jashub, the family of the Jashubites: of Shimron, the family of the Shimronites.
 These are the families of Issachar according to those that were numbered of them, threescore and four thousand and three hundred.
The tribe of Zebulun: 60,500
Zebulun's sons were Sered, Elon, and Jahleel.
Sered's family was the Sardites.
Elon's family was the Elonites.
Jahleel's family was the Jahleelites.
 Of the sons of Zebulun after their families: of Sered, the family of the Sardites: of Elon, the family of the Elonites: of Jahleel, the family of the Jahleelites.
 These are the families of the Zebulunites according to those that were numbered of them, threescore thousand and five hundred.
There were 2 tribes from Joseph. Joseph had 2 sons: Manasseh and Ephraim.
The tribe of Manasseh: 52,700
Manasseh's son was Machir.
Machir's son was Gilead.
Gilead's sons were Jeezer, Helek, Asriel, Shechem, Shemida, and Hepher.
Jeezer's family was the Jeezerites.
Helek's family was the Helekites.
Asriel's family was the Asrielites.
Shechem's family was the Shechemites.
Shemida's family was the Shemidaites.
Hepher's family was the Hepherites.
Hepher's son was Zelophehad. Zelophehad did not have any sons. He had 5 daughters.
Zelophehad's daughters were: Mahlah, Noah, Hoglah, Milcah, and Tirzah.
 The sons of Joseph after their families were Manasseh and Ephraim.
 Of the sons of Manasseh: of Machir, the family of the Machirites: and Machir begat Gilead: of Gilead come the family of the Gileadites.
 These are the sons of Gilead: of Jeezer, the family of the Jeezerites: of Helek, the family of the Helekites:
 And of Asriel, the family of the Asrielites: and of Shechem, the family of the Shechemites:
 And of Shemida, the family of the Shemidaites: and of Hepher, the family of the Hepherites.
 And Zelophehad the son of Hepher had no sons, but daughters: and the names of the daughters of Zelophehad were Mahlah, and Noah, Hoglah, Milcah, and Tirzah.
 These are the families of Manasseh, and those that were numbered of them, fifty and two thousand and seven hundred.
The tribe of Ephraim: 32,500
Ephraim's sons were Shuthelah, Becher, and Tahan.
Shuthelah's family was the Shuthalhites.
Shuthelah's son was Eran.
Eran's family was the Eranites.
Becher's family was the Bachrites.
Tahan's family was the Tahanites.
 These are the sons of Ephraim after their families: of Shuthelah, the family of the Shuthalhites: of Becher, the family of the Bachrites: of Tahan, the family of the Tahanites.
 And these are the sons of Shuthelah: of Eran, the family of the Eranites.
 These are the families of the sons of Ephraim according to those that were numbered of them, thirty and two thousand and five hundred. These are the sons of Joseph after their families.
The tribe of Benjamin: 45,600
Benjamin's sons were: Bela, Ashbel, Ahiram, Shupham, and Hupham.
Bela's family was the Belaites.
Bela had 2 sons: Ard and Naaman.
Ard's family was the Ardites.
Naaman's family was the Naamites.
Ashbel's family was the Ashbelites.
Ahiram's family was the Ahiramites.
Shupham's family was the Shuphamites.
Hupham's family was the Huphamites.
 The sons of Benjamin after their families: of Bela, the family of the Belaites: of Ashbel, the family of the Ashbelites: of Ahiram, the family of the Ahiramites:
 Of Shupham, the family of the Shuphamites: of Hupham, the family of the Huphamites.
 And the sons of Bela were Ard and Naaman: of Ard, the family of the Ardites: and of Naaman, the family of the Naamites.
 These are the sons of Benjamin after their families: and they that were numbered of them were forty and five thousand and six hundred.
The tribe of Dan: 64,400
Dan's son was Shuham.
Shuham's family was the Shuhamites.
 These are the sons of Dan after their families: of Shuham, the family of the Shuhamites. These are the families of Dan after their families.
 All the families of the Shuhamites, according to those that were numbered of them, were threescore and four thousand and four hundred.
The tribe of Asher: 53,400
Asher's sons were Jimna, Jesui, and Beriah. Asher's daughter was Sarah.
Jimna's family was the Jimnites.
Jesui's family was the Jesuites.
Beriah's family was the Beriites.
Beriah's sons were: Heber and Malchiel
Heber's family was the Heberites.
Malchiel's family was the Malchielites.
 Of the children of Asher after their families: of Jimna, the family of the Jimnites: of Jesui, the family of the Jesuites: of Beriah, the family of the Beriites.
 Of the sons of Beriah: of Heber, the family of the Heberites: of Malchiel, the family of the Malchielites.
 And the name of the daughter of Asher was Sarah.
 These are the families of the sons of Asher according to those that were numbered of them; who were fifty and three thousand and four hundred.
The tribe of Naphtali: 45,400
Naphtali's sons were: Jahzeel, Guni, Jezer, and Shillem.
Jahzeel's family was the Jahzeelites.
