Workers For Jesus Online Bible Study

The Book of 2 Chronicles
 


Timeline of the Bible


God creates the world. --- God destroys the world with the flood, but saves  Noah and his family.---
 God chooses Abraham and his descendants to His people. ---Abraham's grandson, Jacob, has 12 sons who lead the 12 tribes of Israel.--- The Israelites become slaves in Egypt.--- God helps the Israelites escape and leads them to Canaan. ---The Israelites fight in wars and take control of Canaan.---Judges lead the Israelites, but the Israelites want to have kings instead of judges. ----  David is Israel's greatest king. - This book of the Bible covers this time-- Israel divides into 2 parts: Israel and Judah.--- The people of Israel and Judah continue to sin and worship false gods.--- God allows the Assyrians and the Babylonians to take the Israelites out of Israel and Judah.---   The Israelites (Jews) live in Babylonia and then Persia.
--- When Persia defeats the Babylonians, the Jews go back to Judah.---   The Jews build God's Temple in Jerusalem again.--- Greece defeats Persia, and the Greeks control Judah (also now called Israel).--- The Jews become independent for 100 years.-- The Romans take control of Israel.---Jesus is born. At age 30, Jesus begins his ministry. ---Jesus is crucified and then is resurrected. --- A Roman named Saul is converted to Christianity and becomes Paul.--- Christianity spreads. --  Paul write letters to Christians in other places.In the year, 70 A.D., God's Temple in Jerusalem is destroyed again.


 


2 Chronicles

There are two books of Chronicles: 1 Chronicles and 2 Chronicles. They contain records from the time of Adam to the time when the Jewish people returned from the Babylonian captivity.

The book of 1 Chronicles starts with Adam and tells the family history (genealogy) of Saul and David.  The second part of 1 Chronicles tells about the time when David was the king of Israel.

The book of 2 Chronicles tells about the time when David's son, Solomon, was the king of Israel.  The second part of 2 Chronicles tells about the other kings who ruled Israel until the Jews were taken away to Babylonia.  The book ends with the Jews returning to Israel.

 




 


2 Chronicles 4 -6

The temple is finished.
The Israelites bring the Ark to the temple.
Solomon dedicates the temple

 

 

 

 

2 Chronicles 4


Solomon finishes the work on God's Temple.
 

Picture from Wikipedia.com

Solomon made a brass altar. It was 30 feet long and 30 feet wide.  It was 15 feet tall.
[1] Moreover he made an altar of brass, twenty cubits the length thereof, and twenty cubits the breadth thereof, and ten cubits the height thereof.

He also made a very big bowl called a sea.  It was 15 feet across.  It was 7 feet tall.  It was 45 feet around.
[2] Also he made a molten sea of ten cubits from brim to brim, round in compass, and five cubits the height thereof; and a line of thirty cubits did compass it round about.

Some carvings of oxen were under the sea.  There were 10 oxen every 18 inches.  There were 2 rows. The oxen were made with the same metal as the big bowl. They were part of the big bowl.
[3] And under it was the similitude of oxen, which did compass it round about: ten in a cubit, compassing the sea round about. Two rows of oxen were cast, when it was cast.

The big bowl sat on 12 oxen. 3 of the oxen faced north. 3 of the oxen faced south. 3 of the oxen faced west. 3 of the oxen faced east. The oxen faced out so the big bowl sat on the hind ends.
[4] It stood upon twelve oxen, three looking toward the north, and three looking toward the west, and three looking toward the south, and three looking toward the east: and the sea was set above upon them, and all their hinder parts were inward.


The big bowl was about 4 inches thick. The top of it had carvings of lilies.  It was big enough to hold 15,000 gallons of water.
[5] And the thickness of it was an handbreadth, and the brim of it like the work of the brim of a cup, with flowers of lilies; and it received and held three thousand baths.

 

He also made 10 smaller bowls. There were 5 on the right hand side. There were 5 on the left hand side. They washed the offerings in the smaller bowls. The big bowl was for the priests to wash in.
[6] He made also ten lavers, and put five on the right hand,and five on the left, to wash in them: such things as they offered for the burnt offering they washed in them; but the sea was for the priests to wash in.


He made 10 gold candlesticks the way they were in the plan. He set them in the temple. He put 5 on the right side and 5 on the left side.

[7] And he made ten candlesticks of gold according to their form, and set them in the temple, five on the right hand, and five on the left.

