Workers For Jesus Online Bible Study Table of Contents

About this Bible Study........The King James Version of the Bible is written in a beautiful form of the English language. It can be hard for modern English readers to understand.  In this study, you will find notes and summaries in brown just above the the verses from the Bible. We recommend that you read the notes and summaries first, and then read the verses in their KJV form. 


The Books of 1 Kings and 2 Kings

The books of 1 Kings and 2 Kings were originally one book. They were probably separated into 2 books so they would be easier to copy by hand.

1 Kings and 2 Kings were written 561 - 538 years before Jesus Christ was born. They cover David's death, David's son, Solomon, and his time as king, the kings after Solomon, and the other groups of people who came and carried the Israelites away to other countries.

The books were written for 2 reasons:
1. To review the history for the exiles (the Israelites who lived in other countries).
2. To show the exiles why they were carried away.
 


Bible Timeline
 
Here is a good timeline to see the book of 2 Kings in the history of the Bible
http://www.sundayschoolresources.com/timeline.htm


 


2 Kings 11 - 13

Seven year old Joash becomes Judah's new king.
The prophet, Elisha, dies.
Syria controls Israel, and then Israel breaks free.

 


 

Ahaziah was the king of Judah. Jehu killed Ahaziah back in chapter 9.  After Ahaziah died, one of his sons would have been the new king. But Athaliah wanted to be queen.

2 Kings 11


Seven year old Joash becomes Judah's new king.
 

Ahaziah's mother was named Athaliah. She heard that her son was dead. She wanted to be queen, so she killed all of Ahaziah's sons (her own grandsons).
[1] And when Athaliah the mother of Ahaziah saw that her son was dead, she arose and destroyed all the seed royal.



But Ahaziah's sister, Jehosheba, hid one of Ahaziah's sons. The son's name was Joash. Jehosheba hid Joash and his nurse.
[2] But Jehosheba, the daughter of king Joram, sister of Ahaziah, took Joash the son of Ahaziah and stole him from among the king's sons which were slain; and they hid him, even him and his nurse, in the bedchamber from Athaliah, so that he was not slain.
 


The kings of divided Israel
(dates are not exact)
 
King of Israel
(northern part)
King of Judah
(southern part)
Year started King's name Year started King's name

922 B.C.  

Jeroboam

922 B.C.

Rehoboam
       
   

915 B.C.

Abijam

 

 

913 B.C.

Asa

900 B.C.

Nadab    

897 B.C.

Baasha    

887 B.C.

Elah    

886 B.C.

Zimri    

882 B.C.

Omri    

870 B.C.

Ahab    

 

 

872 B.C.

Jehoshaphat

855 B.C.

Ahaziah    
The next 2 kings are both named Jehoram,
but they are not the same person. The exact dates of when they began to be kings are not known.
   

849 B.C

Jehoshaphat and Jehoram (Also called Joram)

847 B.C

Jehoram
(Also called Joram)

.

 
    835 B.C. Ahaziah

842-813 B.C.

Jehu 834 B.C. Athaliah (queen)
    828 B.C. Joash
813 B.C. Jehoahaz    

Joash and his nurse hid in God's temple for 6 years.  During those 6 years, Athaliah was the queen of Judah.
[3] And he was with her hid in the house of the LORD six years. And Athaliah did reign over the land.

Jehoiada was a priest. He was also Athaliah's son-in-law. Jehoiada was married to Athaliah's daughter (Ahaziah's sister), Jehosheba.


Athaliah had been queen for 6 years. In year 7, Jehoida asked many of the army leaders to come to God's temple.  They promised to help Jehoiada and obey God. Then Jehoiada showed them Joash.
[4] And the seventh year Jehoiada sent and fetched the rulers over hundreds, with the captains and the guard, and brought them to him into the house of the LORD, and made a covenant with them, and took an oath of them in the house of the LORD, and shewed them the king's son.

The guards of the temple

There were 24 groups of guards. Some of the them guarded inside the temple, and some guarded outside. They took turns guarding inside. The groups switched on the Sabbath.


Jehoiada told the army leaders what to do. They should divide into3 groups. One group will come into the temple on the Sabbath day. They will guard the temple from the inside.  Another group will guard at the Sur gate.  The last group will guard behind the 2nd group. They will make sure the temple is not destroyed.
[5] And he commanded them, saying, This is the thing that ye shall do; A third part of you that enter in on the sabbath shall even be keepers of the watch of the king's house;
[6] And a third part shall be at the gate of Sur; and a third part at the gate behind the guard: so shall ye keep the watch of the house, that it be not broken down.


