Workers For Jesus Online Bible Study Table of Contents

About this Bible Study........The King James Version of the Bible is written in a beautiful form of the English language. It can be hard for modern English readers to understand.  In this study, you will find notes and summaries in brown just above the the verses from the Bible. We recommend that you read the notes and summaries first, and then read the verses in their KJV form. 


The book of Leviticus

This book was written by Moses. It covers the time from when the tabernacle was finished until the time that the Israelites left Sinai (about 50 days). The purpose of this book was to give the laws and guidelines to live a moral and pure life. God would live there with the Israelites if they were clean and pure. They made sacrifices to give valuable things to God. Before they learned these laws, the Israelites only knew about worship from the Egyptians. The Egyptians worshipped idols;  they did not worship the one true God. 

Please visit
this page to see where the book of Leviticus fits into the overview of the Bible. 


Leviticus 17-19
Rules about sacrifices
Rules against eating blood
Sexual relation rules
Review of the Ten Commandment and some new moral rules

Leviticus 17

Sacrifices must be made at the door of the tabernacle


God talked to Moses. He told Moses to tell Aaron and his sons this rule.  If anyone kills a cow, lamb, or goat for a sacrifice, he must kill it there at the tabernacle. He cannot kill it someplace else and then bring it to the tabernacle later. If he does that, he will be breaking the law. He will not be part of God's people anymore.
[1] And the LORD spake unto Moses, saying,
[2] Speak unto Aaron, and unto his sons, and unto all the children of Israel, and say unto them; This is the thing which the LORD hath commanded, saying,
[3] What man soever there be of the house of Israel, that killeth an ox, or lamb, or goat, in the camp, or that killeth it out of the camp,
[4] And bringeth it not unto the door of the tabernacle of the congregation, to offer an offering unto the LORD before the tabernacle of the LORD; blood shall be imputed unto that man; he hath shed blood; and that man shall be cut off from among his people:


The Israelites must not make their offerings out in the open field. They must bring them to the tabernacle. The priest will offer the sacrifices as peace offerings to God. The priest will sprinkle the blood on the outside altar for burnt offerings. This is the altar by the tabernacle door. The fat will burn on the altar. It will make a smell that God likes. 

[5] To the end that the children of Israel may bring their sacrifices, which they offer in the open field, even that they may bring them unto the LORD, unto the door of the tabernacle of the congregation, unto the priest, and offer them for peace offerings unto the LORD.
[6] And the priest shall sprinkle the blood upon the altar of the LORD at the door of the tabernacle of the congregation, and burn the fat for a sweet savour unto the LORD.


From now on, the people should never make a sacrifice to a devil. 

[7] And they shall no more offer their sacrifices unto devils, after whom they have gone a whoring. This shall be a statute for ever unto them throughout their generations.


No one should make a burnt offering in the field. They should make the sacrifice at the door of the tabernacle. If any Israelite or any of the other people who live with them offers a sacrifice out in the field instead of at the tabernacle, that person must leave. He will not be one of God's people anymore.

[8] And thou shalt say unto them, Whatsoever man there be of the house of Israel, or of the strangers which sojourn among you, that offereth a burnt offering of sacrifice,
[9] And bringeth it not unto the door of the tabernacle of the congregation, to offer it unto the LORD; even that man shall be cut off from among his people.



Do not eat blood 


No one should eat blood. If any Israelite or any of the other people who live with them eats blood, that person must leave. He will not be one of God's people anymore.

[10] And whatsoever man there be of the house of Israel, or of the strangers that sojourn among you, that eateth any manner of blood; I will even set my face against that soul that eateth blood, and will cut him off from among his people.


Blood is very special.  Blood takes the life to all parts of the body. The blood is life. When the Israelites put blood on the altar, God forgives their sins.
[11] For the life of the flesh is in the blood: and I have given it to you upon the altar to make an atonement for your souls: for it is the blood that maketh an atonement for the soul.