He made 10 tables. He put them in the temple. There were 5 on the right side, and 5 on the left side. He made 100 small gold bowls.
[8] He made also ten tables, and placed them in the temple, five on the right side, and five on the left. And he made an hundred basons of gold.


He made courts (areas like large rooms). One was for the priests. The other was the great court.  He made doors for the courts. He put brass on the doors.
[9] Furthermore he made the court of the priests, and the great court, and doors for the court, and overlaid the doors of them with brass.


He put the large bowl, the sea, on the southeast side.

[10] And he set the sea on the right side of the east end, over against the south.


Huram made pots, shovels, and bowls.  He made them for King Solomon for the house of God.  These are the other things Huram made:  2 pillars, the pieces on the tops of the pillars, the wreaths to go on those, and 400 pomegranates on the wreaths. There were 2 rows of pomegranates on each wreath. They covered the piece on top of the pillars.

[11] And Huram made the pots, and the shovels, and the basons. And Huram finished the work that he was to make for king Solomon for the house of God;
[12] To wit, the two pillars, and the pommels, and the chapiters which were on the top of the two pillars, and the two wreaths to cover the two pommels of the chapiters which were on the top of the pillars;
[13] And four hundred pomegranates on the two wreaths; two rows of pomegranates on each wreath, to cover the two pommels of the chapiters which were upon the pillars.

He also made flat low tables and bowls to set on them.
[14] He made also bases, and lavers made he upon the bases;

He made the large bowl and the 12 oxen under it.
[15] One sea, and twelve oxen under it.

Huram also made pots, shovels, meat hooks, and all the tools.  He made them out of brass for King Solomon for the Lord's house.
[16] The pots also, and the shovels, and the fleshhooks, and all their instruments, did Huram his father make to king Solomon for the house of the LORD of bright brass.


They made them in molds in the ground. They used ground with a lot of clay in it. This was in the area between Succoth and Zeredathah.
[17] In the plain of Jordan did the king cast them, in the clay ground between Succoth and Zeredathah.

Solomon made all of these things. There were so many that no one even knew how much brass was used.
[18] Thus Solomon made all these vessels in great abundance: for the weight of the brass could not be found out.


Solomon made all the things used in God's house.  He also made the golden altar and the tables where the shewbread set.

[19] And Solomon made all the vessels that were for the house of God, the golden altar also, and the tables whereon the shewbread was set;

There were candlesticks and lamps. They were pure gold. They burned in front of the most holy place.
[20] Moreover the candlesticks with their lamps, that they should burn after the manner before the oracle, of pure gold;

He made flowers, lamps, and tongs with perfect gold.
[21] And the flowers, and the lamps, and the tongs, made he of gold, and that perfect gold;

He made snuffers (to put out the candles), basins, spoons, and censers (to sprinkle with ) with pure gold.  He made the entrance of the house, the inside doors of the most holy place, and the temple's door with gold.
[22] And the snuffers, and the basons, and the spoons, and the censers, of pure gold: and the entry of the house, the inner doors thereof for the most holy place, and the doors of the house of the temple, were of gold.
 


 

2 Chronicles 5


Solomon and the Israelites bring the Ark to God's Temple.


Solomon finished making the Lord's house.  He brought the items that his father, David, had set aside. The items were silver and gold.  He put all of them in the house of God.
[1] Thus all the work that Solomon made for the house of the LORD was finished: and Solomon brought in all the things that David his father had dedicated; and the silver, and the gold, and all the instruments, put he among the treasures of the house of God.


Solomon brought all of the Israelite leaders to Jerusalem. He planned for them to bring the Ark to the Lord's house.
[2] Then Solomon assembled the elders of Israel, and all the heads of the tribes, the chief of the fathers of the children of Israel, unto Jerusalem, to bring up the ark of the covenant of the LORD out of the city of David, which is Zion.


It was the seventh month.  It was the Festival of the Shelters. The leaders of Israel and the Levites (priests) got the Ark.  They also got the tent tabernacle and all of the items in the tent.
[3] Wherefore all the men of Israel assembled themselves unto the king in the feast which was in the seventh month.
[4] And all the elders of Israel came; and the Levites took up the ark.
[5] And they brought up the ark, and the tabernacle of the congregation, and all the holy vessels that were in the tabernacle, these did the priests and the Levites bring up.