The groups that leave on the Sabbath should help guard the outside of the temple.
[7] And two parts of all you that go forth on the sabbath, even they shall keep the watch of the house of the LORD about the king.


The soldiers will be armed (have weapons). They will stand guard around the king. If anyone tries to get close to the king, the soldiers will kill them. The soldiers will guard the king everywhere he goes.
[8] And ye shall compass the king around about, every man with his weapons in his hand: and he that cometh within the ranges, let him be slain: and be ye with the king as he goeth out and as he cometh in.


The army leaders did what Jehoiada said. They brought their soldiers to him. Jehoiada gave spears and shields from David's time to the leaders in the temple. The soldiers held the weapons and guarded the king. There were soldiers from the right corner to the left corner of the temple. There were soldiers by the altar.
[9] And the captains over the hundreds did according to all things that Jehoiada the priest commanded: and they took every man his men that were to come in on the sabbath, with them that should go out on the sabbath, and came to Jehoiada the priest.
[10] And to the captains over hundreds did the priest give king David's spears and shields, that were in the temple of the LORD.
[11] And the guard stood, every man with his weapons in his hand, round about the king, from the right corner of the temple to the left corner of the temple, along by the altar and the temple.
 

Jehoiada makes Joash the new king.

Image from
The Bible in Pictures
The New Bible Symbols

by M. Bihn & J. Bealings
1922, The John A. Hertel Company
From
Creationism.org

Jehoiada brought Joash out. He put the king's crown on his head. He gave Joash the book of the laws. They put special oil on him and made him the new king.  All of the people clapped their hands. They asked God to protect the new king.
[12] And he brought forth the king's son, and put the crown upon him, and gave him the testimony; and they made him king, and anointed him; and they clapped their hands, and said, God save the king.

The queen, Athaliah,  heard the noise of the soldiers and the crowd.  She went to the temple.
[13] And when Athaliah heard the noise of the guard and of the people, she came to the people into the temple of the LORD.


Athaliah saw the new king standing by a pillar (large pole).  There were princes and people playing trumpets by him. The people were happy and blowing the trumpets. Athaliah saw that Joash was the new king. She was very upset. She tore her clothes and said they were traitors (loyal to her then became loyal to the new king).
[14] And when she looked, behold, the king stood by a pillar, as the manner was, and the princes and the trumpeters by the king, and all the people of the land rejoiced, and blew with trumpets: and Athaliah rent her clothes, and cried, Treason, Treason.


Jehoiada, the priest, told the army leaders to take Athaliah out of the temple and kill her. He did not want her to be killed inside the temple.
[15] But Jehoiada the priest commanded the captains of the hundreds, the officers of the host, and said unto them, Have her forth without the ranges: and him that followeth her kill with the sword. For the priest had said, Let her not be slain in the house of the LORD.


They caught her and took her out of the temple. They took her out the door that was used by the horses. Then they killed her.
[16] And they laid hands on her; and she went by the way by the which the horses came into the king's house: and there was she slain.


Jehoiada made a promise or agreement between God and the new king, Joash.  The king and the people in Judah will be God's people. He also made an agreement between the new king and all of the people.
[17] And Jehoiada made a covenant between the LORD and the king and the people that they should be the LORD's people; between the king also and the people.


The people went to the worship place for the false god, Baal. They tore it down and broke all of the altars and statues.  They killed the Baal priest named Mattan. Then Jehoiada picked leaders of the temple.
[18] And all the people of the land went into the house of Baal, and brake it down; his altars and his images brake they in pieces thoroughly, and slew Mattan the priest of Baal before the altars. And the priest appointed officers over the house of the LORD.


Jehoiada, the army leaders, and the people of Judah brought Joash down from the temple. They went through the gate and into the king's palace. Then Joash sat on the throne.
[19] And he took the rulers over hundreds, and the captains, and the guard, and all the people of the land; and they brought down the king from the house of the LORD, and came by the way of the gate of the guard to the king's house. And he sat on the throne of the kings.


They had killed Athaliah with a sword beside the king's house. The people were now happy, and Jerusalem was quiet.
[20] And all the people of the land rejoiced, and the city was in quiet: and they slew Athaliah with the sword beside the king's house.
 

Joash was 7 years old when he became king.
[21] Seven years old was Jehoash when he began to reign.
 