Because blood is life, no Israelites should eat blood. No other people who live with the Israelites should eat blood either. 
[12] Therefore I said unto the children of Israel, No soul of you shall eat blood, neither shall any stranger that sojourneth among you eat blood.


This rule is about hunting and catching an animal that will be eaten.  Before they eat the animal, they must pour all of the blood out on the ground  Then they must cover the blood with dirt. All Israelites or people living with the Israelites must follow this rule. Blood is life. Anyone who eats blood must leave. He will not be one of God's people anymore.  
[13] And whatsoever man there be of the children of Israel, or of the strangers that sojourn among you, which hunteth and catcheth any beast or fowl that may be eaten; he shall even pour out the blood thereof, and cover it with dust.
[14] For it is the life of all flesh; the blood of it is for the life thereof: therefore I said unto the children of Israel, Ye shall eat the blood of no manner of flesh: for the life of all flesh is the blood thereof: whosoever eateth it shall be cut off.


This rule is about finding an animal that died by itself or died because another animal killed it.  If any Israelite or person who lives with the Israelites eats it, he must wash his clothes and take a bath. He will be unclean until that evening.   If he does not wash his clothes and take a bath, he will be guilty.

[15] And every soul that eateth that which died of itself, or that which was torn with beasts, whether it be one of your own country, or a stranger, he shall both wash his clothes, and bathe himself in water, and be unclean until the even: then shall he be clean.
[16] But if he wash them not, nor bathe his flesh; then he shall bear his iniquity.



Leviticus 18

Rules about sexual relations with people in a family

God told Moses to give the Israelites this rule. They should not behave the same as the Egyptians or the Canaanites (the people who are now living in Canaan). They should follow God's laws and rules because He is their Lord. If they follow God's rules, they will live.
[1] And the LORD spake unto Moses, saying,
[2] Speak unto the children of Israel, and say unto them, I am the LORD your God.
[3] After the doings of the land of Egypt, wherein ye dwelt, shall ye not do: and after the doings of the land of Canaan, whither I bring you, shall ye not do: neither shall ye walk in their ordinances.
[4] Ye shall do my judgments, and keep mine ordinances, to walk therein: I am the LORD your God.
[5] Ye shall therefore keep my statutes, and my judgments: which if a man do, he shall live in them: I am the LORD.


No one should have sexual relations with his mother, father, or any other family member.  No one should have sexual relations with his sister, stepmother, or stepsister. No one should have sexual relations with any of his grandchildren. 

[6] None of you shall approach to any that is near of kin to him, to uncover their nakedness: I am the LORD.
[7] The nakedness of thy father, or the nakedness of thy mother, shalt thou not uncover: she is thy mother; thou shalt not uncover her nakedness.
[8] The nakedness of thy father's wife shalt thou not uncover: it is thy father's nakedness.
[9] The nakedness of thy sister, the daughter of thy father, or daughter of thy mother, whether she be born at home, or born abroad, even their nakedness thou shalt not uncover.
[10] The nakedness of thy son's daughter, or of thy daughter's daughter, even their nakedness thou shalt not uncover: for theirs is thine own nakedness.



No one should have sexual relations with his half-sister, aunt, uncle, uncle's wife, daughter-in-law, or sister-in-law.
[11] The nakedness of thy father's wife's daughter, begotten of thy father, she is thy sister, thou shalt not uncover her nakedness.
[12] Thou shalt not uncover the nakedness of thy father's sister: she is thy father's near kinswoman.
[13] Thou shalt not uncover the nakedness of thy mother's sister: for she is thy mother's near kinswoman.
[14] Thou shalt not uncover the nakedness of thy father's brother, thou shalt not approach to his wife: she is thine aunt.
[15] Thou shalt not uncover the nakedness of thy daughter in law: she is thy son's wife; thou shalt not uncover her nakedness.
[16] Thou shalt not uncover the nakedness of thy brother's wife: it is thy brother's nakedness.



