Workers For Jesus Online Bible Study

The Book of 2 Chronicles
 


Timeline of the Bible


God creates the world. --- God destroys the world with the flood, but saves  Noah and his family.---
 God chooses Abraham and his descendants to His people. ---Abraham's grandson, Jacob, has 12 sons who lead the 12 tribes of Israel.--- The Israelites become slaves in Egypt.--- God helps the Israelites escape and leads them to Canaan. ---The Israelites fight in wars and take control of Canaan.---Judges lead the Israelites, but the Israelites want to have kings instead of judges. ----  David is Israel's greatest king. - This book of the Bible covers this time-- Israel divides into 2 parts: Israel and Judah.--- The people of Israel and Judah continue to sin and worship false gods.--- God allows the Assyrians and the Babylonians to take the Israelites out of Israel and Judah.---   The Israelites (Jews) live in Babylonia and then Persia. --- When Persia defeats the Babylonians, the Jews go back to Judah.---   The Jews build God's Temple in Jerusalem again.--- Greece defeats Persia, and the Greeks control Judah (also now called Israel).--- The Jews become independent for 100 years.-- The Romans take control of Israel.---Jesus is born. At age 30, Jesus begins his ministry. ---Jesus is crucified and then is resurrected. --- A Roman named Saul is converted to Christianity and becomes Paul.--- Christianity spreads. --  Paul write letters to Christians in other places.In the year, 70 A.D., God's Temple in Jerusalem is destroyed again.


 


2 Chronicles

There are two books of Chronicles: 1 Chronicles and 2 Chronicles. They contain records from the time of Adam to the time when the Jewish people returned from the Babylonian captivity.

The book of 1 Chronicles starts with Adam and tells the family history (genealogy) of Saul and David.  The second part of 1 Chronicles tells about the time when David was the king of Israel.

The book of 2 Chronicles tells about the time when David's son, Solomon, was the king of Israel.  The second part of 2 Chronicles tells about the other kings who ruled Israel until the Jews were taken away to Babylonia.  The book ends with the Jews returning to Israel.

 




 


2 Chronicles 7 -9

The feast after Solomon built the temple
Solomon and the dream about the temple
Other things Solomon did while he was king.
The Queen of Sheba visits Solomon.
Solomon dies, and his son, Rehoboam, becomes the new king.

 


 

2 Chronicles 7

The feast after Solomon built the temple.

After Solomon finished praying, fire came down from heaven. The fire burned the offerings and sacrifices. The glory of the Lord filled the house.
[1] Now when Solomon had made an end of praying, the fire came down from heaven, and consumed the burnt offering and the sacrifices; and the glory of the LORD filled the house.


The priests could not go into the Lord's house because the glory of the Lord filled the house.

[2] And the priests could not enter into the house of the LORD, because the glory of the LORD had filled the LORD's house.


When the Israelites saw the fire come down and the glory of the Lord fill the house, they bowed down. They put their faces to the ground and worshipped. They praised God. They said, "God is good, and His mercy endures forever."

[3] And when all the children of Israel saw how the fire came down, and the glory of the LORD upon the house, they bowed themselves with their faces to the ground upon the pavement, and worshipped, and praised the LORD, saying, For he is good; for his mercy endureth for ever.


Then, the king and all of the people offered sacrifices to God.

[4] Then the king and all the people offered sacrifices before the LORD.


King Solomon sacrificed 22,000 oxen and 120,000 sheep. The king and the people dedicated God's house.

[5] And king Solomon offered a sacrifice of twenty and two thousand oxen, and an hundred and twenty thousand sheep: so the king and all the people dedicated the house of God.


The priests waited in their places.  The Levites played music on instruments. They played God's music on the instruments that David had made.  While they were playing music, all of the Israelites stood up.

[6] And the priests waited on their offices: the Levites also with instruments of musick of the LORD, which David the king had made to praise the LORD, because his mercy endureth for ever, when David praised by their ministry; and the priests sounded trumpets before them, and all Israel stood.
 