King Solomon and the crowd of Israelites were in front of the Ark.  They sacrificed sheep and oxen.  There were so many sacrifices they couldn't count them all.
[6] Also king Solomon, and all the congregation of Israel that were assembled unto him before the ark, sacrificed sheep and oxen, which could not be told nor numbered for multitude.

The priests brought the Ark to the Lord's house.  They put it in the most holy place under the cherubim's wings.
[7] And the priests brought in the ark of the covenant of the LORD unto his place, to the oracle of the house, into the most holy place, even under the wings of the cherubims:
 

The cherubim's wings were over the Ark.  They covered the Ark and the poles that were used to carry the Ark.
[8] For the cherubims spread forth their wings over the place of the ark, and the cherubims covered the ark and the staves thereof above.


The poles were very long. They could be seen from the Most Holy Place. But no one outside the Most Holy Place could see them.  That is how it is until this time.
[9] And they drew out the staves of the ark, that the ends of the staves were seen from the ark before the oracle; but they were not seen without. And there it is unto this day.

The Ark was empty except for the 2 stone tablets that Moses put in at Horeb (the Ten Commandments). That is where God made His promise to the Israelites when they were coming out of Egypt.
[10] There was nothing in the ark save the two tables which Moses put therein at Horeb, when the LORD made a covenant with the children of Israel, when they came out of Egypt.

All of the priests had been sanctified. Then, they came out of the holy place. 
[11] And it came to pass, when the priests were come out of the holy place: (for all the priests that were present were sanctified, and did not then wait by course:

Some of the Levites were singers and played musical instruments. They were from the families of Asaph, Heman, and Jeduthun.  Their families wore white clothes.  They played cymbals, psalteries, and harps. They stood at the east end of the altar. There were 120 priests with them who were playing trumpets.
[12] Also the Levites which were the singers, all of them of Asaph, of Heman, of Jeduthun, with their sons and their brethren, being arrayed in white linen, having cymbals and psalteries and harps, stood at the east end of the altar, and with them an hundred and twenty priests sounding with trumpets:)


The singers and the people playing trumpets performed a song together.  They praised and thanked the Lord. They sang, "He is good and His mercy will last forever." Then, a cloud filled the Lord's house.
[13] It came even to pass, as the trumpeters and singers were as one, to make one sound to be heard in praising and thanking the LORD; and when they lifted up their voice with the trumpets and cymbals and instruments of musick, and praised the LORD, saying, For he is good; for his mercy endureth for ever: that then the house was filled with a cloud, even the house of the LORD;
 

The cloud was so big that the priests could not do anything.  The cloud was the glory of the Lord, and it filled the house of God.
[14] So that the priests could not stand to minister by reason of the cloud: for the glory of the LORD had filled the house of God.
 



2 Chronicles 6


Solomon dedicates the Temple.


Solomon said, "The Lord said He would live in thick darkness. But I have built a house for Him to live in forever."
[1] Then said Solomon, The LORD hath said that he would dwell in the thick darkness.
[2] But I have built an house of habitation for thee, and a place for thy dwelling for ever.

Solomon turned around to face the large group of Israelites.
[3] And the king turned his face, and blessed the whole congregation of Israel: and all the congregation of Israel stood.


He said, "Blessed be the Lord God of Israel. He has done what He told my father, David, that He would do.  He told David that He had never picked a city to live in or picked a king. But then He chose Jerusalem, and He chose David.
[4] And he said, Blessed be the LORD God of Israel, who hath with his hands fulfilled that which he spake with his mouth to my father David, saying,
[5] Since the day that I brought forth my people out of the land of Egypt I chose no city among all the tribes of Israel to build an house in, that my name might be there; neither chose I any man to be a ruler over my people Israel:
[6] But I have chosen Jerusalem, that my name might be there; and have chosen David to be over my people Israel.


Solomon continued, "My father wanted to build a house for the Lord God of Israel. The Lord told David it was good that he wanted to build the Lord's house, but it would be David's son to build the house.
[7] Now it was in the heart of David my father to build an house for the name of the LORD God of Israel.
[8] But the LORD said to David my father, Forasmuch as it was in thine heart to build an house for my name, thou didst well in that it was in thine heart:
[9] Notwithstanding thou shalt not build the house; but thy son which shall come forth out of thy loins, he shall build the house for my name.