2 Kings 12


King Joash fixes the temple.

 

The kings of divided Israel
(dates are not exact)
 
King of Israel
(northern part)
King of Judah
(southern part)
Year started King's name Year started King's name

922 B.C.  

Jeroboam

922 B.C.

Rehoboam
       
   

915 B.C.

Abijam

 

 

913 B.C.

Asa

900 B.C.

Nadab    

897 B.C.

Baasha    

887 B.C.

Elah    

886 B.C.

Zimri    

882 B.C.

Omri    

870 B.C.

Ahab    

 

 

872 B.C.

Jehoshaphat

855 B.C.

Ahaziah    
The next 2 kings are both named Jehoram,
but they are not the same person. The exact dates of when they began to be kings are not known.
   

849 B.C

Jehoshaphat and Jehoram (Also called Joram)

847 B.C

Jehoram
(Also called Joram)

.

 
    835 B.C. Ahaziah

842-813 B.C.

Jehu 834 B.C. Athaliah (queen)
    833 B.C. Joash
813 B.C. Jehoahaz    

When Jehu had been king of Israel for 7 years, Joash became king of Judah. He was king for 40 years. He lived in Jerusalem.  Joash's mother's name was Zibiah (she was from the area named Beer-sheba).
[1] In the seventh year of Jehu, Jehoash began to reign; and forty years reigned he in Jerusalem. And his mother's name was Zibiah of Beer-sheba.


Jehoiada the priest taught Joash the right things to do. While Jehoiada was helping him, Joash obeyed God.
[2] And Jehoash did that which was right in the sight of the LORD all his days wherein Jehoiada the priest instructed him.


But some of the places were people worshiped false gods were not destroyed. Some people continued to make sacrifices and burn incense.
[3] But the high places were not taken away: the people still sacrificed and burnt incense in the high places.


Joash talked to the priests about money that was given to the temple. Some of the money was from taxes and some was from donations.  Joash wanted all of the money to help pay for temple repairs.
[4] And Jehoash said to the priests, All the money of the dedicated things that is brought into the house of the LORD, even the money of every one that passeth the account, the money that every man is set at, and all the money that cometh into any man's heart to bring into the house of the LORD,
[5] Let the priests take it to them, every man of his acquaintance: and let them repair the breaches of the house, wheresoever any breach shall be found.


Joash had been king for 23 years, but the temple had still not been repaired. Joash called Jehoida and the other priests. They were responsible for repairing the temple, but it was not done. From now on, the priests will give their money for the temple.
[6] But it was so, that in the three and twentieth year of king Jehoash the priests had not repaired the breaches of the house.
[7] Then king Jehoash called for Jehoiada the priest, and the other priests , and said unto them, Why repair ye not the breaches of the house? now therefore receive no more money of your acquaintance, but deliver it for the breaches of the house.




The priests will not receive any more money from the people. The priests will not be responsible for fixing the temple.
[8] And the priests consented to receive no more money of the people, neither to repair the breaches of the house.


Jehoiada got a box and made a hole in the top. He set the box by the altar. He set it on the right side where people came into the temple.  The priests who stood by the door put all of the money into the box. 
[9] But Jehoiada the priest took a chest, and bored a hole in the lid of it, and set it beside the altar, on the right side as one cometh into the house of the LORD: and the priests that kept the door put therein all the money that was brought into the house of the LORD.


When the box was full, the king's secretary and the high priest got the money out of the box. They counted it and put it into bags. They gave the money to the workers for fixing the temple. They gave the money to the supervisors of the work, to the carpenters and builders, and to the workers who cut rock and made walls with rocks and bricks.  They used the money to buy wood and stone to fix the temple.  All of the money in the box was used to fix the temple.   
[10] And it was so, when they saw that there was much money in the chest, that the king's scribe and the high priest came up, and they put up in bags, and told the money that was found in the house of the LORD.
[11] And they gave the money, being told, into the hands of them that did the work, that had the oversight of the house of the LORD: and they laid it out to the carpenters and builders, that wrought upon the house of the LORD,
[12] And to masons, and hewers of stone, and to buy timber and hewed stone to repair the breaches of the house of the LORD, and for all that was laid out for the house to repair it.


They did not use the money to make items for the temple. They did not use the money to make silver and gold bowls, trumpets, or snuffers (to put out candles). They gave all of the money to the men fixing the temple.
[13] Howbeit there were not made for the house of the LORD bowls of silver, snuffers, basons, trumpets, any vessels of gold, or vessels of silver, of the money that was brought into the house of the LORD:
[14] But they gave that to the workmen, and repaired therewith the house of the LORD.