There were too many offerings for the brass altar.  So, Solomon made another area in the middle to use for sacrifices.
[7] Moreover Solomon hallowed the middle of the court that was before the house of the LORD: for there he offered burnt offerings, and the fat of the peace offerings, because the brasen altar which Solomon had made was not able to receive the burnt offerings, and the meat offerings, and the fat.

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They celebrated the feast for 7 days. All of Israel celebrated with Solomon. It was a very big crowd. They came from far away even near Egypt.
[8] Also at the same time Solomon kept the feast seven days, and all Israel with him, a very great congregation, from the entering in of Hamath unto the river of Egypt.


On the 8th day, they worshiped God. They dedicated the altar for 7 days, and they had the feast for 7 days.

[9] And in the eighth day they made a solemn assembly: for they kept the dedication of the altar seven days, and the feast seven days.


On the 23rd day of the 7th month, Solomon sent the people back home. The people were happy that the Lord God was good to David, Solomon, and His people, the Israelites.

[10] And on the three and twentieth day of the seventh month he sent the people away into their tents, glad and merry in heart for the goodness that the LORD had shewed unto David, and to Solomon, and to Israel his people.


So, Solomon finished the Lord's temple and a palace for himself. He made everything he could think of to make for the Lord's temple and his palace.
[11] Thus Solomon finished the house of the LORD, and the king's house: and all that came into Solomon's heart to make in the house of the LORD, and in his own house, he prosperously effected.

 



God accepts the temple as his house.


The Lord came to Solomon in a dream one night. He said, "I have heard your prayer. I have chosen this place for myself to receive sacrifices.
[12] And the LORD appeared to Solomon by night, and said unto him, I have heard thy prayer, and have chosen this place to myself for an house of sacrifice.


In the future, I may stop the rain. I may make the locusts (bugs) eat the food on the farms. I may send a virus to make My people sick.  If these things happen, maybe My people will call My name and pray to me.  They may stop doing bad things. Then, I will hear them from heaven. I will forgive their sins. I will make the land better and healthy.
[13] If I shut up heaven that there be no rain, or if I command the locusts to devour the land, or if I send pestilence among my people;
[14] If my people, which are called by my name, shall humble themselves, and pray, and seek my face, and turn from their wicked ways; then will I hear from heaven, and will forgive their sin, and will heal their land.
 

Now,  My eyes will be open, and My ears will hear You from this day on.
[15] Now mine eyes shall be open, and mine ears attent unto the prayer that is made in this place.

Now, I have chosen this house and made it clean. My name will be there forever.  My eyes and My heart will be there always.
[16] For now have I chosen and sanctified this house, that my name may be there for ever: and mine eyes and mine heart shall be there perpetually.


And as for You, if you obey My laws like David did and keep all of my laws and rules, I will keep My promise. There will always be a descendant of David on the throne as king.

[17] And as for thee, if thou wilt walk before me, as David thy father walked, and do according to all that I have commanded thee, and shalt observe my statues and my judgments;
[18] Then will I stablish the throne of thy kingdom, according as I have covenanted with David thy father, saying, There shall not fail thee a man to be ruler in Israel.
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But if you don't obey My laws and you worship other gods, I will put the Israelites out of My land.  I will destroy the house You made for My name. People all over the world will hear about it.
[19] But if ye turn away, and forsake my statutes and my commandments, which I have set before you, and shall go and serve other gods, and worship them;
[20] Then will I pluck them up by the roots out of my land which I have given them; and this house, which I have sanctified for my name, will I cast out of my sight, and will make it to be a proverb and a byword among all nations.

People will see this house. They will ask why the Lord has done this to the land and to this temple.  People will tell them it was because the Israelites did not obey their Lord God. The Lord God brought them out of Egypt, but then they started to worship other gods.
[21] And this house, which is high, shall be an astonishment to every one that passeth by it; so that he shall say, Why hath the LORD done thus unto this land, and unto this house?
[22] And it shall be answered, Because they forsook the LORD God of their fathers, which brought them forth out of the land of Egypt, and laid hold on other gods, and worshipped them, and served them: therefore hath he brought all this evil upon them.
 



2 Chronicles 8

Things Solomon did after the temple was finished.