No one should have sexual relations with the daughter or granddaughter of a woman he had sexual relations with in the past. The daughter or granddaughter of the woman might be his daughter or granddaughter.
[17] Thou shalt not uncover the nakedness of a woman and her daughter, neither shalt thou take her son's daughter, or her daughter's daughter, to uncover her nakedness; for they are her near kinswomen: it is wickedness.


A man should not marry his wife's sister to make her his second wife. That would cause his first wife trouble.
[18] Neither shalt thou take a wife to her sister, to vex her, to uncover her nakedness, beside the other in her life time.

A man should not have sexual relations with a woman who is having her monthly period.
[19] Also thou shalt not approach unto a woman to uncover her nakedness, as long as she is put apart for her uncleanness.


A man should not have sexual relations with his neighbor's wife. That would make him unclean.

[20] Moreover thou shalt not lie carnally with thy neighbour's wife, to defile thyself with her.



Rule against offering children

Some of the people in that area at that time worshiped an idol or false god named Molech. Some of these people burned their own children as a sacrifice to Molech. God said that none of the Israelites should sacrifice their children to Molech. If they did, it would be a disgrace or shame to God's name.  
[21] And thou shalt not let any of thy seed pass through the fire to Molech, neither shalt thou profane the name of thy God: I am the LORD.



Rules about sexual behavior

A man should not have sexual relations with another man. 
[22] Thou shalt not lie with mankind, as with womankind: it is abomination.


No one should have sexual relations with an animal. 
[23] Neither shalt thou lie with any beast to defile thyself therewith: neither shall any woman stand before a beast to lie down thereto: it is confusion.



The Israelites should not behave like the Canaanites



They should not make themselves unclean by doing any of those things. The people in the lands that the Israelites will move into did these things. They made the land dirty, and God did not like it. The land "vomited the people out"--that means that God will make all of the people leave and let the Israelites have their land.

[24] Defile not ye yourselves in any of these things: for in all these the nations are defiled which I cast out before you:
[25] And the land is defiled: therefore I do visit the iniquity thereof upon it, and the land itself vomiteth out her inhabitants.


The Israelites and the people from other countries who live with them should obey these laws. They should not do anything that God says is wrong. 
[26] Ye shall therefore keep my statutes and my judgments, and shall not commit any of these abominations; neither any of your own nation, nor any stranger that sojourneth among you:


The land is dirty. The people who lived in the land before made the land dirty because they did wrong things. 
[27] (For all these abominations have the men of the land done, which were before you, and the land is defiled;)


If any of the Israelites behave badly and commit sins, they will not be able to live in the land either.  They will not be God's people anymore.  God is Lord. He does not want his people to do bad things.
[28] That the land spue not you out also, when ye defile it, as it spued out the nations that were before you.
[29] For whosoever shall commit any of these abominations, even the souls that commit them shall be cut off from among their people.
[30] Therefore shall ye keep mine ordinance, that ye commit not any one of these abominable customs, which were committed before you, and that ye defile not yourselves therein: I am the LORD your God.


Leviticus 19

Review of some of the Ten Commandments

God talked to Moses. He told Moses to talk to the Israelites. He should tell them that God is Lord, and God is holy. The Israelites should be holy, too.
[1] And the LORD spake unto Moses, saying,
[2] Speak unto all the congregation of the children of Israel, and say unto them, Ye shall be holy: for I the LORD your God am holy.


The Israelites should obey God's rules.  They should respect their mothers and fathers.  They should not work on the Sabbath (the 7th day of the week). They should not make and worship  idols (statues, false gods).

[3] Ye shall fear every man his mother, and his father, and keep my sabbaths: I am the LORD your God.
[4] Turn ye not unto idols, nor make to yourselves molten gods: I am the LORD your God.


Rules about sacrifices


The Israelites will make sacrifices to God for peace offerings.  They should make these offerings of their own free will.  That means no one should force them. They should make the offerings willingly. They should make the sacrifices in the right way so that God will accept them. 
[5] And if ye offer a sacrifice of peace offerings unto the LORD, ye shall offer it at your own will.