The king's secretary and the high priest trusted the workmen. After they gave them the money, they did not require them to show how it was spent.
[15] Moreover they reckoned not with the men, into whose hand they delivered the money to be bestowed on workmen: for they dealt faithfully.


Sometimes people gave money for sin and trespass offerings. This money did not go to fix the temple. The trespass and sin offering money went to the priests.
[16] The trespass money and sin money was not brought into the house of the LORD: it was the priests'.

 



Syria threatens to attack Jerusalem.
 

Hazael, the king of Syria, attacked and captured the area named Gath. Hazael planned to attack Jerusalem next.
[17] Then Hazael king of Syria went up, and fought against Gath, and took it: and Hazael set his face to go up to Jerusalem.
 

Joash collected all of the valuable items that were dedicated to God. He got the items that the kings before him--Jehoshaphat, Jehoram, Ahaziah, and his ancestors--had given for God's work. He also collected the gold that was kept in the temple and in his own house. He sent all of this to Hazael. Then Hazael left and did not attack Jerusalem.
[18] And Jehoash king of Judah took all the hallowed things that Jehoshaphat, and Jehoram, and Ahaziah, his fathers, kings of Judah, had dedicated, and his own hallowed things, and all the gold that was found in the treasures of the house of the LORD, and in the king's house, and sent it to Hazael king of Syria: and he went away from Jerusalem.
 



Joash is murdered.


Joash did other things while he was king of Judah. The book about the kings of Judah tells about the other things he did. Some of Joash's helpers (Jozachar and Jehozabad) worked together to kill him.  They killed him in the place named Millo. It was near the road that went to the place named Silla. Joash was buried in Jerusalem. Then Joash's son, Amaziah, became the new king.
[19] And the rest of the acts of Joash, and all that he did, are they not written in the book of the chronicles of the kings of Judah?
[20] And his servants arose, and made a conspiracy, and slew Joash in the house of Millo, which goeth down to Silla.
[21] For Jozachar the son of Shimeath, and Jehozabad the son of Shomer, his servants, smote him, and he died; and they buried him with his fathers in the city of David: and Amaziah his son reigned in his stead.


The kings of divided Israel
(dates are not exact)
 
King of Israel
(northern part)
King of Judah
(southern part)
Year started King's name Year started King's name

922 B.C.  

Jeroboam

922 B.C.

Rehoboam
       
   

915 B.C.

Abijam

 

 

913 B.C.

Asa

900 B.C.

Nadab    

897 B.C.

Baasha    

887 B.C.

Elah    

886 B.C.

Zimri    

882 B.C.

Omri    

870 B.C.

Ahab    

 

 

872 B.C.

Jehoshaphat

855 B.C.

Ahaziah    
The next 2 kings are both named Jehoram,
but they are not the same person. The exact dates of when they began to be kings are not known.
   

849 B.C

Jehoshaphat and Jehoram (Also called Joram)

847 B.C

Jehoram
(Also called Joram)

.

 
    835 B.C. Ahaziah

842-813 B.C.

Jehu 834 B.C. Athaliah (queen)
    833 B.C. Joash
813 B.C. Jehoahaz    
      Amaziah
796 B.C. Joash (not the same person as the king of Judah)    


 



2 Kings 13


King Jehoahaz of Israel


When Joash was the king of Judah for 23 years, Jehu's son, Jehoahaz became the king of Israel. He lived in the area of Samaria. He was king for 17 years.

[1] In the three and twentieth year of Joash the son of Ahaziah king of Judah Jehoahaz the son of Jehu began to reign over Israel in Samaria, and reigned seventeen years.


Jehoahaz did bad things in God's eyes.  He sinned the same as Jeroboam (Jeroboam's father's name was Nebat). He caused Israel to sin.
[2] And he did that which was evil in the sight of the LORD, and followed the sins of Jeroboam the son of Nebat, which made Israel to sin; he departed not therefrom.


God was very angry at Israel.  God allowed Hazael and Ben-hadad, the kings of Syria, to capture Israel.

[3] And the anger of the LORD was kindled against Israel, and he delivered them into the hand of Hazael king of Syria, and into the hand of Ben-hadad the son of Hazael, all their days.