It took 20 years for Solomon to build the Lord's house and his own house. 

[1] And it came to pass at the end of twenty years, wherein Solomon had built the house of the LORD, and his own house,
 

1 Kings 9:10 tells how Solomon gave Hiram some cities to thank him for the Temple materials he sent.  But Hiram did not like the cities, and he gave them back to Solomon.

Then, Solomon fixed the cities that Huram gave back to him.  Some of the Israelites moved into those cities.
[2] That the cities which Huram had restored to Solomon, Solomon built them, and caused the children of Israel to dwell there.




Solomon went to the city of Hamath-zobah. He had a war with them, and he won.
|[3] And Solomon went to Hamath-zobah, and prevailed against it

 

He built these cities: Tadmor (in the wilderness) and the cities for storing things in Hamath.
[4] And he built Tadmor in the wilderness, and all the store cities, which he built in Hamath.


He also built the city of Beth-horon. The city had 2 parts. He built fences around the cities, walls, gates, and bars.

[5] Also he built Beth-horon the upper, and Beth-horon the nether, fenced cities, with walls, gates, and bars;


He built Baalath, more cities to store things, and cities for the chariots and horsemen. He built everything he wanted to build in Jerusalem, Lebanon, and all over the area that he ruled.

[6] And Baalath, and all the store cities that Solomon had, and all the chariot cities, and the cities of the horsemen, and all that Solomon desired to build in Jerusalem, and in Lebanon, and throughout all the land of his dominion.

The people who were not Israelites ( Hittites, Amorites, Perizzites, Hivites, and Jebusites) had to work for Solomon, even to the time that the Bible was written.
[7] As for all the people that were left of the Hittites, and the Amorites, and the Perizzites, and the Hivites, and the Jebusites, which were not of Israel,
[8] But of their children, who were left after them in the land, whom the children of Israel consumed not, them did Solomon make to pay tribute until this day.

But the Israelites did not have to be servants. The Israelite men were in Solomon's army.
[9] But of the children of Israel did Solomon make no servants for his work; but they were men of war, and chief of his captains, and captains of his chariots and horsemen.


250 leaders of King Solomon's army were in charge of the servants.
[10] And these were the chief of king Solomon's officers, even two hundred and fifty, that bare rule over the people.

Solomon brought his wife out of Jerusalem to the house he had built for her. She was Egyptian, the daughter of Pharaoh. Solomon said she could not live in the temple because the temple was holy. Then, Solomon offered burnt offerings. 

[11] And Sol  omon brought up the daughter of Pharaoh out of the city of David unto the house that he had built for her: for he said, My wife shall not dwell in the house of David king of Israel, because the places are holy, whereunto the ark of the LORD hath come.
[12] Then Solomon offered burnt offerings unto the LORD on the altar of the LORD, which he had built before the porch,


They offered offerings following the Law of Moses. They offered on the sabbath, on the new moon, 3 times a year, the feast of unleavened bread, the feast of weeks, and the feast of tabernacles.
 
[13] Even after a certain rate every day, offering according to the commandment of Moses, on the sabbaths, and on the new moons, and on the solemn feasts, three times in the year, even in the feast of .unleavened bread, and in the feast of weeks, and in the feast of tabernacles.


Solomon gave jobs according to David's orders.  He gave the priests their work.  He gave the Levites their job. Their job was to praise and minister to the priests. The porters worked at the gates. That is what David had ordered.
[14] And he appointed, according to the order of David his father, the courses of the priests to their service, and the Levites to their charges, to praise and minister before the priests, as the duty of every day required: the porters also by their courses at every gate: for so had David the man of God commanded.

They all did their jobs and followed the instructions exactly.
[15] And they departed not from the commandment of the king unto the priests and Levites concerning any matter, or concerning the treasures.

Now, all of Solomon's work was finished The Lord's house was perfect.
[16] Now all the work of Solomon was prepared unto the day of the foundation of the house of the LORD, and until it was finished. So the house of the LORD was perfected.


Then, Solomon went to the areas of Ezion-geber and Eloth. These areas are by the sea in the area named Edom.

