Workers For Jesus Online Bible Study Table of Contents

About this Bible Study........The King James Version of the Bible is written in a beautiful form of the English language. It can be hard for modern English readers to understand.  In this study, you will find notes and summaries in brown just above the the verses from the Bible. We recommend that you read the notes and summaries first, and then read the verses in their KJV form. 

Timeline of the Bible

God creates the world. --- God destroys the world with the flood, but saves  Noah and his family.--- God chooses Abraham and his descendants to His people.
---Abraham's grandson, Jacob, has 12 sons who lead the 12 tribes of Israel.--- The Israelites become slaves in Egypt.--- God helps the Israelites escape and leads them to Canaan.
---The Israelites fight in wars and take control of Canaan.---Judges lead the Israelites, but the Israelites want to have kings instead of judges. --- David is Israel's greatest king.--- Israel divides into 2 parts: Israel and Judah.--- The people of Israel and Judah continue to sin and worship false gods.--- God allows the Assyrians and the Babylonians to take the Israelites out of Israel and Judah.--- The Israelites (Jews) live in Babylonia and then Persia.
--- This book of the Bible happens during this time ---When Persia defeats the Babylonians, the Jews go back to Judah.--- The Jews build God's Temple in Jerusalem again.--- Greece defeats Persia, and the Greeks control Judah (also now called Israel).--- The Jews become independent for 100 years.-- The Romans take control of Israel.--- Jesus is born. At age 30, Jesus begins his ministry. ---Jesus is crucified and then is resurrected. --- A Roman named Saul is converted to Christianity and becomes Paul.--- Christianity spreads. --- Paul write letters to Christians in other places. In the year, 70 A.D., God's Temple in Jerusalem is destroyed again.


The Book of  Esther

This book tells the story of a Jewish girl named Hadassah and the King of Persia. When the king looks for a new queen, Hadassah becomes Esther, the Queen of Persia.  After Esther becomes the queen, one of the king's helpers, Haman, has a plan to kill all of the Jews in Persia.  Esther is very brave and finds a way to save the her people, the Jews. 


Esther 4 - 7
Esther risks her life and goes to talk to the king.
The king rewards Mordecai for saving his life.
Esther tells the king about Haman's plan to kill the Jews.
The king orders Haman to be hanged.


Map from

The Persian Empire covered many areas. It included the modern-day countries of Israel, Jordan, Syria, Iraq, Iran, Afghanistan, Pakistan, and Turkey.

The Persian kings named in the Bible were Cyrus, Ahasruerus, Artaxerxes, and Darius.

Esther 4

Mordecai asks Esther to help the Jews.

When Mordecai heard about the order to kill the Jews, he was very upset. He tore his clothes to show that he was very sad. He put on rough clothing and put ashes on himself. He went out into the middle of the city and cried very loudly.
[1] When Mordecai perceived all that was done, Mordecai rent his clothes, and put on sackcloth with ashes, and went out into the midst of the city, and cried with a loud and a bitter cry;

He came in front of the gate to the king's palace. He could not go into the palace because he was wearing the rough clothing.
[2] And came even before the king's gate: for none might enter into the king's gate clothed with sackcloth.

The king's order to kill all Jews went out to all areas in Persia. The Jews mourned (were very sad). They fasted (did not eat) and cried loudly. Many put on the rough clothing and ashes.
[3] And in every province, whithersoever the king's commandment and his decree came, there was great mourning among the Jews, and fasting, and weeping, and wailing; and many lay in sackcloth and ashes.

Esther's maids and helpers came and told her  about Mordecai. Esther was very upset, too. She sent some clothes to Mordecai so he could take off his rough clothes. But Mordecai would not accept the new clothes.
[4] So Esther's maids and her chamberlains came and told it her. Then was the queen exceedingly grieved; and she sent raiment to clothe Mordecai, and to take away his sackcloth from him: but he received it not.

Esther called for the man named Hatach. He was one of the king's helpers who also helped her. She told him to go and find out what Mordecai was doing and why.
[5] Then called Esther for Hatach, one of the king's chamberlains, whom he had appointed to attend upon her, and gave him a commandment to Mordecai, to know what it was, and why it was.

Hatach went out to the street to see Mordecai. He was still by the gate to the king's palace.
[6] So Hatach went forth to Mordecai unto the street of the city, which was before the king's gate.

