Workers For Jesus Online Bible Study Table of Contents

About this Bible Study........The King James Version of the Bible is written in a beautiful form of the English language. It can be hard for modern English readers to understand.  In this study, you will find notes and summaries in brown just above the the verses from the Bible. We recommend that you read the notes and summaries first, and then read the verses in their KJV form. 


The Books of 1 Kings and 2 Kings

The books of 1 Kings and 2 Kings were originally one book. They were probably separated into 2 books so they would be easier to copy by hand.

1 Kings and 2 Kings were written 561 - 538 years before Jesus Christ was born. They cover David's death, David's son, Solomon, and his time as king, the kings after Solomon, and the other groups of people who came and carried the Israelites away to other countries.

The books were written for 2 reasons:
1. To review the history for the exiles (the Israelites who lived in other countries).
2. To show the exiles why they were carried away.
 


Bible Timeline
 
Here is a good timeline to see the book of 2 Kings in the history of the Bible
http://www.sundayschoolresources.com/timeline.htm


 


2 Kings 17 - 19

Assyria attacks Israel and takes the Israelites away.
Hezekiah becomes king of Judah.
Assyria attacks Judah.
God helps Jerusalem defeat Assyria.

 

 


The kings of divided Israel
(dates are not exact)
 
King of Israel
(northern part)
King of Judah
(southern part)
Year started King's name Year started King's name

922 B.C.  

Jeroboam

922 B.C.

Rehoboam
       
   

915 B.C.

Abijam

 

 

913 B.C.

Asa

900 B.C.

Nadab    

897 B.C.

Baasha    

887 B.C.

Elah    

886 B.C.

Zimri    

882 B.C.

Omri    

870 B.C.

Ahab    

 

 

872 B.C.

Jehoshaphat

855 B.C.

Ahaziah    
The next 2 kings are both named Jehoram,
but they are not the same person. The exact dates of when they began to be kings are not known.
   

849 B.C

Jehoshaphat and Jehoram (Also called Joram)

847 B.C

Jehoram
(Also called Joram)

.

 
    835 B.C. Ahaziah

842-813 B.C.

Jehu 834 B.C. Athaliah (queen)
    833 B.C. Joash (not the same person as the king of Israel)
813 B.C. Jehoahaz    
796 B.C. Joash (not the same person as the king of Judah)    
    794 B.C. Amaziah
779 B.C. Jeroboam    
    752 B.C. Azariah
714 B.C. Zachariah    
  Shallum    
715 B.C. Menahem    
702 B.C. Pekahiah    
700 B.C. Pekah    
    658 B.C. Jotham
       
    684 B.C. Ahaz
672 B.C. Hoshea    
663 B.C.
Israelites taken
to Assyria
   


2 Kings 17


The king of Assyria attacks Israel.
 

When Ahaz had been king of Judah for 12 years, Hoshea (his father was Elah) became king of Israel. He was king in Samaria for 9 years.
[1] In the twelfth year of Ahaz king of Judah began Hoshea the son of Elah to reign in Samaria over Israel nine years.


Ahaz did bad things in God's eyes, but he did not do the same bad things as the kings before him.
[2] And he did that which was evil in the sight of the LORD, but not as the kings of Israel that were before him.


The king of Assyria named Shalmaneser attacked Israel. Hoshea started giving gifts to Shalmaneser.
[3] Against him came up Shalmaneser king of Assyria; and Hoshea became his servant, and gave him presents.


Later, Hoshea stopped giving Shalmaneser gifts every year. Shalmaneser found out that Hoshea had been in contact with the king in Egypt named So. Shalmaneser captured Hoshea and put him in jail.
[4] And the king of Assyria found conspiracy in Hoshea: for he had sent messengers to So king of Egypt, and brought no present to the king of Assyria, as he had done year by year: therefore the king of Assyria shut him up, and bound him in prison.


Then the king of Assyria attacked Israel. He fought and tried to capture Samaria for 3 years.
[5] Then the king of Assyria came up throughout all the land, and went up to Samaria, and besieged it three years.



The king of Assyria takes all of the Israelites away from Israel.


When Hoshea had been king for 9 years,  the king of Assyria captured Samaria. He took away all of the Israelites. He took them to places in Assyria. He took some tothe place named Halah. He took some to the place named Habor by the  Gozan river. He also took some of the Israelites to the cities of the Medes (a group of people).

[6] In the ninth year of Hoshea the king of Assyria took Samaria, and carried Israel away into Assyria, and placed them in Halah and in Habor by the river of Gozan, and in the
cities of the Medes.

The Assyrians took the Israelites to Assyria.
From breadsite.org


The Israelites had sinned against the Lord God. He had brought them out of Egypt. He saved them from Pharoah, but they continued to worship false gods.
[7] For so it was, that the children of Israel had sinned against the LORD their God, which had brought them up out of the land of Egypt, from under the hand of Pharoah king of Egypt, and had feared other gods,


The Israelites followed the laws of the people who did not worship God. They followed laws of the people God put out of Canaan.  They behaved as badly as the kings of Israel.
[8] And walked in the statutes of the heathen, whom the LORD cast out from before the children of Israel, and of the kings of Israel, which they had made.