The Lord has kept His promise. I am king now, and I have built the Lord's house.
[10] The LORD therefore hath performed his word that he hath spoken: for I am risen up in the room of David my father, and am set on the throne of Israel, as the LORD promised, and have built the house for the name of the LORD God of Israel.


I have put the Ark in the Lord's house. The Ark is the promise that the Lord made with the Israelites."

[11] And in it have I put the ark, wherein is the covenant of the LORD, that he made with the children of Israel.


Solomon stood in front of the Lord's altar. The large group of Israelites was in front of him. He spread his hands apart. He was standing on a brass stage. It was 7 and a half feet long, 7 and a half feet wide, and 4 feet tall. It was in the middle of the temple area.  He stood on it, then he kneeled down and opened his hands toward heaven.
[12] And he stood before the altar of the LORD in the presence of all the congregation of Israel, and spread forth his hands:
[13] For Solomon had made a brasen scaffold, of five cubits long, and five cubits broad, and three cubits high, and had set it in the midst of the court: and upon it he stood, and kneeled down upon his knees before all the congregation of Israel, and spread forth his hands toward heaven,


This is Solomon's prayer:

Oh Lord God of Israel, there is no God like you in heaven or earth.
You keep Your promise and show mercy to Your servants who obey You with all of their hearts.
You have kept Your promise to Your servant David, my father.  You made him a promise and spoke it. Now, You have kept |Your promise today.

[14] And said, O LORD God of Israel, there is no God like thee in the heaven, nor in the earth; which keepest covenant, and shewest mercy unto thy servants, that walk before thee with all their hearts:
[15] Thou which hast kept with thy servant David my father that which thou hast promised him; and spakest with thy mouth, and hast fulfilled it with thine hand, as it is this day.


Now, Lord, keep the other promise that You made to David my father. You promised him that there would always be a descendant of David on the throne. Watch and remind Your children to obey Me, like I have obeyed You.
[16] Now therefore, O LORD God of Israel, keep with thy servant David my father that which thou hast promised him, saying, There shall not fail thee a man in my sight to sit upon the throne of Israel; yet so that thy children take heed to their way to walk in my law, as thou hast walked before me.

Now, O Lord God of Israel, please keep Your promise to David.

[17] Now then, O LORD God of Israel, let thy word be verified, which thou hast spoken unto thy servant David.


Will God live with men on earth? You are so great that not even heaven can hold You. How will You live in this house that I built?
[18] But will God in very deed dwell with men on the earth? behold, heaven and the heaven of heavens cannot contain thee; how much less this house which I have built!

Listen to my prayer, O Lord my God. Hear my cry and prayer. Watch over this house day and night. This is the place where You said You would put Your name. You said You would listen to prayers made toward this place.
[19] Have respect therefore to the prayer of thy servant, and to his supplication, O LORD my God, to hearken unto the cry and the prayer which thy servant prayeth before thee:
[20] That thine eyes may be open upon this house day and night, upon the place whereof thou hast said that thou wouldest put thy name there; to hearken unto the prayer which thy servant prayeth toward this place.

Please hear My prayer and the Israelites' prayers that we make here. Hear us from heaven. When you hear us, forgive us. .
[21] Hearken therefore unto the supplications of thy servant, and of thy people Israel, which they shall make toward this place: hear thou from thy dwelling place, even from heaven; and when thou hearest, forgive.


If a man sins, and he swears to tell the truth in front of Your altar, please hear him from heaven. You judge your servants by making them pay for their sin.  You judge fairly and punish the people who sin.
[22] If a man sin against his neighbour, and an oath be laid upon him to make him swear, and the oath come before thine altar in this house;
[23] Then hear thou from heaven, and do, and judge thy servants, by requiting the wicked, by recompensing his way upon his own head; and by justifying the righteous, by giving him according to his righteousness.


If Israel sins, their enemy might defeat them. If they come back and confess Your name and pray for forgiveness here in Your house, please hear them from heaven. Forgive their sins. Bring them again to the land that You gave to them and their ancestors.
[24] And if thy people Israel be put to the worse before the enemy, because they have sinned against thee; and shall return and confess thy name, and pray and make supplication before thee in this house;
[25] Then hear thou from the heavens, and forgive the sin of thy people Israel, and bring them again unto the land which thou gavest to them and to their fathers.