Mordecai told him about Haman's plan to kill all of the Jews. He told him how Haman promised to pay a lot of money to the king if he would kill all of the Jews.  He gave Hamach a copy of the written order to kill the Jews.  He told him to give it to Esther so that she can talk to the king about it.
[7] And Mordecai told him of all that had happened unto him, and of the sum of the money that Haman had promised to pay to the king's treasuries for the Jews, to destroy them.
[8] Also he gave him the copy of the writing of the decree that was given at Shushan to destroy them, to shew it unto Esther, and to declare it unto her, and to charge her that she should go in unto the king, to make supplication unto him, and to make request before him for her people.

Hatach went back to Esther and told her what Mordecai said.
[9] And Hatach came and told Esther the words of Mordecai.

Esther sent another message back to Mordecai. She said she can't talk to the king unless he calls her to come to him. There is a law in Persia. The law says that no one can go in and talk to the king unless he asks them. When he wants to talk to someone, the king holds out a golden sceptre (like a large gold pole or stick). Esther said the king has not called for her in 30 days.
[10] Again Esther spake unto Hatach, and gave him commandment unto Mordecai;
[11] All the king's servants, and the people of the king's provinces, do know, that whosoever, whether man or woman, shall come unto the king into the inner court, who is not called, there is one law of his to put him to death, except such to whom the king shall hold out the golden sceptre, that he may live: but I have not been called to come in unto the king these thirty days.

Hatach told Mordecai what Esther said. Mordecai sent another message to Esther. He told Esther that if all of the Jews are killed, she will be killed, too. If she talks to the king, she can save the Jews. But if she stays quiet, she will not save the Jews.  If someone else saves the Jews, they won't save her and her family. He said that maybe this is the reason she became queen. Maybe she was picked to be the queen so that she could save the Jews at this time.
[12] And they told to Mordecai Esther's words.
[13] Then Mordecai commanded to answer Esther, Think not with thyself that thou shalt escape in the king's house, more than all the Jews.
[14] For if thou altogether holdest thy peace at this time, then shall there enlargement and deliverance arise to the Jews from another place; but thou and thy father's house shall be destroyed: and who knoweth whether thou art come to the kingdom for such a time as this?

Esther told them to give Mordecai this message. He told Mordecai to get the Jews in Shushan together. They should fast for her. They should not eat or drink for 3 days and nights. She and her helpers will also fast. Then she will go and see the king even if he does not ask to see her. She is taking a risk to break the law. She may die.
[15] Then Esther bade them return Mordecai this answer,
[16] Go, gather together all the Jews that are present in Shushan, and fast ye for me, and neither eat nor drink three days, night or day: I also and my maidens will fast likewise; and so will I go in unto the king, which is not according to the law: and if I perish, I perish.

Mordecai left the palace gate. He did what Esther told him to do.
[17] So Mordecai went his way, and did according to all that Esther had commanded him.

Esther 5

Esther goes to talk to the king.

Esther approaches the king
Graphic from

On the 3rd day, Esther put on her royal clothes. She stood in the royal court, and the king sat on his throne. He saw Esther standing there. He held his sceptre out. That meant she was allowed to walk up and talk to him. She walked up and touched the top of the sceptre.
[1] Now it came to pass on the third day, that Esther put on her royal apparel, and stood in the inner court of the king's house, over against the king's house: and the king sat upon his royal throne in the royal house, over against the gate of the house.
[2] And it was so, when the king saw Esther the queen standing in the court, that she obtained favour in his sight: and the king held out to Esther the golden sceptre that was in his hand. So Esther drew near, and touched the top of the sceptre.

The king asked Esther what she wanted.  He said she could have anything she wanted even if it was half of his kingdom.
[3] Then said the king unto her, What wilt thou, queen Esther? and what is thy request? it shall be even given thee to the half of the kingdom.
Graphic from

Esther said she wanted the king and Haman to eat food with her that day.
[4] And Esther answered, If it seem good unto the king, let the king and Haman come this day unto the banquet that I have prepared for him.

The king told someone to go get Haman in a hurry.  Then the king and Haman went to eat with Esther.
[5] Then the king said, Cause Haman to make haste, that he may do as Esther hath said. So the king and Haman came to the banquet that Esther had prepared.

While they were drinking wine, the king asked Esther what she wanted. He said she could have anything even if it was half of the kingdom.
[6] And the king said unto Esther at the banquet of wine, What is thy petition? and it shall be granted thee: and what is thy request? even to the half of the kingdom it shall be performed.