[17] Then went Solomon to Ezion-geber, and to Eloth, at the sea side in the land of Edom.

Huram sent servants and ships to the place named Ophir.  They got gold there and took it to King Solomon.

[18] And Huram sent him by the hands of his servants ships, and servants that had knowledge of the sea; and they went with the servants of Solomon to Ophir, and took thence four hundred and fifty talents of gold, and brought them to king Solomon.
 


2 Chronicles 9

The Queen of Sheba comes to visit Solomon.

Solomon and the Queen of Sheba
By Giovanni Demin (1789-1859) 

Picture from wikipedia.com

The Queen of Sheba came from Africa, possibly Ethiopia.  She was very intelligent and came to see King Solomon because she heard that he was very smart.
 


The Queen of Sheba heard about Solomon.  She heard he was very smart. So, she came to Jerusalem to ask him some hard questions. She brought many people with her. She also brought camels that carried spices, a lot of gold, and jewels. She came and asked Solomon all of her questions.
[1] And when the queen of Sheba heard of the fame of Solomon, she came to prove Solomon with hard questions at Jerusalem, with a very great company, and camels that bare spices, and gold in abundance, and precious stones: and when she was come to Solomon, she communed with him of all that was in her heart.
 

Solomon answered all of her questions. He told her everything.
[2] And Solomon told her all her questions: and there was nothing hid from Solomon which he told her not.
 

The queen learned about many things and saw many things.  She saw the temple Solomon built for God. She ate the food from his kitchen. She saw his helpers, his clothes and the way he walked up into the Lord's house.  
[3] And when the queen of Sheba had seen the wisdom of Solomon, and the house that he had built,
[4] And the meat of his table, and the sitting of his servants, and the attendance of his ministers, and their apparel; his cupbearers also, and their apparel; and his ascent by which he went up into the house of the LORD; there was no more spirit in her.


She told Solomon that she had heard about him and how smart he was. But she didn't believe it. So, that is why she traveled to meet him. Now she has seen it for herself. He is twice as smart as she had heard.
[5] And she said to the king, It was a true report which I heard in mine own land of thine acts, and of thy wisdom:
[6] Howbeit I believed not their words, until I came, and mine eyes had seen it: and, behold, the one half of the greatness of thy wisdom was not told me: for thou exceedest the fame that I heard.

She said, |Your servants are happy because they get to hear how smart you are all the time.
[7] Happy are thy men, and happy are these thy servants, which stand continually before thee, and hear thy wisdom.

The Lord God is blessed because He made you king. He made you king because He loved Israel. He wanted them to last forever. So, He made you king to judge them fairly."
[8] Blessed be the LORD thy God, which delighted in thee to set thee on his throne, to be king for the LORD thy God: because thy God loved Israel, to establish them for ever, therefore made he thee king over them, to do judgment and justice.

She gave Solomon 120 talents of gold, a lot of spices, and valuable jewels.  She gave spices that no one else had.  Solomon's servants brought gold from Ophir. They also brought algum trees and valuable rocks.  Solomon used the algum trees to make terraces at the Lord's house and his palace.   They brought harps and psalteries for singers.  There was nothing like them in the land of Judah.

[9] And she gave the king an hundred and twenty talents of gold, and of spices great abundance, and precious stones: neither was there any such spice as the queen of Sheba gave king Solomon.
[10] And the servants also of Huram, and the servants of Solomon, which brought gold from Ophir, brought algum trees and precious stones.
[11] And the king made of the algum trees terraces to the house of the LORD, and to the king's palace, and harps and psalteries for singers: and there were none such seen before in the land of Judah.

King Solomon gave the queen of Sheba everything she wanted. Then, she turned and left.  She went back to her home.

[12] And king Solomon gave to the queen of Sheba all her desire, whatsoever she asked, beside that which she had brought unto the king. So she turned, and went away to her own land, she and her servants.

 



Solomon's wealth
 

In one year, Solomon got gold that weighed almost 44,000 pounds. Workers and merchants brought gold.  The kings and governors of Arabia brought gold and silver to him.
[13] Now the weight of gold that came to Solomon in one year was six hundred and threescore and six talents of gold;
[14] Beside that which chapmen and merchants brought. And all the kings of Arabia and governors of the country brought gold and silver to Solomon.