Guni's family was the Gunites.
Jezer's family was the Jezerites.
Shillem's family was the Shillemites.
 Of the sons of Naphtali after their families: of Jahzeel, the family of the Jahzeelites: of Guni, the family of the Gunites:
 Of Jezer, the family of the Jezerites: of Shillem, the family of the Shillemites.
 These are the families of Naphtali according to their families: and they that were numbered of them were forty and five thousand and four hundred.
The total number of Israelites 20 years old and older was 601,730.
 These were the numbered of the children of Israel, six hundred thousand and a thousand seven hundred and thirty.
Each family will get land in Canaan.
God talked to Moses. He said that every family will get land in Canaan. Big families will get more land than small families.
 And the LORD spake unto Moses, saying,
 Unto these the land shall be divided for an inheritance according to the number of names.
 To many thou shalt give the more inheritance, and to few thou shalt give the less inheritance: to every one shall his inheritance be given according to those that were numbered of him.
They will divide Canaan. Then each family will pick their part of the land. They will pick the part "by lot". "By lot" means by chance, like a lottery. Moses will not tell the families which parts they get. But God will help them pick the parts He wants them to have. Each family will get as much land as they need.
 Notwithstanding the land shall be divided by lot: according to the names of the tribes of their fathers they shall inherit.
 According to the lot shall the possession thereof be divided between many and few.
The tribe of Levi
Jacob's son Levi had 3 sons: Gershon, Kohath, and Merari.
Gershon's family was the Gershonites.
Kohath's family was the Kohathites.
Merari's family was the Merarites.
The families of Levi's grandsons were: the Libnites, the Hebronites, the Mahlites, the Mushites, and the Korathites.
 And these are they that were numbered of the Levites after their families: of Gershon, the family of the Gershonites: of Kohath, the family of the Kohathites: of Merari, the family of the Merarites.
 These are the families of the Levites: the family of the Libnites, the family of the Hebronites, the family of the Mahlites, the family of the Mushites, the family of the Korathites. And Kohath begat Amram.
Levi's son, Kohath, had a son named Amram. Amram married Jochebed. Jocebed was Levi's daughter. Jochebed was born in Egypt.
Amram and Jochebed had 3 children: Aaron, Moses, and Miriam.
Aaron's sons were: Nadab, Abihu, Eleazar, and Ithamar. Nadab and Abihu died after they
offered bad fire to God. Click here to read more about when Nadab and Abihu died.
 And the name of Amram's wife was Jochebed, the daughter of Levi, whom her mother bare to Levi in Egypt: and she bare unto Amram Aaron and Moses, and Miriam their sister.
 And unto Aaron was born Nadab, and Abihu, Eleazar, and Ithamar.
 And Nadab and Abihu died, when they offered strange fire before the LORD.
The tribe of Levi had 23,000 males who were 1 month old or older. The Levites were counted separately. The family of Levi will not get land in Canaan.
 And those that were numbered of them were twenty and three thousand, all males from a month old and upward: for they were not numbered among the children of Israel, because there was no inheritance given them among the children of Israel.
This was the second time that Moses counted the Israelites. The first time was Mt. Sinai. Aaron helped Moses count the Israelites the first time. Now the Israelites were camped near the Jordan River near the city of Jericho. Eleazar helped Moses count the Israelites this time.
 These are they that were numbered by Moses and Eleazar the priest, who numbered the children of Israel in the plains of Moab by Jordan near Jericho.
Most of the people in this census (count) were different. Most of the people in the first count were all dead. Only Caleb and Joshua were still alive. After the Israelites sinned (they did not go into Canaan when God them to go. Please click here to read about that in Numbers 13 -15), God said that only Caleb and Joshua could go into Canaan. All of the other Israelites would die.
 But among these there was not a man of them whom Moses and Aaron the priest numbered, when they numbered the children of Israel in the wilderness of Sinai.
 For the LORD had said of them, They shall surely die in the wilderness. And there was not left a man of them, save Caleb the son of Jephunneh, and Joshua the son of Nun.
The Bible and Its
Story Taught by One Thousand Picture Lessons, vol. 1. edited by Charles
F. Horne and Julius A. Bewer. 1908.
The daughters of Zelophehad ask for some land in Canaan
Zelophehad was a descendant of
Joseph. He was from the tribe of Joseph’s son, Manasseh. Zelophehad had five
daughters and no sons. The daughters' names were Mahlah, Noah, Hoglah, Milcah, and Tirzah.
They came to talk to Moses and Eleazar the priest.
 Then came the daughters of Zelophehad, the son of Hepher, the son of Gilead, the son of Machir, the son of Manasseh, of the families of Manasseh the son of Joseph: and these are the names of his daughters; Mahlah, Noah, and Hoglah, and Milcah, and Tirzah.
 And they stood before Moses, and before Eleazar the priest, and before the princes and all the congregation, by the door of the tabernacle of the congregation, saying,
The daughters told Moses about their father. Zelophehad died in the desert. But he died before the other Israelites sinned. Zelophehad did not sin. He was not one of the people who refused to go into Canaan.