Esther answered. She said she wanted the king and Haman to come back tomorrow. They will eat again.
[7] Then answered Esther, and said, My petition and my request is;
[8] If I have found favour in the sight of the king, and if it please the king to grant my petition, and to perform my request, let the king and Haman come to the banquet that I shall prepare for them, and I will do tomorrow as the king hath said.


Haman goes home and makes a plan to kill Mordecai.

Haman was very happy that day. He was leaving the palace when he saw Mordecai. Mordecai was by the palace gate again. Mordecai did not stand up or move. Mordecai did not respect Haman. Haman hated Mordecai.
[9] Then went Haman forth that day joyful and with a glad heart: but when Haman saw Mordecai in the king's gate, that he stood not up, nor moved for him, he was full of indignation against Mordecai.

Haman went home. He called for his wife and his friends.
[10] Nevertheless Haman refrained himself: and when he came home, he sent and called for his friends, and Zeresh his wife.

Haman told everyone that he was rich and had many children.  He told them that the king had promoted him to an important job. He was more important than princes and other people who worked for the king.  He also told them that Esther had invited him to a meal. No one else was there except for him and the king. He said he is invited again tomorrow.
[11] And Haman told them of the glory of his riches, and the multitude of his children, and all the things wherein the king had promoted him, and how he had advanced him above the princes and servants of the king.
[12] Haman said moreover, Yea, Esther the queen did let no man come in with the king unto the banquet that she had prepared but myself; and to morrow am I invited unto her also with the king.

He said that none of that makes him happy because he continues to see Mordecai sitting by the king's gate.
[13] Yet all this availeth me nothing, so long as I see Mordecai the Jew sitting at the king's gate.

His wife and friends suggested that he make a gallows (place to hang someone). The gallows should 50 cubits high (about 75 feet).  They told him that he should ask the king if he can hang Mordecai on the gallows. Then he will be happy when he goes to eat with the king and Esther.  Haman liked this plan. He ordered someone to make the gallows.
[14] Then said Zeresh his wife and all his friends unto him, Let a gallows be made of fifty cubits high, and tomorrow speak thou unto the king that Mordecai may be hanged thereon: then go thou in merrily with the king unto the banquet. And the thing pleased Haman; and he caused the gallows to be made.

Esther 6

The king rewards Mordecai for saving his life.

That night, the king could not sleep. He asked his workers to bring some of the kingdom records. His workers read the records to him.
[1] On that night could not the king sleep, and he commanded to bring the book of records of the chronicles; and they were read before the king.

One of the events in the records was about Mordecai. It was about the time that Mordecai saved the king's life. That was when Mordecai heard the men named Bigthana and Teresh talking about killing the king.
[2] And it was found written, that Mordecai had told of Bigthana and Teresh, two of the king's chamberlains, the keepers of the door, who sought to lay hand on the king Ahasuerus.

The king asked how Mordecai was honored for saving his life. The king's workers said that nothing had been done to honor Mordecai.
[3] And the king said, What honour and dignity hath been done to Mordecai for this? Then said the king's servants that ministered unto him, There is nothing done for him.

Haman came into the king's house to talk to him. Haman planned to ask the king about hanging Mordecai.  The king asked who was there waiting to talk to him.
[4] And the king said, Who is in the court? Now Haman was come into the outward court of the king's house, to speak unto the king to hang Mordecai on the gallows that he had prepared for him.

The king's worker told him that Haman was there. The king told him to send Haman in to him. 
[5] And the king's servants said unto him, Behold, Haman standeth in the court. And the king said, Let him come in.

The king asked Haman how they could honor a man who had helped the king. Haman thought the king was talking about him (but the king was talking about Mordecai).
[6] So Haman came in. And the king said unto him, What shall be done unto the man whom the king delighteth to honour? Now Haman thought in his heart, To whom would the king delight to do honour more than to myself?

Haman answered the king. He said they should let the man wear the kings clothes, ride the king's horse, and wear the king's crown on his head. Then they should lead the man on the horse through the city streets and tell everyone this is the reward for men who do good things for the king.
[7] And Haman answered the king, For the man whom the king delighteth to honour,
[8] Let the royal apparel be brought which the king useth to wear, and the horse that the king rideth upon, and the crown royal which is set upon his head:
[9] And let this apparel and horse be delivered to the hand of one of the king's most noble princes, that they may array the man withal whom the king delighteth to honour, and bring him on horseback through the street of the city, and proclaim before him, Thus shall it be done to the man whom the king delighteth to honour.