The Israelites worshiped false gods in secret.  They built places to worship false gods in all of their cities. They built them in small and large cities.
[9] And the children of Israel did secretly those things that were not right against the LORD their God, and they built them high places in all their cities, from the tower of the watchmen to the fenced city.


They set up statues and groves of trees everywhere. They set them up on every high hill and under every green tree.
[10] And they set them up images and groves in every high hill, and under every green tree:


They worshiped false gods in the high places. They burned incense in the high places. This is the same as the people who didn't believe in God. Before the Israelites moved into Canaan, God made the people who didn't believe in Him leave Canaan. Now the Israelites did bad things that made God very angry. They worshiped statues even after God told them not to do that.
[11] And there they burnt incense in all the high places, as did the heathen whom the LORD carried away before them; and wrought wicked things to provoke the LORD to anger:
[12] For they served idols, whereof the LORD had said unto them, Ye shall not do this thing.
 

God told the Israelites they were doing wrong things. He warned them through the prophets. He warned the Israelites to stop doing bad things. He told them to obey His laws and commandments.  God gave their ancestors the laws and commandments.
[13] Yet the LORD testified against Israel, and against Judah, by all the prophets, and by all the seers, saying, Turn ye from your evil ways, and keep my commandments and my statutes, according to all the law which I commanded your fathers, and which I sent to you by my servants the prophets.


The Israelites did not listen to God.  They were stubborn the same as their fathers. They did not believe in God. They refused to obey God's laws and commandments.  They rejected the promise that God made to their fathers.  They worshiped statues and followed heathens (people who did not believe in God).
[14] Notwithstanding they would not hear, but hardened their necks, like to the neck of their fathers, that did not believe in the LORD their God.
[15] And they rejected his statutes, and his covenant that he made with their fathers, and his testimonies which he testified against them; and they followed vanity, and became vain, and went after the heathen that were round about them, concerning whom the LORD had charged them, that they should not do like them.


They did not follow God's commandments. They made statues to worship. They made 2 statues of calves to worship. They made a grove of trees (like the people who worshiped the false god Asherah).  They worshiped the stars. They worshiped the false god named Baal.
[16] And they left all the commandments of the LORD their God, and made them molten images, even two calves, and made a grove, and worshipped all the host of heaven, and served Baal.


They sacrificed their own sons and daughters and burned them. They used magic and did bad things. God was very angry with them.
[17] And they caused their sons and their daughters to pass through the fire, and used divination and enchantments, and sold themselves to do evil in the sight of the LORD, to provoke him to anger.


The Lord God was very angry with Israel. He sent them away so He couldn't see them. Only the tribe of Judah was left.
[18] Therefore the LORD was very angry with Israel, and removed them out of his sight: there was none left but the tribe of Judah only.


Judah did the same as Israel.  The people in the tribe of Judah did not obey God.
[19] Also Judah kept not the commandments of the LORD their God, but walked in the statutes of Israel which they made.


God rejected all of the tribes and let other groups of people take them away.

[20] And the LORD rejected all the seed of Israel, and afflicted them, and delivered them into the hand of spoilers, until he had cast them out of his sight.


Back in 1 Kings 11, God took Israel away from David's son, Solomon. Jeroboam (his father's name was Nebat) became the new king of Israel.  Jeroboam was not good, and he caused the Israelites to sin. The Israelites sinned the same as Jeroboam.
[21] For he rent Israel from the house of David; and they made Jeroboam the son of Nebat king: and Jeroboam drave Israel from following the LORD, and made them sin a great sin.


The Israelites continued to sin like Jeroboam for many years. God spoke through the prophets and warned them.  They did not stop sinning. So God allowed the people from Assyria to take the Israelites away.  When this book of the Bible was written, the Israelites were still in Assyria. 
[22] For the children of Israel walked in all the sins of Jeroboam which he did; they departed not from them;
[23] Until the LORD removed Israel out of his sight, as he had said by all his servants the prophets. So was Israel carried away out of their own land to Assyria unto this day.

 



One of Israel's priests goes back to Israel.



The Assyrians took the Israelites to Assyria.  Then the king of Assyria put Assyrian people in the Israelites' cities. Assyrian people from the places named Babylon, Cuthah, Ava, Hamath, and Sepharvaim moved to live in Samaria.

[24] And the king of Assyria brought men from Babylon, and from Cuthah, and from Ava, and from Hamath, and from Sepharvaim, and placed them in the cities of Samaria instead of the children of Israel: and they possessed Samaria, and dwelt in the cities thereof.


