Workers For Jesus Online Bible Study Table of Contents

About this Bible Study........The King James Version of the Bible is written in a beautiful form of the English language. It can be hard for modern English readers to understand.  In this study, you will find notes and summaries in brown just above the the verses from the Bible. We recommend that you read the notes and summaries first, and then read the verses in their KJV form. 


The Books of 1 Kings and 2 Kings

The books of 1 Kings and 2 Kings were originally one book. They were probably separated into 2 books so they would be easier to copy by hand.

1 Kings and 2 Kings were written 561 - 538 years before Jesus Christ was born. They cover David's death, David's son, Solomon, and his time as king, the kings after Solomon, and the other groups of people who came and carried the Israelites away to other countries.

The books were written for 2 reasons:
1. To review the history for the exiles (the Israelites who lived in other countries).
2. To show the exiles why they were carried away.
 


Bible Timeline
 
Here is a good timeline to see the book of 2 Kings in the history of the Bible
http://www.sundayschoolresources.com/timeline.htm


 


2 Kings 20 - 22
King Hezekiah prays to live longer.
God says He will destroy Judah.
Josiah becomes the king and repairs God's Temple.

 

2 Kings 20


King Hezekiah prays to get well and live longer.


King Hezekiah became very sick and was close to death.  The prophet Isaiah (his father's name was Amoz) came to see him. Isaiah told him that he would die soon. He should make plans.
[1] In those days was Hezekiah sick unto death. And the prophet Isaiah the son of Amoz came to him, and said unto him, Thus saith the LORD, Set thine house in order; for thou shalt die, and not live.
 

Hezekiah turned and faced the wall. He prayed to God. He asked God to remember that he has obeyed His laws. His heart has been for God. Hezekiah cried very hard.
[2] Then he turned his face to the wall, and prayed unto the LORD, saying,
[3] I beseech thee, O LORD, remember now how I have walked before thee in truth and with a perfect heart, and have done that which is good in thy sight. And Hezekiah wept sore.


As Isaiah was leaving, God talked to him.  God told him to turn around and go back to Hezekiah.  He should tell Hezekiah that God says He heard his prayer. God has seen him cry. God will make him better.  God will give him 15 more years to live. God will save Jerusalem from the Assyrians. God will save Jerusalem for himself and for David.  In 3 days, King Hezekiah should go to God's temple.
[4] And it came to pass, afore Isaiah was gone out into the middle court, that the word of the LORD came to him, saying,
[5] Turn again, and tell Hezekiah the captain of my people, Thus saith the LORD, the God of David thy father, I have heard thy prayer, I have seen thy tears: behold, I will heal thee: on the third day thou shalt go up unto the house of the LORD.
[6] And I will add unto thy days fifteen years; and I will deliver thee and this city out of the hand of the king of Assyria; and I will defend this city for mine own sake, and for my servant David's sake.


Isaiah told King Hezekiah's helpers to get some figs.  They put some figs on Hezekiah's boil. Then Hezekiah got better.
[7] And Isaiah said, Take a lump of figs. And they took and laid it on the boil, and he recovered.


King Hezekiah asked Isaiah how he would know that God would heal him. He wanted to know when to go to the temple.

[8] And Hezekiah said unto Isaiah, What shall be the sign that the LORD will heal me, and that I shall go up into the house of the LORD the third day?
 

A sundial shows the time with
the angle of the shadows.
Photo from 
http://www.newbethelofkeokuk.org

Isaiah asked Hezekiah which way shadows move on a sundial. He asked him if they move forward or backward. Hezekiah said shadows move forward. King Hezekiah said that if the shadow moves backward, he will know it's a sign from God.
[9] And Isaiah said, This sign shalt thou have of the LORD, that the LORD will do the thing that he hath spoken: shall the shadow go forth ten degrees, or go back ten degrees?
[10] And Hezekiah answered, It is a light thing for the shadow to go down ten degrees: nay, but let the shadow return backward ten degrees.


Isaiah prayed to God for the shadow to move backward on Ahaz's sundial (Ahaz was Hezekiah's father). God answered Isaiah's prayer, and the shadow moved backward.
[11] And Isaiah the prophet cried unto the LORD: and he brought the shadow ten degrees backward, by which it had gone down in the dial of Ahaz.

 



Men from Babylonia come to visit King Hezekiah.


The king of Babylon was named Berodach-baladan (his father's name was Baladan).  He heard that
King Hezekiah was sick. He sent letters and gifts to Hezekiah.
[12] At that time Berodach-baladan, the son of Baladan, king of Babylon, sent letters and a present unto Hezekiah: for he had heard that Hezekiah had been sick.