 Our father died in the wilderness, and he was not in the company of them that gathered themselves together against the LORD in the company of Korah; but died in his own sin, and had no sons.
Zelophehad did not have any sons. Sons carried the father's name. Sons got the family's land. The daughters said that in a few years, no one would remember Zelophehad's name. In Canaan, the other men in Zelophehad's father's family (Zelophehad's nephews) will get land. The daughters asked for part of the land, too.
 Why should the name of our father be done away from among his family, because he hath no son? Give unto us therefore a possession among the brethren of our father.
Moses talked with God about this request. God said yes. The daughters can have some of their father's family's land.
 And Moses brought their cause before the LORD.
 And the LORD spake unto Moses, saying,
 The daughters of Zelophehad speak right: thou shalt surely give them a possession of an inheritance among their father's brethren; and thou shalt cause the inheritance of their father to pass unto them.
God gives Moses laws about inheriting land
After the Israelites go into
Canaan, each family will get land. When the head of the family (usually the
father) dies, someone else in the family will get the land (inherit the land).
The land should always stay in the family. Usually, if a father died, his sons
would inherit his land. But if a man had no sons, there were special rules.
God told Moses that if a man died and the man had no sons, his land would be given to his daughter. If the man had no sons or daughters, his land would go to his brothers. If the man had no brothers, then his land would go to his father’s family. If his father did not have any family, then his land would go to his closest relative.
 And thou shalt speak unto the children of Israel, saying, If a man die, and have no son, then ye shall cause his inheritance to pass unto his daughter.
 And if he have no daughter, then ye shall give his inheritance unto his brethren.
 And if he have no brethren, then ye shall give his inheritance unto his father's brethren.
 And if his father have no brethren, then ye shall give his inheritance unto his kinsman that is next to him of his family, and he shall possess it: and it shall be unto the children of Israel a statute of judgment, as the LORD commanded Moses.
Joshua will be the next leader of Israel
God told Moses to go up into the Abarim mountains. The mountains were high. Moses could stand on a mountain and see far. He could see the Canaan, the Promised Land. God told Moses he would die after he saw the Promised Land. Moses was not allowed to go into the Promised Land because he sinned at Meribah. At Meribah, Moses did not obey God. God told him to speak to the rock to get water. But Moses hit the rock. Click here to read more about Moses at Meribah.
 And the LORD said unto Moses, Get thee up into this mount Abarim, and see the land which I have given unto the children of Israel.
 And when thou hast seen it, thou also shalt be gathered unto thy people, as Aaron thy brother was gathered.
 For ye rebelled against my commandment in the desert of Zin, in the strife of the congregation, to sanctify me at the water before their eyes: that is the water of Meribah in Kadesh in the wilderness of Zin.
Moses talked to God about
Israel's new leader. Moses wanted God to pick a new leader. Moses wanted
the Israelites to have a good leader. A good leader would lead the people in
wars. If the Israelites did not have a good leader, they would be the same as
sheep with no shepherd.
 And Moses spake unto the LORD, saying,
 Let the LORD, the God of the spirits of all flesh, set a man over the congregation,
 Which may go out before them, and which may go in before them, and which may lead them out, and which may bring them in; that the congregation of the LORD be not as sheep which have no shepherd.
God said that Joshua will be the new leader.
God said that the Holy Spirit will be in Joshua. God told Moses to have a
special ceremony for Joshua. Eleazar the priest and all of the Israelites
will come to the ceremony. Moses will put his hands on Joshua. Everyone will see that Moses
is making Joshua the new leader.
 And the LORD said unto Moses, Take thee Joshua the son of Nun, a man in whom is the spirit, and lay thine hand upon him;
 And set him before Eleazar the priest, and before all the congregation; and give him a charge in their sight.
 And thou shalt put some of thine honour upon him, that all the congregation of the children of Israel may be obedient.
Moses talked to God directly. But Joshua will not be able to do that. Joshua must ask the priest, Eleazar, what God wants the Israelites to do. Eleazar the priest has the Urim and Thummin. No one now really knows what the Urim and Thummin looked like. When Eleazar asks God questions, the Urim and Thummin help him to receive God's answers. They tell Eleazar what God says.
 And he shall stand before Eleazar the priest, who shall ask counsel for him after the judgment of Urim before the LORD: at his word shall they go out, and at his word they shall come in, both he, and all the children of Israel with him, even all the congregation.
The Bible and Its Story Taught by
One Thousand Picture Lessons, vol. 1. edited by Charles F. Horne and
Julius A. Bewer. 1908.
Moses obeyed God. Moses had a ceremony. Eleazar the
priest and all of the Israelites came to the ceremony. Moses put his hands on
Joshua. Joshua was the new leader of Israel.
 And Moses did as the LORD commanded him: and he took Joshua, and set him before Eleazar the priest, and before all the congregation:
 And he laid his hands upon him, and gave him a charge, as the LORD commanded by the hand of Moses.