 

Solomon made 200 gold shields. Each shield used 15 pounds of gold.
[15] And king Solomon made two hundred targets of beaten gold: six hundred shekels of beaten gold went to one target.


He made 300 more gold shields.  Each shield used 7 pounds of gold.  He put them in the house in the forest of Lebanon.
[16] And three hundred shields made he of beaten gold: three hundred shekels of gold went to one shield. And the king put them in the house of the forest of Lebanon.


Solomon also made a big throne of ivory,  He put pure gold over it.

[17] Moreover the king made a great throne of ivory, and overlaid it with pure gold.

There were 6 steps up to the throne. The footstool was made of gold. Each side of the throne had stays. There were 2 lions by the stays.
[18] And there were six steps to the throne, with a footstool of gold, which were fastened to the throne, and stays on each side of the sitting place, and two lions standing by the stays:
 

There were 6 steps and 12 lions on the steps.  There was nothing like it anywhere else.
[19] And twelve lions stood there on the one side and on the other upon the six steps. There was not the like made in any kingdom.

All of the cups and glasses were gold. Every bowl and plate in the royal house in Lebanon was pure gold.  None of them were silver. No other king had things like this.

[20] And all the drinking vessels of king Solomon were of gold, and all the vessels of the house of the forest of Lebanon were of pure gold: none were of silver; it was not any thing accounted of in the days of Solomon.

The king's ships went to Tarshish with Huram's servants. Every 3 years, the ships brought back gold, silver, ivory, monkeys, and peacocks.

[21] For the king's ships went to Tarshish with the servants of Huram: every three years once came the ships of Tarshish bringing gold, and silver, ivory, and apes, and peacocks.

King Solomon had more wealth and wisdom than any other king in the earth.

[22] And king Solomon passed all the kings of the earth in riches and wisdom.


All of the kings of the earth wanted to visit Solomon. They wanted to hear the wisdom that God put in his heart.

[23] And all the kings of the earth sought the presence of Solomon, to hear his wisdom, that God had put in his heart.


They all brought him gifts. They brought items made with silver and gold.  They brought fancy clothes, horses, horse equipment, spices, and mules. They came year by year.
[24] And they brought every man his present, vessels of silver, and vessels of gold, and raiment, harness, and spices, horses, and mules, a rate year by year.

Solomon had 4,000 horse stalls.  He had 12,000 horse soldiers. He had some with him and some in other cities.
[25] And Solomon had four thousand stalls for horses and chariots, and twelve thousand horsemen; whom he bestowed in the chariot cities, and with the king at Jerusalem.

He was the king over all of the areas from the river to the Philistines' area and to Egypt.
[26] And he reigned over all the kings from the river even unto the land of the Philistines, and to the border of Egypt.

The king had so much silver in Jerusalem that it was as common as rocks.  He had to make sure of many cedar trees that it was common like sycamore trees.
[27] And the king made silver in Jerusalem as stones, and cedar trees made he as the sycomore trees that are in the low plains in abundance.

They brought horses to Solomon from Egypt and other areas.

[28] And they brought unto Solomon horses out of Egypt, and out of all lands.

Solomon did many other things. Some prophets wrote about the things he did.  They were Nathan the prophet, Ahijah from Shilon, and Iddo who saw visions also of Jeroboam the son of Nebat. 
[29] Now the rest of the acts of Solomon, first and last, are they not written in the book of Nathan the prophet, and in the prophecy of Ahijah the Shilonite, and in the visions of Iddo the seer against Jeroboam the son of Nebat?

 



Solomon dies and Rehoboam becomes king.


Solomon was king of Israel for 40 years. Then, Solomon died. They buried Solomon in Jerusalem, the city of David his father.  Rehoboam became the new king of Israel.

[30] And Solomon reigned in Jerusalem over all Israel forty years.
[31] And Solomon slept with his fathers, and he was buried in the city of David his father: and Rehoboam his son reigned in his stead.
 


 

 

 

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