When the Assyrians first moved to Samaria, they did not respect God.   Then God sent lions to Samaria, and the lions killed some of the Assyrians.
[25] And so it was at the beginning of their dwelling there, that they feared not the LORD: therefore the LORD sent lions among them, which slew some of them.

Some of the king's workers sent him a message. They said that the Assyrians in Samaria don't know how to worship God. So God sent lions to kill them.
[26] Wherefore they spake to the king of Assyria, saying, The nations which thou hast removed, and placed in the cities of Samaria, know not the manner of the God of the land: therefore he hath sent lions among them, and, behold, they slay them, because they know not the manner of the God of the land.


The king told them to get one of the Israelite priests. They should take him back to live in Israel. He can teach the Assyrians how to worship God.
[27] Then the king of Assyria commanded, saying, Carry thither one of the priests whom ye brought from thence; and let them go and dwell there, and let him teach them the manner of the God of the land.


One of the Israelite priests went back to Samaria. He lived in Bethel. He taught the Assyrians how to worship God.
[28] Then one of the priests whom they had carried away from Samaria came and dwelt in Bethel, and taught them how they should fear the LORD.


The Assyrians made their own false gods. They put them in the places the Israelites made in the past. These were the places where the Israelites worshiped false gods. The people from Babylon made statues of the false god named Succoth-benoth. The people from Cuth made statues of the false god named Nergal.  The people from Hamath made statues of the false god named Ashima. The people named the Avites made statues of the false gods named Nibhaz and Tartak.  The people named the Sepharvites worshiped the false gods named Adrammelech and Anammelech. The Sepharvites worshiped their false gods by burning their children in fire.
[29] Howbeit every nation made gods of their own, and put them in the houses of the high places which the Samaritans had made, every nation in their cities wherein they dwelt.
[30] And the men of Babylon made Succoth-benoth, and the men of Cuth made Nergal, and the men of Hamath made Ashima,
[31] And the Avites made Nibhaz and Tartak, and the Sepharvites burnt their children in fire to Adrammelech and Anammelech, the gods of Sepharvaim.


The Israelites worshiped God, but also worshiped false gods. The Assyrians did the same. They worshiped God, but also worshiped false gods. They made some of their people to be priests.
[32] So they feared the LORD, and made unto themselves of the lowest of them priests of the high places, which sacrificed for them in the houses of the high places.
[33] They feared the LORD, and served their own gods, after the manner of the nations whom they carried away from thence.


When this book of the Bible was written, the Assyrians were still living in Israel.  They were still worshiping false gods. They did not obey God's laws. They did not obey the laws that God gave to Jacob (God called him Israel) and his descendants.
[34] Unto this day they do after the former manners: they fear not the LORD, neither do they after their statutes, or after their ordinances, or after the law and commandment which the LORD commanded the children of Jacob, whom he named Israel;
 

God made a covenant (promise) with Jacob.  God gave laws to Jacob and his descendants. One of the laws said that they should not worship other gods.  They should not work for them or make sacrifices to them.
[35] With whom the LORD had made a covenant, and charged them saying, Ye shall not fear other gods, nor bow yourselves to them, nor serve them, nor sacrifice to them:


God helped the Israelites escape Egypt. God is powerful, and He used his power to help the Israelites. The Israelites should worship God only. They should only make sacrifices to Him.
[36] But the LORD, who brought you up out of the land of Egypt with great power and a stretched out arm, him shall ye fear, and him shall ye worship, and to him shall ye do sacrifice.


God said that the Israelites should obey His laws and commandments. They should obey them forever. They should not worship other gods. They should never forget God's laws. 
[37] And the statutes, and the ordinances, and the law, and the commandment, which he wrote for you, ye shall observe to do for evermore; and ye shall not fear other gods.
[38] And the covenant that I have made with you ye shall not forget; neither shall ye fear other gods.


If the Israelites will worship and respect God, He will help them escape their enemies.
[39] But the LORD your God ye shall fear; and he shall deliver you out of the hand of all your enemies.


The Israelites did not listen.  They behaved the same as the sinful Israelite king, Jeroboam.
[40] Howbeit they did not hearken, but they did after their former manner.


The people in Israel worshiped God, but they also worshiped their false god statues. Their descendants did the same. When this book of the Bible was written, they continued to do this.

[41] So these nations feared the LORD, and served their graven images, both their children, and their children's children: as did their fathers, so do they unto this day.
 



The kings of divided Israel
(dates are not exact)
 
King of Israel
(northern part)
King of Judah
(southern part)
Year started King's name Year started King's name

922 B.C.  

Jeroboam

922 B.C.

Rehoboam
       
   

915 B.C.

Abijam

 

 

913 B.C.

Asa

900 B.C.

Nadab    

897 B.C.

Baasha    

887 B.C.

Elah    

886 B.C.

Zimri    

882 B.C.

Omri    

870 B.C.

Ahab    

 

 

872 B.C.

Jehoshaphat

855 B.C.

Ahaziah    
The next 2 kings are both named Jehoram,
but they are not the same person. The exact dates of when they began to be kings are not known.
   