If Israel sins, maybe it will stop raining.   If they pray toward Your temple and ask for forgiveness, hear them from heaven and forgive them.  After they obey You, please send the rain to the land that You gave them.
[26] When the heaven is shut up, and there is no rain, because they have sinned against thee; yet if they pray toward this place, and confess thy name, and turn from their sin, when thou dost afflict them;
[27] Then hear thou from heaven, and forgive the sin of thy servants, and of thy people Israel, when thou hast taught them the good way, wherein they should walk; and send rain upon thy land, which thou hast given unto thy people for an inheritance.


There might be no crops growing.  There might be bugs, mildew, locusts, or caterpillars. Maybe the enemies defeat the Israelites in their cities. They might be sick or have bad sores. If anyone or all of them hold out their hands and pray, please hear them from heaven. Forgive them and punish only the guilty people.  You know their hearts. Do these things so they will respect You and always obey You as long as they live in Israel.
[28] If there be dearth in the land, if there be pestilence, if there be blasting, or mildew, locusts, or caterpillers; if their enemies besiege them in the cities of their land; whatsoever sore or whatsoever sickness there be:
[29] Then what prayer or what supplication soever shall be made of any man, or of all thy people Israel, when every one shall know his own sore and his own grief, and shall spread forth his hands in this house:
[30] Then hear thou from heaven thy dwelling place, and forgive, and render unto every man according unto all his ways, whose heart thou knowest; (for thou only knowest the hearts of the children of men:)
[31] That they may fear thee, to walk in thy ways, so long as they live in the land which thou gavest unto our fathers.
 

About strangers that are not from Israel...they come from far away because of Your great name, Your mighty hand, and Your arm stretched out.  If they come and pray in this temple, please hear them from heaven.  Do what they pray for. Then, all of the people of earth will know Your name and respect You like the Israelites do. They will know that this house I built is for You.
[32] Moreover concerning the stranger, which is not of thy people Israel, but is come from a far country for thy great name's sake, and thy mighty hand, and thy stretched out arm; if they come and pray in this house;
[33] Then hear thou from the heavens, even from thy dwelling place, and do according to all that the stranger calleth to thee for; that all people of the earth may know thy name, and fear thee, as doth thy people Israel, and may know that this house which I have built is called by thy name.


You may send Your people out to war to fight their enemies.  If they pray toward You toward this city which You have chosen and this house I built for You, hear them from heaven.  Please give them what they pray for.
[34] If thy people go out to war against their enemies by the way that thou shalt send them, and they pray unto thee toward this city which thou hast chosen, and the house which I have built for thy name;
[35] Then hear thou from the heavens their prayer and their supplication, and maintain their cause.
 

If they sin against You (there is no man who doesn't sin) and You are angry, You may let their enemies carry them away. After they are carried away far away, they may turn back to You and apologize.  They may pray and say, "We have sinned, we have done wrong, and we have done wicked things.  If they return to You will all of their hearts and souls and pray toward Jerusalem, hear them from heaven and forgive them.
[36] If they sin against thee, (for there is no man which sinneth not,) and thou be angry with them, and deliver them over before their enemies, and they carry them away captives unto a land far off or near;
[37] Yet if they bethink themselves in the land whither they are carried captive, and turn and pray unto thee in the land of their captivity, saying, We have sinned, we have done amiss, and have dealt wickedly;
[38] If they return to thee with all their heart and with all their soul in the land of their captivity, whither they have carried them captives, and pray toward their land, which thou gavest unto their fathers, and toward the city which thou hast chosen, and toward the house which I have built for thy name:
[39] Then hear thou from the heavens, even from thy dwelling place, their prayer and their supplications, and maintain their cause, and forgive thy people which have sinned against thee.


Now, my God, I ask You to see and hear the prayers made from the temple.

[40] Now, my God, let, I beseech thee, thine eyes be open, and let thine ears be attent unto the prayer that is made in this place.


Now, rise up O Lord God. Go into Your resting place, You and Your ark of strength. May Your priest be saved. Let Your saints be happy and good.

[41] Now therefore arise, O LORD God, into thy resting place, thou, and the ark of thy strength: let thy priests, O LORD God, be clothed with salvation, and let thy saints rejoice in goodness.

O Lord God, do not turn away from the one You anointed. Remember the promise You made to Your servant David.
[42] O LORD God, turn not away the face of thine anointed: remember the mercies of David thy servant.
 

 


 

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