The peace offerings should be eaten on the same day or  on the 2nd day.  If there is any of the meat left on the 3rd day, they should burn the meat in the fire. If they eat it on the 3rd day, God will not accept it because it is not right. Everyone who eats the meat on the 3rd day will be punished. He did not obey God's rule. He will not be one of God's people anymore.
[6] It shall be eaten the same day ye offer it, and on the morrow: and if ought remain until the third day, it shall be burnt in the fire.
[7] And if it be eaten at all on the third day, it is abominable; it shall not be accepted.
[8] Therefore every one that eateth it shall bear his iniquity, because he hath profaned the hallowed thing of the LORD: and that soul shall be cut off from among his people.


Rule about picking food that is ready to eat
 

Wheat photo from Kansas State University, USDA-ARS-Wind Erosion Research Unit


God is the Lord, and He had a rule about harvesting (picking the food that is ready to eat).  They should not pick all of the wheat or all of the grapes.   They should leave a little wheat in the field and some grapes on the grapevines.  The poor people and people from other countries can pick that later.  

Photo from World Community Cookbook


[9] And when ye reap the harvest of your land, thou shalt not wholly reap the corners of thy field, neither shalt thou gather the gleanings of thy harvest.
[10] And thou shalt not glean thy vineyard, neither shalt thou gather every grape of thy vineyard; thou shalt leave them for the poor and stranger: I am the LORD your God.


Review of some of the Ten Commandments


The Israelites should not steal, cheat, or lie.

[11] Ye shall not steal, neither deal falsely, neither lie one to another.


They should not say God's name in a bad way.  They should not make a promise and use God's name if they do not plan to keep their promise.
[12] And ye shall not swear by my name falsely, neither shalt thou profane the name of thy God: I am the LORD.


They should not cheat their neighbor or steal from him.  They should pay their workers at the end of the day.
[13] Thou shalt not defraud thy neighbour, neither rob him: the wages of him that is hired shall not abide with thee all night until the morning.


Law against being bad to deaf and blind people

They should not tease deaf people. They should not put things in front of blind people to make them fall. God is the Lord, and they should obey Him.
[14] Thou shalt not curse the deaf, nor put a stumblingblock before the blind, but shalt fear thy God: I am the LORD.


Laws against prejudice, gossip, hatred, and revenge

They should judge all people the same whether they are rich or poor.
[15] Ye shall do no unrighteousness in judgment: thou shalt not respect the person of the poor, nor honour the person of the mighty: but in righteousness shalt thou judge thy neighbour.


They should not gossip.  But if someone is on trial and might be sentenced to death, they should tell the truth to help them. 
[16] Thou shalt not go up and down as a talebearer among thy people: neither shalt thou stand against the blood of thy neighbour: I am the LORD.



They should not hate someone and keep it inside and quiet.  They should discuss it with that person. 
[17] Thou shalt not hate thy brother in thine heart: thou shalt in any wise rebuke thy neighbour, and not suffer sin upon him.


They should not hold grudges or try to get revenge on other people.  They should love other people as much as they love themselves.
[18] Thou shalt not avenge, nor bear any grudge against the children of thy people, but thou shalt love thy neighbour as thyself: I am the LORD.


Laws against mixing different animals, seeds, or clothing

They should obey God's laws. They should not let their animals breed with other kinds of animals.   They should not put different seeds in the same field.  They should not wear clothes that have both linen and wool in them.
[19] Ye shall keep my statutes. Thou shalt not let thy cattle gender with a diverse kind: thou shalt not sow thy field with mingled seed: neither shall a garment mingled of linen and woollen come upon thee.


Law about sexual relations with a slave


This rule is about a man who has sexual relations with a woman who is a slave. If the woman is engaged to another man, the woman and the man should be punished.  But they should not be killed if she was still a slave when they sinned.  The man should take a ram to the tabernacle.  He will give the ram to the priest to make a trespass offering. Then his sin will be forgiven. 