849 B.C

Jehoshaphat and Jehoram (Also called Joram)

847 B.C

Jehoram
(Also called Joram)

.

 
    835 B.C. Ahaziah

842-813 B.C.

Jehu 834 B.C. Athaliah (queen)
    833 B.C. Joash (not the same person as the king of Israel)
813 B.C. Jehoahaz    
796 B.C. Joash (not the same person as the king of Judah)    
    794 B.C. Amaziah
779 B.C. Jeroboam    
    752 B.C. Azariah
714 B.C. Zachariah    
  Shallum    
715 B.C. Menahem    
702 B.C. Pekahiah    
700 B.C. Pekah    
    658 B.C. Jotham
       
    684 B.C. Ahaz
672 B.C. Hoshea    
663 B.C.
Israelites taken to
Assyria
669 B.C. Hezekiah


2 Kings 18
 

King Hezekiah of Judah


When Hoshea was king in Israel for 3 years, Hezekiah (his father's name was Ahaz) became the king of Judah.

[1] Now it came to pass in the third year of Hoshea son of Elah king of Israel, that Hezekiah the son of Ahaz king of Judah began to reign.


Hezekiah was 25 years old when he became the new king. He was king in Jerusalem for 29 years. Hezekiah's mother's name was Abi (her father's name was Zachariah).
[2] Twenty and five years old was he when he began to reign; and he reigned twenty and nine years in Jerusalem. His mother's name also was Abi, the daughter of Zachariah.

Hezekiah obeyed God's laws the same as David did.  
[3] And he did that which was right in the sight of the LORD, according to all that David his father did.

"Moses Lifts Up the Serpent of Brass"
The Story of the Bible by Charles Foster,  (Illustrations by F.B. Schell and others)

Digitized by Ted Kuik of
CoolNotions.com

The brass snake that Moses made
From Numbers 21


The Israelites started to complain about God, and they complained about Moses. They asked why God and Moses brought them out of Egypt. They said they would die in the desert. They said there was no food or water in the desert. They were tired of eating the manna.


God sent snakes. The snakes were poisonous. They snakes bit many of the Israelite people.  Many of the people died. 


The people came to talk to Moses. They were sorry that they complained. They said they had sinned. It was sin to complain about God.  They wanted Moses to pray to God. They wanted God to take away the poisonous snakes. So Moses prayed to God.

God told Moses what to do. God told Moses to make a bronze (metal) snake. He should put the metal snake up on a pole.  When a live snake bit a person, the person should look at the metal snake on the pole. Then the person would not die. 

Moses obeyed God. He made a metal snake and put it on a pole. Then if a live snake bit a person, the person looked at the metal snake. The person did not die.
 
 

He took down the places where the people worshiped false gods. He broke the statues and cut down the groves of trees. He broke the brass snake that Moses made because the people in Judah had started to worship the snake and named it Nehushtan.
[4] He removed the high places, and brake the images, and cut down the groves, and brake in pieces the brasen serpent that Moses had made: for unto those days the children of Israel did burn incense to it: and he called it Nehushtan.


Hezekiah trusted God. He obeyed God's laws and did not sin. He obeyed the commandments that God gave Moses. No other king before him or after him was as good as he was.
[5] He trusted in the LORD God of Israel; so that after him was none like him among all the kings of Judah, nor any that were before him.
[6] For he clave to the LORD, and departed not from following him, but kept his commandments, which the LORD commanded Moses.


God helped Hezekiah. He succeeded everywhere he went. He rebelled against the king of Assyria (he did not obey him). He did not serve the king of Assyria.
[7] And the LORD was with him; and he prospered whithersoever he went forth: and he rebelled against the king of Assyria, and served him not.


Hezekiah killed the Philistines in many small and large places.  He killed them in the areas close to the borders of Gaza.
[8] He smote the Philistines, even unto Gaza, and the borders thereof, from the tower of the watchmen to the fenced city.


The king of Assyrian was named Shalmaneser. He attacked Samaria. This happened when Hezekiah had been king of Judah for 4 years. This was the 7th year that Hoshea (his father's name was Elah) was king of Israel.
[9] And it came to pass in the fourth year of king Hezekiah, which was the seventh year of Hoshea son of Elah king of Israel, that Shalmaneser king of Assyria came up against Samaria, and besieged it.


After 3 years, the Assyrians captured Samaria. Hezekiah had been king of Judah for 6 years, and Hoshea had been king of Israel for 9 years.

[10] And at the end of three years they took it: even in the sixth year of Hezekiah, that is the ninth year of Hoshea king of Israel, Samaria was taken.