When the people from Babylon brought the gifts to him, Hezekiah showed them around. He showed them all of the expensive silver and gold things. He showed them the spices and the expensive ointment. He should them the army's armour.  He showed them everything in his house and in his kingdom.
[13] And Hezekiah hearkened unto them, and shewed them all the house of his precious things, the silver, and the gold, and the spices, and the precious ointment, and all the house of his armour, and all that was found in his treasures: there was nothing in his house, nor in all his dominion, that Hezekiah shewed them not.


Isaiah asked King Hezekiah who the men were and where they came from. Hezekiah told him they came from Babylon.
[14] Then came Isaiah the prophet unto king Hezekiah, and said unto him, What said these men? and from whence came they unto thee? And Hezekiah said, They are come from a far country, even from Babylon.


Isaiah asked him what the men saw. Hezekiah said they saw everything in his house. They saw all of the expensive things.  He showed them everything.
[15] And he said, What have they seen in thine house? And Hezekiah answered, All the things that are in mine house have they seen: there is nothing among my treasures that I have not shewed them.


Isaiah told him what God said. He said that someday in the future, everything will be carried off to Babylon.  Everything will be carried away -- the things that Hezekiah had now and the things his ancestors saved.
[16] And Isaiah said unto Hezekiah, Hear the word of the LORD.
[17] Behold, the days come, that all that is in thine house,and that which thy fathers have laid up in store unto this day, shall be carried into Babylon: nothing shall be left, saith the LORD.


Isaiah said that the Babylonians will take away all of Hezekiah's sons. His sons will work in the Babylonian kings' house.

[18] And of thy sons that shall issue from thee, which thou shalt beget, shall they take away; and they shall be eunuchs in the palace of the king of Babylon.


Hezekiah said that God's words were good.  It was good that there would be peace and truth a little longer until Hezekiah died.
[19] Then said Hezekiah unto Isaiah, Good is the word of the LORD which thou hast spoken. And he said, Is it not good, if peace and truth be in my days?
 


Hezekiah's Tunnel went under the city of Jerusalem. It brought water from the Gihon Spring to the Pool of Siloam. It was 533 meters long.

The tunnel is still open today, and people can walk through it. 
This YouTube video is by Galyn Wiemers. He takes a tour through Hezekiah's Tunnel.

 

 



King Hezekiah dies.



Hezekiah did other things while he was king.  He made a way to bring water into Jerusalem. The book about the kings of Judah tells more about the things Hezekiah did.

[20] And the rest of the acts of Hezekiah, and all his might, and how he made a pool, and a conduit, and brought water into the city, are they not written in the book of the chronicles of the kings of Judah?


Hezekiah died. Then his son, Manasseh, became the new king.
[21] And Hezekiah slept with his fathers: and Manasseh his son reigned in his stead.
 



2 Kings 21


King Manasseh is an evil king in Judah, and God says he will destroy Judah.
 

Manasseh was 12 years old when he became king. He was king in Jerusalem for 55 years. His mother's name was Hephzi-bah.
[1] Manasseh was twelve years old when he began to reign, and reigned fifty and five years in Jerusalem. And his mother's name was Hephzi-bah.


Manasseh did many bad things in God's eyes.  He behaved the same way as people who did not believe in God behaved.
[2] And he did that which was evil in the sight of the LORD, after the abominations of the heathen, whom the LORD cast out before the children of Israel.


When Hezekiah was king, he tore down the places where people worshiped false gods. Now, Manasseh built the bad places up again. He made altars for the false god, Baal. He made a grove of trees where people worshiped false gods. When Ahab was the king, he made the same kind of grove.
[3] For he built up again the high places which Hezekiah his father had destroyed; and he reared up altars for Baal, and made a grove, as did Ahab king of Israel; and worshipped all the host of heaven, and served them.
 


The kings of divided Israel
(dates are not exact)
 
King of Israel
(northern part)
King of Judah
(southern part)
Year started King's name Year started King's name

922 B.C.  

Jeroboam

922 B.C.

Rehoboam
       
   

915 B.C.

Abijam

 

 

913 B.C.

Asa

900 B.C.

Nadab    

897 B.C.

Baasha    

887 B.C.

Elah    

886 B.C.

Zimri    

882 B.C.

Omri    

870 B.C.

Ahab    

 

 

872 B.C.

Jehoshaphat

855 B.C.

Ahaziah    
The next 2 kings are both named Jehoram,
but they are not the same person. The exact dates of when they began to be kings are not known.
   