The king liked the idea. He told Haman to hurry and take the king's clothes and king's horse to Mordecai the Jew.  The king reminded Haman that Mordecai sat by the gate of the palace. He told Haman to do everything that he had suggested.
[10] Then the king said to Haman, Make haste, and take the apparel and the horse, as thou hast said, and do even so to Mordecai the Jew, that sitteth at the king's gate: let nothing fail of all that thou has spoken.

Haman leads Mordecai around the city.
Graphic from

Haman got the king's clothes and horse. Mordecai wore the clothes and rode on the horse. Haman led the horse through the streets. Haman said loudly that this is the reward for the man who does good things for the king.
[11] Then took Haman the apparel and the horse, and arrayed Mordecai, and brought him on horseback through the street of the city, and proclaimed before him, Thus shall it be done unto the man whom the king delighteth to honour.

After this was finished, Mordecai went back to the gate of the palace. Haman went back home. He was very sad and covered his head.
[12] And Mordecai came again to the king's gate. But Haman hasted to his house mourning, and having his head covered.

Haman told his wife, Zeresh, and his friends what happened with Mordecai.  His wife and his wise friends said he could not defeat Mordecai.  Mordecai is a Jew, and he is being honored before Haman.
[13] And Haman told Zeresh his wife and all his friends every thing that had befallen him. Then said his wise men and Zeresh his wife unto him, If Mordecai be of the seed of the Jews, before whom thou hast begun to fall, thou shalt not prevail against him, but shalt surely fall before him.

While they were still talking, some of the king's workers arrived. They hurried and took Haman to the dinner that Esther was making.
[14] And while they were yet talking with him, came the king's chamberlains, and hasted to bring Haman unto the banquet that Esther had prepared.

Esther 7

Esther tells the king about Haman's plan to kill all of the Jews in Persia.

The king and Haman came to Esther's banquet (dinner).
[1] So the king and Haman came to banquet with Esther the queen.

On the 2nd day of the banquet, the king asked Esther what she wanted. He said she could have anything she wanted even if it was half of his kingdom.
[2] And the king said again unto Esther on the second day at the banquet of wine, What is thy petition, queen Esther? and it shall be granted thee: and what is thy request? and it shall be performed, even to the half of the kingdom.

Esther answered the king. She told the king that she and her people will all be killed. She asked the king to save her life and the lives of all Jewish people. She said the Jews have been sold and will be killed. She said if they had been sold to be slaves, she would not have said anything.
[3] Then Esther the queen answered and said, If I have found favour in thy sight, O king, and if it please the king, let my life be given me at my petition, and my people at my request:
[4] For we are sold, I and my people, to be destroyed, to be slain, and to perish. But if we had been sold for bondmen and bondwomen, I had held my tongue, although the enemy could not countervail the king's damage.

Esther accuses Haman.
The Doré Bible illustrations

By Gustave Doré

The king asked who was trying to kill all of the Jews. Esther said it was Haman. Then Haman was very afraid.
[5] Then the king Ahasuerus answered and said unto Esther the queen, Who is he, and where is he, that durst presume in his heart to do so?
[6] And Esther said, The adversary and enemy is this wicked Haman. Then Haman was afraid before the king and the queen.

The king was very angry. He left the table and went to his garden. While he was gone, Haman begged Esther to save him. He knew that the king would kill him as punishment.
[7] And the king arising from the banquet of wine in his wrath went into the palace garden: and Haman stood up to make request for his life to Esther the queen; for he saw that there was evil determined against him by the king.

The king came back from the garden. He saw that Haman was by Esther. The king thought that Haman was trying to rape Esther. Then the king's workers covered Haman's face.
[8] Then the king returned out of the palace garden into the place of the banquet of wine; and Haman was fallen upon the bed whereon Esther was. Then said the king, Will he force the queen also before me in the house? As the word went out of the king's mouth, they covered Haman's face.

One of the king's workers was named Harbonah. He told the king that Haman had built a place to hang Mordecai at his house. So the king told them to hang Haman there.
[9] And Harbonah, one of the chamberlains, said before the king, Behold also, the gallows fifty cubits high, which Haman had made for Mordecai, who had spoken good for the king, standeth in the house of Haman. Then the king said, Hang him thereon.

They hanged Haman on the same place that he built to hang Mordecai. Then the king wasn't mad anymore.
[10] So they hanged Haman on the gallows that he had prepared for Mordecai. Then was the king's wrath pacified.


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