The Assyrian king took the people in Israel away to Assyria. He put them in the places named Halah and Habor. These places were by the Gozan River. He also put some of them in the cities where the group of people named the Medes lived.
[11] And the king of Assyria did carry away Israel unto Assyria, and put them in Halah and in Habor by the river of Gozan, and in the cities of the Medes:


The Israelites were taken away because they did not obey God. They did not obey His laws. They did not do what Moses told them to do.  They did not pay attention to the laws and did not obey them.
[12] Because they obeyed not the voice of the LORD their God, but transgressed his covenant, and all that Moses the servant of the LORD commanded, and would not hear them, nor do them.
 


Sennacherib
From
Bible-History.com


Assyria attacks Judah.


Hezekiah had been king for 14 years. The king of Assyria was now Sennacherib.  Sennacherib attacked all of the big cities in Judah and captured them.

[13] Now in the fourteenth year of king Hezekiah did Sennacherib king of Assyria come up against all the fenced cities of Judah, and took them.


Sennacherib was in the city of Lachish, and King Hezekiah sent him a message.  He told him that he was sorry he had not served him or paid taxes to him. He asked him not to attack Jerusalem. He said he will pay whatever Sennacherib wants. Sennacherib said that now he wants 11 tons of silver (22,000 pounds) and 1 ton of gold (2,000 pounds).

[14] And Hezekiah king of Judah sent to the king of Assyria to Lachish, saying, I have offended; return from me: that which thou puttest on me will I bear. And the king of Assyria appointed unto Hezekiah king of Judah three hundred talents of silver and thirty talents of gold.


Hezekiah gave him all of the silver from God's temple and the king's home. After Hezekiah began to be king, he had put gold on the temple pillars and door (he put gold on because King Ahaz had taken the gold off earlier).  Now he took the gold off again to give to Sennacherib.
[15] And Hezekiah gave him all the silver that was found in the house of the LORD, and in the treasures of the king's house.
[16] At that time did Hezekiah cut off the gold from the doors of the temple of the LORD, and from the pillars which Hezekiah king of Judah had overlaid, and gave it to the king of Assyria.

 

The Assyrian king sent 3 men named Tartan, Rabsaris, and Rab-sakeh. The 3 men traveled with the army from Lachish to Jerusalem. They went to fight against Jerusalem. They stood outside the city by the upper pool near the road to the area where people made cloth.
[17] And the king of Assyria sent Tartan and Rabsaris and Rab-shakeh from Lachish to king Hezekiah with a great host against Jerusalem. And they went up and came to Jerusalem. And when they were come up, they came and stood by the conduit of the upper pool, which is in the highway of the fuller's field.

 



Three Assyrian leaders encourage the people in Jerusalem to follow them.


The 3 men called out to King Hezekiah. Some of Hezekiah's men came out to talk to them.  Hezekiah's men were named Eliakim (his father's name was Hilkiah), Shebna, and Joah (his father's name was Asaph). Eliakim was in charge of Hezekiah's house. Shebna was the secretary. Joah kept the records. 
[18] And when they had called to the king, there came out to them Eliakim the son of Hilkiah, which was over the household, and Shebna the scribe, and Joah the son of Asaph the recorder.


Rab-shakeh told them to give a message to Hezekiah.  They should tell him what the king of Assyria says.  The king of Assyria wants to know why King Hezekiah feels confident and not afraid. He wants to know why Hezekiah says Judah is strong enough for war. He wants to know who Hezekiah trusts.
[19] And Rab-shakeh said unto them, Speak ye now to Hezekiah, Thus saith the great king, the king of Assyria, What confidence is this wherein thou trustest?
[20] Thou sayest, (but they are but vain words,) I have counsel and strength for the war. Now on whom dost thou trust, that thou rebellest against me?

The king of Assyria wants to know if Hezekiah is depending on Egypt. He said Egypt is not strong. If Hezekiah trusts Egypt for help, it will be the same as a man leaning on a broken stick.  The stick will go through his hand.
[21] Now, behold, thou trustest upon the staff of this bruised reed, even upon Egypt, on which if a man lean, it will go into his hand, and pierce it: so is Pharoah king of Egypt unto all that trust on him.


Hezekiah says that he trusts the Lord God. But the Assyrian men say that Hezekiah made the people in Judah tear down the places where they worshiped God. He wants them all to worship only in Jerusalem. (Note...this is not true. Hezekiah tore down the places where the people were worshiping false gods. He did not tear down places where people worshiped God).
[22] But if ye say unto me, We trust in the LORD our God: is not that he, whose high places and whose altars Hezekiah hath taken away, and hath said to Judah and Jerusalem, Ye shall worship before this altar in Jerusalem?


The men said that Hezekiah should give money to the king of Assyria. Then they will bring Hezekiah 2,000 horses. But they don't think he has enough soldiers to ride on that many horses.
[23] Now therefore, I pray thee, give pledges to my lord the king of Assyria, and I will deliver thee two thousand horses, if thou be able on thy part to set riders upon them.


They said Hezekiah will not be able to defeat the smallest of Assyria's army. They said Hezekiah is trusting Egypt for chariots and horse soldiers.
[24] How then wilt thou turn away the face of one captain of the least of my master's servants, and put thy trust on Egypt for chariots and for horsemen?