849 B.C

Jehoshaphat and Jehoram (Also called Joram)

847 B.C

Jehoram
(Also called Joram)

.

 
    835 B.C. Ahaziah

842-813 B.C.

Jehu 834 B.C. Athaliah (queen)
    833 B.C. Joash (not the same person as the king of Israel)
813 B.C. Jehoahaz    
796 B.C. Joash (not the same person as the king of Judah)    
    794 B.C. Amaziah
779 B.C. Jeroboam    
    752 B.C. Azariah
714 B.C. Zachariah    
  Shallum    
715 B.C. Menahem    
702 B.C. Pekahiah    
700 B.C. Pekah    
    658 B.C. Jotham
       
    684 B.C. Ahaz
672 B.C. Hoshea    
663 B.C.
Israelites taken to
Assyria
669 B.C. Hezekiah
  699 B.C. Manasseh

Manasseh built altars to false gods in God's temple in Jerusalem.
[4] And he built altars in the house of the LORD, of which the LORD said, In Jerusalem will I put my name.

He built altars to worship the sun, moon, and stars in God's temple.
[5] And he built altars for all the host of heaven in the two courts of the house of the LORD.


Manasseh practiced witchcraft and talked to spirits. He sacrificed his own son in fire. He did evil things and made God very angry.
[6] And he made his son pass through the fire, and observed times, and used enchantments, and dealt with familiar spirits and wizards: he wrought much wickedness in the sight of the LORD, to provoke him to anger.


Many years ago, God talked to King David and his son, Solomon.  God said that Jerusalem was His city and the place for His name. God said that if the Israelites obeyed His laws, they could stay in Jerusalem forever.  Now, King Manasseh was putting statues of false gods in God's temple.
[7] And he set a graven image of the grove that he had made in the house, of which the LORD said to David, and to Solomon his son, In this house, and in Jerusalem, which I have chosen out of all tribes of Israel, will I put my name for ever:
[8] Neither will I make the feet of Israel move any more out of the land which I gave their fathers; only if they will observe to do according to all that I have commanded them, and according to all the law that my servant Moses commanded them.


The people in Judah would not obey God. Manasseh led the people to do evil things. They did more evil things than the people who God sent out of Canaan a long time ago.
[9] But they hearkened not: and Manasseh seduced them to do more evil than did the nations whom the LORD destroyed before the children of Israel.


God talked to His prophets.  He said that Manasseh is doing very wicked and evil things. He is worse than the group of people named the Amorites. He is making the people in Judah sin and worship false gods.
[10] And the LORD spake by his servants the prophets, saying,
[11] Because Manasseh king of Judah hath done these abominations, and hath done wickedly above all that the Amorites did, which were before him, and hath made Judah also to sin with his idols:


God says that he will punish the people in Judah.  God will make very bad things happen to Judah and Jerusalem. It will be so bad that when people hear about it, their ears will tingle.
[12] Therefore thus saith the LORD God of Israel, Behold, I am bringing such evil upon Jerusalem and Judah, that whosoever heareth of it, both his ears shall tingle.


God said that Jerusalem will be destroyed the same as Samaria was destroyed.  Ahab's descendants will be killed. Jerusalem will be wiped out like when a man wipes water off a dish and turns it upside down.
[13] And I will stretch over Jerusalem the line of Samaria, and the plummet of the house of Ahab: and I will wipe Jerusalem as a man wipeth a dish, wiping it, and turning it upside down.


The people in Judah have done bad things. They have made God angry. They have made God angry since their ancestors left Egypt. God will let other people capture the people in Judah.
[14] And I will forsake the remnant of mine inheritance, and deliver them into the hand of their enemies; and they shall become a prey and a spoil to all their enemies;
[15] Because they have done that which was evil in my sight,and have provoked me to anger, since the day their fathers came forth out of Egypt, even unto this day.


Manasseh killed many innocent people. There was much blood in Jerusalem. He sinned, and he caused the people in Judah to sin.

[16] Moreover Manasseh shed innocent blood very much, till he had filled Jerusalem from one end to another; beside his sin wherewith he made Judah to sin, in doing that which was evil in the sight of the LORD.


Manasseh did other things while he was king. The book about the kings of Judah tells about the things he did and his sins.
[17] Now the rest of the acts of Manasseh, and all that he did, and his sin that he sinned, are they not written in the book of the chronicles of the kings of Judah?
 