[20] And whosoever lieth carnally with a woman, that is a bondmaid, betrothed to an husband, and not at all redeemed, nor freedom given her; she shall be scourged; they shall not be put to death, because she was not free.
[21] And he shall bring his trespass offering unto the LORD, unto the door of the tabernacle of the congregation, even a ram for a trespass offering.
[22] And the priest shall make an atonement for him with the ram of the trespass offering before the LORD for his sin which he hath done: and the sin which he hath done shall be forgiven him.



Law about fruit trees in Canaan
 

Photo from the University of Vermont Apple Program web site

 After the Israelites are living in Canaan, they will have fruit trees.   They should not eat any of the fruit from the trees for the first 3 years.  In the 4th year, they should give all of the fruit to the Lord God to thank Him for His blessings.  In the 5th year, they may eat the fruit.  If they obey this rule, their fruit trees will grow a lot of fruit. 
[23] And when ye shall come into the land, and shall have planted all manner of trees for food, then ye shall count the fruit thereof as uncircumcised: three years shall it be as uncircumcised unto you: it shall not be eaten of.
[24] But in the fourth year all the fruit thereof shall be holy to praise the LORD withal.
[25] And in the fifth year shall ye eat of the fruit thereof, that it may yield unto you the increase thereof: I am the LORD your God.


Law against eating blood and law against magic

They should not eat anything that has blood in it. They should not use magic or fortune-telling.

[26] Ye shall not eat any thing with the blood: neither shall ye use enchantment, nor observe times.


Laws against worshiping idols

Back in Egypt, the Egyptian people did things after someone died. They shaved their heads and beards, cut themselves, and put tatoos on their skin. They did these things to worship their idols (things that are not really God). God told the Israelites not to do these things. The Israelites should not worship idols. 
[27] Ye shall not round the corners of your heads, neither shalt thou mar the corners of thy beard.
[28] Ye shall not make any cuttings in your flesh for the dead, nor print any marks upon you: I am the LORD.


They should not let their daughters become prostitutes.  This will make all of the land wicked and bad. 
[29] Do not prostitute thy daughter, to cause her to be a whore; lest the land fall to whoredom, and the land become full of wickedness.


Respect for the sabbath

They should respect the sabbath day (the 7th day of the week).  They should honor the place where they worship God.
[30] Ye shall keep my sabbaths, and reverence my sanctuary: I am the LORD.


Laws against magic

Mediums are people who say they can talk to dead people. The Israelites should not talk to mediums.  Talking to mediums or people who say they have magic power makes them unclean. God is the Lord. 
[31] Regard not them that have familiar spirits, neither seek after wizards, to be defiled by them: I am the LORD your God.


Respect for old people

The Israelites should respect old people, and they should respect God the Lord. 
[32] Thou shalt rise up before the hoary head, and honour the face of the old man, and fear thy God: I am the LORD.


Strangers

In the past, the Israelites were strangers in Egypt. They know how it feels to be strangers in a different country. So, they should treat strangers in their country well. They should treat them the same as the other Israelites. They should love them the same as they love themselves.
[33] And if a stranger sojourn with thee in your land, ye shall not vex him.
[34] But the stranger that dwelleth with you shall be unto you as one born among you, and thou shalt love him as thyself; for ye were strangers in the land of Egypt: I am the LORD your God.


Being honest in measuring

They should always be honest when they measure things. The Lord God brought them out of Egypt, and the Israelites should obey His laws. 
[35] Ye shall do no unrighteousness in judgment, in meteyard, in weight, or in measure.
[36] Just balances, just weights, a just ephah, and a just hin, shall ye have: I am the LORD your God, which brought you out of the land of Egypt.
[37] Therefore shall ye observe all my statutes, and all my judgments, and do them: I am the LORD.

 Workers For Jesus Online Bible Study Table of Contents