The Assyrians said that God sent them to destroy Judah.
[25] Am I now come up without the LORD against this place to destroy it? The LORD said to me, Go up against this land, and destroy it.
 

The 3 men from Judah, Eliakim, Hilkiah, and Shebna, asked the Assyrians to use a different language. They wanted them to use the Syrian language. They said they could understand it. They didn't want them to use Hebrew because they didn't want the Jewish people to listen to what the Assyrians said.
[26] Then said Eliakim the son of Hilkiah, and Shebna, and Joah, unto Rab-shakeh, Speak, I pray thee, to thy servants in the Syrian language; for we understand it: and talk not with us in the Jews' language in the ears of the people that are on the wall.


The Assyrian, Rab-shakeh, continued to use the Hebrew language. He said the Assyrian king wants all of the Jews to understand what they say. He said the Jews would have bad times in the future.
[27] But Rab-shakeh said unto them, Hath my master sent me to thy master, and to thee, to speak these words? hath he not sent me to the men which sit on the wall, that they may eat their own dung, and drink their own piss with you.


Rab-shakeh stood up and yelled loudly. He used Hebrew so all of the Jews would hear him.  He gave them the message from the king of Assyria. The king said that Hezekiah would trick them. He said that Hezekiah cannot really save them from the Assyrians.
[28] Then Rab-shakeh stood and cried with a loud voice in the Jews' language, and spake, saying, Hear the word of the great king, the king of Assyria:
[29] Thus saith the king, Let not Hezekiah deceive you: for he shall not be able to deliver you out of his hand:


Hezekiah told the Jews that God will save them. God will not let the Assyrians defeat them. But Rab-shakeh said God will not save Jerusalem from the Assyrians.
[30] Neither let Hezekiah make you trust in the LORD, saying, The LORD will surely deliver us, and this city shall not be delivered into the hand of the king of Assyria.

He told them they should not follow Hezekiah. He said they should follow the king of Assyria. They should come out and meet him. He said they can keep their own farms in Judah. He said they can drink their own water.
[31] Hearken not to Hezekiah: for thus saith the king of Assyria, Make an agreement with me by a present, and come out to me, and then eat ye every man of his own vine, and every one of his fig tree, and drink ye every one the waters of his cistern:


Later on, they will leave Judah and go live in Assyria. In Assyria, they will have farms, too. He said Assyria has much corn, wine, grapes, bread, olive oil, and honey. He said they will not die if they go live in Assyria.
[32] Until I come and take you away to a land like your own land, a land of corn and wine, a land of bread and vineyards, a land of oil olive and of honey, that ye may live, and not die: and hearken not unto Hezekiah, when he persuadeth you, saying, The LORD will deliver us.


Rab-shakeh talked about the other groups of people the Assyrians defeated. He said that no gods helped the other people. He gave the names of the places the Assyrians defeated. They defeated Hamath, Arpad, Sepharvaim, Hena, Ivah, and Samaria. He said that no one helped them. He said that God will not save Jerusalem.
[33] Hath any of the gods of the nations delivered at all his land out of the hand of the king of Assyria?
[34] Where are the gods of Hamath, and of Arpad? where are the gods of Sepharvaim, Hena, and Ivah? have they delivered Samaria out of mine hand?
[35] Who are they among all the gods of the countries, that have delivered their country out of mine hand, that the LORD should deliver Jerusalem out of mine hand?

But the Jews kept quiet. They did not answer Rab-shakeh. They obeyed Hezekiah. Hezekiah told them not to answer.
[36] But the people held their peace, and answered him not a word: for the king's commandment was, saying, Answer him not.


Then the 3 Jerusalem men, Eliakim (his father was Hilkiah) , Shebna (the secretary), and the man who kept records, Joah (his father's name was Asaph), went to see Hezekiah. They tore their clothes to show they were very upset. They told Hezekiah what Rab-shakeh said.
[37] Then came Eliakim the son of Hilkiah, which was over the household, and Shebna the scribe, and Joah the son of Asaph the recorder, to Hezekiah with their clothes rent, and told him the words of Rab-shakeh.
 



2 Kings 19


God defeats the Assyrians.


They told Hezikiah what the man from Assyria said. Hezekiah was upset and tore his clothes. He put on very rough cloth. He went into God's temple.
[1] And it came to pass, when king Hezekiah heard it, that he rent his clothes, and covered himself with sackcloth, and went into the house of the LORD.


Hezekiah sent Eliakim, Shebna, and the leaders of the priests to see the prophet named Isaiah (his father's name was Amoz). The men wore rough cloth to show they were upset.

[2] And he sent Eliakim, which was over the household, and Shebna the scribe, and the elders of the priests, covered with sackcloth, to Isaiah the prophet the son of Amoz.