The kings of divided Israel
(dates are not exact)
 
King of Israel
(northern part)
King of Judah
(southern part)
Year started King's name Year started King's name

922 B.C.  

Jeroboam

922 B.C.

Rehoboam
       
   

915 B.C.

Abijam

 

 

913 B.C.

Asa

900 B.C.

Nadab    

897 B.C.

Baasha    

887 B.C.

Elah    

886 B.C.

Zimri    

882 B.C.

Omri    

870 B.C.

Ahab    

 

 

872 B.C.

Jehoshaphat

855 B.C.

Ahaziah    
The next 2 kings are both named Jehoram,
but they are not the same person. The exact dates of when they began to be kings are not known.
   

849 B.C

Jehoshaphat and Jehoram (Also called Joram)

847 B.C

Jehoram
(Also called Joram)

.

 
    835 B.C. Ahaziah

842-813 B.C.

Jehu 834 B.C. Athaliah (queen)
    833 B.C. Joash (not the same person as the king of Israel)
813 B.C. Jehoahaz    
796 B.C. Joash (not the same person as the king of Judah)    
    794 B.C. Amaziah
779 B.C. Jeroboam    
    752 B.C. Azariah
714 B.C. Zachariah    
  Shallum    
715 B.C. Menahem    
702 B.C. Pekahiah    
700 B.C. Pekah    
    658 B.C. Jotham
       
    684 B.C. Ahaz
672 B.C. Hoshea    
663 B.C.
Israelites taken to
Assyria
669 B.C. Hezekiah
699 B.C Manasseh
642 B.C. Amon
640 B.C. Josiah

Manasseh died. He was buried in the garden by his own house. The place was named Uzza. Then Manasseh's son named Amon became the new king.
[18] And Manasseh slept with his fathers, and was buried in the garden of his own house, in the garden of Uzza: and Amon his son reigned in his stead.

 



Manasseh's son, Amon, is also an evil king of Judah.


Amon was 22 years old when he became king. He was king for 2 years in Jerusalem. His mother's name was Meshullemeth. She was the daughter of Haruz from the place named Jotbah.
[19] Amon was twenty and two years old when he began to reign, and he reigned two years in Jerusalem. And his mother's name was Meshullemeth, the daughter of Haruz of Jotbah.


Amon did bad things like his father did.
[20] And he did that which was evil in the sight of the LORD, as his father Manasseh did.


He did not obey God's laws. He worshiped false gods and statues the same as his father did.
[21] And he walked in all the way that his father walked in, and served the idols that his father served, and worshipped them:
[22] And he forsook the LORD God of his fathers, and walked not in the way of the LORD.


Some of Amon's workers made a plan to kill him. They killed him in his own house. Then the people in Judah killed the people who killed Amon. Then Amon's son, Josiah, became the new king.
[23] And the servants of Amon conspired against him, and slew the king in his own house.
[24] And the people of the land slew all them that had conspired against king Amon; and the people of the land made Josiah his son king in his stead.


The book about the kings of Judah tells about the things that Amon did when he was king.
[25] Now the rest of the acts of Amon which he did, are they not written in the book of the chronicles of the kings of Judah?


Amon was buried in the garden in Uzza. Then his son, Josiah, became the new king.
[26] And he was buried in his sepulchre in the garden of Uzza: and Josiah his son reigned in his stead.
 



2 Kings 22


Josiah becomes the king of Judah and repairs God's Temple.
 

Josiah was 8 years old when he became the king. He was king for 31 years in Jerusalem. Josiah's mother's name was Jedidah (she was the daughter of Adaiah from the place named Boscath).
[1] Josiah was eight years old when he began to reign, and he reigned thirty and one years in Jerusalem. And his mother's name was Jedidah, the daughter of Adaiah of Boscath.


Josiah was good, and he obeyed God's laws. He followed God's laws the same as David did.
[2] And he did that which was right in the sight of the LORD, and walked in all the way of David his father, and turned not aside to the right hand or to the left.


Josiah had been the king for 18 years. He sent Shapha, the secretary/historian (his father was Azaliah and his grandfather was Meshullam), to the temple. He wanted him to see the high priest named Hilkiah.  Josiah wanted Hilkiah to count the silver that people brought to the temple.  The temple guards collected the money.
[3] And it came to pass in the eighteenth year of king Josiah, that the king sent Shaphan the son of Azaliah, the son of Meshullam, the scribe, to the house of the LORD, saying,
[4] Go up to Hilkiah the high priest, that he may sum the silver which is brought into the house of the LORD, which the keepers of the door have gathered of the people:


They should give the money to the people who are repairing the temple.  They can use the money to pay the carpenters, builders, and stoneworkers and to buy wood and stone.
[5] And let them deliver it into the hand of the doers of the work, that have the oversight of the house of the LORD: and let them give it to the doers of the work which is in the house of the LORD, to repair the breaches of the house,
[6] Unto carpenters, and builders, and masons, and to buy timber and hewn stone to repair the house.