Jehoahaz prayed to God, and God listened to him. God saw that the king of Syria was ruling over them.  God sent someone to save Israel. Then they were not ruled by the Syrians.  They lived in tents safely like they did before (when they were having war, they had to live inside cities with walls).
[4] And Jehoahaz besought the LORD, and the LORD hearkened unto him: for he saw the oppression of Israel, because the king of Syria oppressed them.
[5] (And the LORD gave Israel a saviour, so that they went out from under the hand of the Syrians: and the children of Israel dwelt in their tents, as beforetime.


But the Israelites continued to sin. They behaved the same as Jeroboam.  There was still a grove of trees for the false god, Asherah, in Samaria.
[6] Nevertheless they departed not from the sins of the house of Jeroboam, who made Israel sin, but walked therein: and there remained the grove also in Samaria.)


After the Syrians left Israel, the Israelites did not have a lot of soldiers and army equipment left. They had only 50 soldiers riding on horses, 10 chariots, and 10,000 soldiers who walked.
[7] Neither did he leave of the people to Jehoahaz but fifty horsemen, and ten chariots, and ten thousand footmen; for the king of Syria had destroyed them, and had made them like the dust by threshing.


Jehoahaz was strong and did other things while he was king of Israel. The book about the kings of Israel tells about the other things he did.
[8] Now the rest of the acts of Jehoahaz, and all that he did, and his might, are they not written in the book of the chronicles of the kings of Israel?


Jehoahaz died and was buried with his ancestors in Samaria.  Then his son, Joash, became the new king.
[9] And Jehoahaz slept with his fathers; and they buried him in Samaria: and Joash his son reigned in his stead.
 



King Joash of Israel



When Joash was king of Judah for 37 years, Jehoahaz's son, Joash (also spelled Jehoash) began to be king of Israel. He was king for 16 years.

[10] In the thirty and seventh year of Joash king of Judah began Jehoash the son of Jehoahaz to reign over Israel in Samaria, and reigned sixteen years.


Joash of Israel did bad things. He did not obey God. He sinned the same as Jeroboam. Jeroboam made Israel sin back when he was king.
[11] And he did that which was evil in the sight of the LORD; he departed not from all the sins of Jeroboam the son of Nebat, who made Israel sin: but he walked therein.
 


The kings of divided Israel
(dates are not exact)
 
King of Israel
(northern part)
King of Judah
(southern part)
Year started King's name Year started King's name

922 B.C.  

Jeroboam

922 B.C.

Rehoboam
       
   

915 B.C.

Abijam

 

 

913 B.C.

Asa

900 B.C.

Nadab    

897 B.C.

Baasha    

887 B.C.

Elah    

886 B.C.

Zimri    

882 B.C.

Omri    

870 B.C.

Ahab    

 

 

872 B.C.

Jehoshaphat

855 B.C.

Ahaziah    
The next 2 kings are both named Jehoram,
but they are not the same person. The exact dates of when they began to be kings are not known.
   

849 B.C

Jehoshaphat and Jehoram (Also called Joram)

847 B.C

Jehoram
(Also called Joram)

.

 
    835 B.C. Ahaziah

842-813 B.C.

Jehu 834 B.C. Athaliah (queen)
    833 B.C. Joash
813 B.C. Jehoahaz    
      Amaziah
796 B.C. Joash (not the same person as the king of Judah)    
  Jeroboam    

The book about the kings of Israel tells more about Joash.  It tells about the things he did. He was strong and fought a war against Judah's king, Amaziah.  Then Joash died and his son, Jeroboam, became the new king.  Joash was buried in Samaria with the other kings of Israel.
[12] And the rest of the acts of Joash, and all that he did, and his might wherewith he fought against Amaziah king of Judah, are they not written in the book of the chronicles of the kings of Israel?
[13] And Joash slept with his fathers; and Jeroboam sat upon his throne: and Joash was buried in Samaria with the kings of Israel.

 



The prophet Elisha dies.


Elisah became sick (this happened before the Israelite king, Joash, died).   Joash came to see Elisha.  He said the same thing to Elisha that Elisha said to Elijah when Elijah was going up to Heaven.

From 2 Kings 2, verse 12

As they (Elijah and Elisha) walked and talked, a chariot and horses made of fire appeared. The fire made Elisha and Elijah  move apart. Then Elijah was in the chariot of fire and went up into Heaven.
[11] And it came to pass, as they still went on, and talked, that, behold, there appeared a chariot of fire, and horses of fire, and parted them both asunder; and Elijah went up by a whirlwind into heaven.