Hezekiah told them what to tell Isaiah. Hezekiah wants him to know that there is a lot of trouble and talking against God. He says that Judah is weak like a woman who is having a baby and is not strong enough.
[3] And they said unto him, Thus saith Hezekiah, This day is a day of trouble, and of rebuke, and blasphemy: for the children are come to the birth, and there is not strength to bring forth.


Hezekiah wants Isaiah to pray for Judah. He wants God to hear what Rab-shakeh said. He feels that if Isaiah prays, God will hear the Assyrian and God will do something to stop him from defeating the Jews.
[4] It may be the LORD thy God will hear all the words of Rab-shakeh, whom the king of Assyria his master hath sent to reproach the living God; and will reprove the words which the LORD thy God hath heard: wherefore lift up thy prayer for the remnant that are left.

 

King Hezekiah's men went to see Isaiah. Isaiah told them what to tell Hezekiah.  God said they should not be afraid. The Assyrian talked bad against God, but they should not worry.  God will make the Assyrian hear a rumor (story), and he will go back to Assyria. God will cause the Assyrian to die in the war.
[5] So the servants of king Hezekiah came to Isaiah.
[6] And Isaiah said unto them, Thus shall ye say to your master, Thus saith the LORD, Be not afraid of the words which thou hast heard, with which the servants of the king of Assyria have blasphemed me.
[7] Behold, I will send a blast upon him, and he shall hear a rumour, and shall return to his own land; and I will cause him to fall by the sword in his own land.


Rab-shakeh heard that the king of Assyria left Lachish and went to Libnah. So Rab-shakeh went to Libnah, too.
[8] So Rab-shakeh returned, and found the king of Assyria warring against Libnah: for he had heard that he was departed from Lachish.


The king of Assyria heard that the king of Ethiopia, Tirhakah, was coming to fight against him.  He sent messengers back to Hezekiah. He told the messengers what to say. He wanted to tell Hezekiah that God is fooling him.  God says that He will save Jerusalem from the Assyrians. But the king of Assyria says that the Assyrians have already destroyed many other places. He says God won't save Jerusalem.
[9] And when he heard say of Tirhakah king of Ethiopia, Behold, he is come out to fight against thee: he sent messengers again unto Hezekiah, saying,
[10] Thus shall ye speak to Hezekiah king of Judah, saying, Let not thy God in whom thou trustest deceive thee, saying, Jerusalem shall not be delivered into the hand of the king of Assyria.
[11] Behold, thou hast heard what the kings of Assyria have done to all lands, by destroying them utterly: and shalt thou be delivered?


The Assyrian king named the places that the Assyrians already destroyed. The places were:  Gozan, Haran, Rezeph, Thelasar, Hamath, Arpad, Sehparvaim, Hena, and Ivah. He said their gods did not save them.

[12] Have the gods of the nations delivered them which my fathers have destroyed; as Gozan, and Haran, and Rezeph, and the children of Eden which were in Thelasar?
[13] Where is the king of Hamath, and the king of Arpad, and the king of the city of Sepharvaim, of Hena, and Ivah?


Hezekiah got the letter from the messengers and read it. Then he went to God's temple. He opened the letter so God could see it.
[14] And Hezekiah received the letter of the hand of the messengers, and read it: and Hezekiah went up into the house of the LORD, and spread it before the LORD.


Hezekiah prayed to God.  He said that God lives between the cherubims (angels). He is the only God of all of the places on earth. God made Heaven and earth.
[15] And Hezekiah prayed before the LORD, and said, O LORD God of Israel, which dwellest between the cherubims, thou art the God, even thou alone, of all the kingdoms of the earth: thou hast made heaven and earth.


Hezekiah asked Him to hear what he is saying. He asked Him to see the letter from Sennacherib the Assyrian king.  He said that Sennacherib sent messengers to talk negatively about God.
[16] LORD, bow down thine ear, and hear: open, LORD, thine eyes, and see: and hear the words of Sennacherib, which hath sent him to reproach the living God.


Hezekiah said that Assyria has destroyed other countries. They burned the statues of false gods. They were not real gods. They were statues made by men.
[17] Of a truth, LORD, the kings of Assyria have destroyed the nations and their lands,
[18] And have cast their gods into the fire: for they were no gods, but the work of men's hands, wood and stone: therefore they have destroyed them.


Hezekiah asked God to save Jerusalem. He said all of the other countries would know God was the only god.
[19] Now therefore, O LORD our God, I beseech thee, save thou us out of his hand, that all the kingdoms of the earth may know that thou art the LORD God, even thou only.


Isaiah sent a message to Hezekiah. He told Hezekiah that God said He heard his prayer about Sennacherib, the king of Assyria.
[20] Then Isaiah the son of Amoz sent to Hezekiah, saying, Thus saith the LORD God of Israel, That which thou hast prayed to me against Sennacherib king of Assyria I have heard.