They were honest men so there was no need to keep records of the money.
[7] Howbeit there was no reckoning made with them of the money that was delivered into their hand, because they dealt faithfully.

 



Josiah hears God's Book of Law.
 

The Book of Law was the book of rules that God gave to Moses back in the book of Deuteronomy.

Hilkiah the priest told Shaphan the scribe that he found the Book of Law in the temple.  He gave the book to Shaphan. Shaphan read the book.
[8] And Hilkiah the high priest said unto Shaphan the scribe, I have found the book of the law in the house of the LORD. And Hilkiah gave the book to Shaphan, and he read it.


Shaphan went to the king. He told him that they collected the money at the temple. They gave it to the people who are repairing the temple.

[9] And Shaphan the scribe came to the king, and brought the king word again, and said, Thy servants have gathered the money that was found in the house, and have delivered it into the hand of them that do the work, that have the oversight of the house of the LORD.
 

Shaphan reads the Book of Law to Josiah.
by Julius Schnoor von Carolsfeld
From
Wikipedia.com


Shaphan showed Josiah the Book of Law. He told him that Hilkiah the priest found the book in the temple. Shaphan read the book to Josiah. When Josiah heard the book, he tore his clothes to show that he was upset.
[10] And Shaphan the scribe shewed the king, saying, Hilkiah the priest hath delivered me a book. And Shaphan read it before the king.
[11] And it came to pass, when the king had heard the words of the book of the law, that he rent his clothes.

 



God tells Josiah that He will destroy Judah.


King Josiah sent some of his men to talk to a prophet. He sent Hilkiah the priest, Shaphan the scribe,  Shaphan's son, Ahikam, Achbor (his father was Michaiah), and one of the workers named Asahiah.  Josiah wanted to know what God said. Josiah knew that God was very angry with them because the people in Judah had not obeyed His laws.
[12] And the king commanded Hilkiah the priest, and Ahikam the son of Shaphan, and Achbor the son of Michaiah, and Shaphan the scribe, and Asahiah a servant of the king's, saying,
[13] Go ye, inquire of the LORD for me, and for the people, and for all Judah, concerning the words of this book that is found: for great is the wrath of the LORD that is kindled against us, because our fathers have not hearkened unto the words of this book, to do according unto all that which is written concerning us.


The men went to talk to the prophetess (a female prophet) named Huldah. Huldah's husband's name was Shallum. Huldah's husband was in charge of the king's clothes. His father was Tikvah and his grandfather was Harhas.  Huldah lived in Jerusalem in the place where prophets studied. The men went and talked to her.

[14] So Hilkiah the priest, and Ahikam, and Achbor, and Shaphan, and Asahiah, went unto Huldah the prophetess, the wife of Shallum the son of Tikvah, the son of Harhas, keeper of the wardrobe; (now she dwelt in Jerusalem in the college;) and they communed with her.


God told her what to tell them. They should tell Josiah that God will destroy Judah and the people in Judah. It will happen like the Book of Law said it would happen. God will destroy them because they have not obeyed His laws, and they have worshiped false gods.
[15] And she said unto them, Thus saith the LORD God of Israel, Tell the man that sent you to me,
[16] Thus saith the LORD, Behold, I will bring evil upon this place, and upon the inhabitants thereof, even all the words of the book which the king of Judah hath read:
[17] Because they have forsaken me, and have burned incense unto other gods, that they might provoke me to anger with all the works of their hands; therefore my wrath shall be kindled against this place, and shall not be quenched.


But this will not happen until after Josiah dies. God will not destroy Josiah because Josiah was upset and tore his clothes when he heard what God will do to Judah. He cried and prayed to God. Josiah wanted the people in Jerusalem to change. The men told Josiah what God said.
[18] But to the king of Judah which sent you to inquire of the LORD, thus shall ye say to him, Thus saith the LORD God of Israel, As touching the words which thou hast heard;
[19] Because thine heart was tender, and thou hast humbled thyself before the LORD, when thou heardest what I spake against this place, and against the inhabitants thereof, that they should become a desolation and a curse, and hast rent thy clothes, and wept before me; I also have heard thee, saith the LORD.
[20] Behold therefore, I will gather thee unto thy fathers, and thou shalt be gathered into thy grave in peace; and thine eyes shall not see all the evil which I will bring upon this place. And they brought the king word again.

 

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