Elisha said loudly that he saw Elijah,  Israel's chariot, horses, and horse soldiers going up into Heaven.  Then they were gone. He was very sad and tore his clothes to show his sadness.
[12] And Elisha saw it, and he cried, My father, my father, the chariot of Israel, and the horsemen thereof. And he saw him no more: and he took hold of his own clothes, and rent them in two pieces.

 

[14] Now Elisha was fallen sick of his sickness whereof he died. And Joash the king of Israel came down unto him, and wept over his face, and said, O my father, my father, the chariot of Israel, and the horsemen thereof.


Elisha told Joash to go get a bow and some arrows. Joash got a bow and some arrows. Elisha told him to put his hand on the bow. Then Elisha put his hands on Joash's hands.
[15] And Elisha said unto him, Take bow and arrows. And he took unto him bow and arrows.
[16] And he said to the king of Israel, Put thine hand upon the bow. And he put his hand upon it: and Elisha put his hands upon the king's hands.


Elisha told Joash to open the window that faced east. Joash opened the window. Then Elisha told him to shoot the arrows.  Joash shot the arrows. Elisha said that the arrows were symbols of God's help. God will help the Israelites defeat the Syrians in the place name Aphek.
[17] And he said, Open the window eastward. And he opened it. Then Elisha said, Shoot. And he shot. And he said, The arrow of the LORD's deliverance, and the arrow of deliverance from Syria: for thou shalt smite the Syrians in Aphek, till thou have consumed them.


Elisha told Joash to pick up the arrows and hit them on the ground. Joash picked them up and hit them on the ground 3 times.

[18] And he said, Take the arrows. And he took them. And he said unto the king of Israel, Smite upon the ground. And he smote thrice, and stayed.
 

Image from The Bible in Pictures , The New Bible Symbols
by M. Bihn & J. Bealings, 1922, The John A. Hertel Company
From
Creationism.org

Elisha was mad at Joash. He said Joash should have hit the ground 5 or 6 times. If he had hit the ground 5 or 6 times, Joash would have totally defeated Syria. But since he only hit the ground 3 times, the Israelites will only defeat Syria 3 times.
[19] And the man of God was wroth with him, and said, Thou shouldest have smitten five or six times; then hadst thou smitten Syria till thou hadst consumed it: whereas now thou shalt smite Syria but thrice.


Elisha died, and the Israelites buried him.  When the next year began, the group of people named the Moabites invaded Israel.
[20] And Elisha died, and they buried him. And the bands of the Moabites invaded the land at the coming in of the year.


Some time later, some Israelites were burying a man who died. They saw some men coming toward them. They put the dead man into the tomb with Elisha's body.  When the dead man touched Elisha's bones, the man became alive again and stood up.

 

Image from The Bible in Pictures , The New Bible Symbols
by M. Bihn & J. Bealings, 1922, The John A. Hertel Company
From
Creationism.org

[21] And it came to pass, as they were burying a man, that, behold, they spied a band of men; and they cast the man into the sepulchre of Elisha: and when the man was let down, and touched the bones of Elisha, he revived, and stood up on his feet.

Image from The Bible in Pictures , The New Bible Symbols
by M. Bihn & J. Bealings, 1922, The John A. Hertel Company
From
Creationism.org


Israel is controlled by Syria, then breaks free.



The king of Syria was named Hazael. Hazael controlled Israel during all of the time of the Israelite king, Jehoahaz.

[22] But Hazael king of Syria oppressed Israel all the days of Jehoahaz.


God was good to Israel and helped them because He made a promise to Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob.  God would not destroy the Israelites. He would also not send them away from Him.
[23] And the LORD was gracious unto them, and had compassion on them, and had respect unto them, because of his covenant with Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob, and would not destroy them, neither cast he them from his presence as yet.


The Syrian king, Hazael, died. Then his son, Ben-hadad, became the new king.
[24] So Hazael king of Syria died; and Ben-hadad his son reigned in his stead.


The son of Jehoahaz was named Joash. Joash got the Israelite cities back from Ben-hadad. These were the cities that Syria took when Jehoahaz was the king of Israel. Joash defeated the Syrians 3 times and got the cities back.
[25] And Jehoash the son of Jehoahaz took again out of the hand of Ben-hadad the son of Hazael the cities, which he had taken out of the hand of Jehoahaz his father by war. Three times did Joash beat him, and recovered the cities of Israel.
 

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