This is what God said to Sennacherib.  He said that Jerusalem hates Sennacherib. The people laugh at him. They shake their heads at him.
[21] This is the word that the LORD hath spoken concerning him; The virgin the daughter of Zion hath despised thee, and laughed thee to scorn; the daughter of Jerusalem hath shaken her head at thee.


God said that Sennacherib has talked badly against God.  He said bad things about God.
[22] Whom hast thou reproached and blasphemed? and against whom hast thou exalted thy voice, and lifted up thine eyes on high? even against the Holy One of Israel.


Sennacherib's messengers talked badly about God.  They said Sennacherib defeated many places in Israel. They said that Sennacherib said good things about himself. He said that he defeated places in the mountains and in the area of Lebanon. He said he cut down tall cedar trees in Lebanon. He said he cut down the best fir trees.  He said he will go into the forest of Carmel (near Jerusalem).
[23] By the messengers thou hast reproached the Lord, and hast said, With the multitude of my chariots I am come up to the height of the mountains, to the sides of Lebanon, and will cut down the tall cedar trees thereof, and the choice fir trees thereof: and I will enter into the lodgings of his borders, and into the forest of his Carmel.


Sennacherib said he dug wells and drank water. He said he made rivers dry up in the places he defeated.
[24] I have digged and drunk strange waters, and with the sole of my feet have I dried up all the rivers of besieged places.


God said that He let these things happen.  He let Sennacherib defeat many places and destroy cities.
[25] Hast thou not heard long ago how I have done it, and of ancient times that I have formed it? now have I brought it to pass, that thou shouldest be to lay waste fenced cities into ruinous heaps.


The people in those places were confused and upset. There were weak like grass in a field. They were destroyed like sun destroys grass on a roof and young corn plants.
[26] Therefore their inhabitants were of small power, they were dismayed and confounded; they were as the grass of the field, and as the green herb, as the grass on the housetops, and as corn blasted before it be grown up.


God said that He knows everything about Sennacherib. God knows Sennacherib is angry. God heard the bad things that Sennacherib said about Him. God will control Sennacherib. God will make him go back home the same way he came to Judah.
[27] But I know thy abode, and thy going out, and thy coming in, and thy rage against me.
[28] Because thy rage against me and thy tumult is come up into mine ears, therefore I will put my hook in thy nose, and my bridle in thy lips, and I will turn thee back by the way by which thou camest.


God said that Hezekiah will see this sign.  For this year and next year, they will eat things that grow by themselves.  In the 3rd year, they will plant their gardens and plant grapes. They will eat the food that grows.
[29] And this shall be a sign unto thee, Ye shall eat this year such things as grow of themselves, and in the second year that which springeth of the same; and in the third year sow ye, and reap, and plant vineyards, and eat the fruits thereof.


The people who are left in the tribe of Judah will become strong again. They will be like trees with strong roots and good fruit on the branches. God will help them become strong again.
[30] And the remnant that is escaped of the house of Judah shall yet again take root downward, and bear fruit upward.
[31] For out of Jerusalem shall go forth a remnant, and they that escape out of mount Zion: the zeal of the LORD of hosts shall do this.


God said this about the Assyrian king, Sennacherib.  He will not come into Jerusalem.  He will not shoot any arrows there. He will not use his shield there or do anything there.
[32] Therefore thus saith the LORD concerning the king of Assyria, He shall not come into this city, nor shoot an arrow there, nor come before it with shield, nor cast a bank against it.
 

He will leave the same way he came. God said he will not come into Jerusalem. God will save Jerusalem. It is God's city, and He will save it for Himself and David.
[33] By the way that he came, by the same shall he return, and shall not come into this city, saith the LORD.
[34] For I will defend this city, to save it, for mine own sake, and for my servant David's sake.
 

God's angel kills the Assyrian soldiers
Picture from:Religion in the Home (Part 5), The Divided Kingdom,
by Charlotte M. Yonge
Illustrated by Julius Schnorr Von Karolsfeld, Published by George W. Bertron, 1913

From the LaVistaChurchof Christ web site.

That night, God's angel went into the Assyrian army camp. The angel killed 185,000 Assyrian soldiers. When they Assyrians woke up in the morning, they saw all of the dead soldiers.
[35] And it came to pass that night, that the angel of the LORD went out, and smote in the camp of the Assyrians an hundred fourscore and five thousand: and when they arose early in the morning, behold, they were all dead corpses.


Sennacherib left and went back to Assyria. He stayed at the city named Nineveh.
[36] So Sennacherib king of Assyria departed, and went and returned, and dwelt at Nineveh.


Later, Sennacherib was worshiping his false god, Nisroch. His sons, Adrammelech and Sharezer, killed him with swords.  They escaped and went to the country named Armenia. Sennacherib's other son, Esar-haddon, became the new king of Assyria.
[37] And it came to pass, as he was worshipping in the house of Nisroch his god, that Adrammelech and Sharezer his sons smote him with the sword: and they escaped into the land of Armenia. And Esar-haddon his son reigned in his stead.
 


 

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