About this Bible Study........The King James Version of the Bible is written in a beautiful form of the English language. It can be hard for modern English readers to understand. In this study, you will find notes and summaries in brown just above the the verses from the Bible. We recommend that you read the notes and summaries first, and then read the verses in their KJV form.
The Book of 1 Samuel
This book starts with the birth of Samuel. Samuel is the last judge of
Israel. Samuel is also a prophet--he tells people what God wants them to know.
During Samuel's life, the Israelites decide that they want to have a king. This
book tells the story of Samuel's life, the first king of Israel, Saul, and the
second king of Israel, David.
Here is a good timeline to see the book of 1 Samuel in the history of the Bible
1 Samuel 19 -21
Saul tries to kill David with a
David goes to Samuel's school for prophets
Samuel's school for prophets
Naioth was part of the area called Ramah. Ramah was Samuel's home. Samuel had a school in Naioth. People came there to prophesy or tell the future. They also praised God and sang there.
Saul heard about the first helpers,
so he sent another group of helpers. They also started worshiping at
Naioth. Saul sent a third group of helpers. They also started worshiping.
 And when it was told Saul, he sent other messengers, and they prophesied likewise. And Saul sent messengers again the third time, and they prophesied also.
Saul traveled to Ramah. He stopped by a water well in the place called Sechu. Saul asked some people where Samuel and David were. One person said they were at Naioth.
 Then went he also to Ramah, and came to a great well that is in Sechu: and he asked and said, Where are Samuel and David? And one said, Behold, they be at Naioth in Ramah.
Saul traveled to Naioth. On the road, God's spirit was on Saul. Saul started to prophesy and worship. Then he arrived at Naioth.
 And he went thither to Naioth in Ramah: and the Spirit of God was upon him also, and he went on, and prophesied, until he came to Naioth in Ramah.
Saul took off his war clothes. He also prophesied and worshiped God with Samuel. He stayed all day and night. The other people were surprised that Saul was there with the other prophets.
 And he stripped off his clothes also, and prophesied before Samuel in like manner, and lay down naked all that day and all that night. Wherefore they say, Is Saul also among the prophets?
"David and Jonathan" by Gustave Dore
David went to the place called Nob. He went to see the priest named Ahimelech. Ahimelech was afraid of David. He asked David why he was alone. No one else was traveling with David.
 Then came David to Nob to Ahimelech the priest: and Ahimelech was afraid at the meeting of David, and said unto him, Why art thou alone, and no man with thee?
David said that he was doing secret work for Saul. David lied, and he said that he had other soldiers with him. He said that the other soldiers were hiding someplace else.
 And David said unto Ahimelech the priest, The king hath commanded me a business, and hath said unto me, Let no man know any thing of the business whereabout I send thee, and what I have commanded thee: and I have appointed my servants to such and such a place.
David asked Ahimelech if he had any
food. David asked for 5 loaves of bread or any other food that Ahimelech had.
 Now therefore what is under thine hand? give me five loaves of bread in mine hand, or what there is present.
The priest said that he only had the holy bread. David and his soldiers could eat the holy bread if they had not been with women recently.
 And the priest answered David, and said, There is no common bread under mine hand, but there is hallowed bread; if the young men have kept themselves at least from women.
David said that his soldiers were not with women for 3 days. He said his men were clean, and the holy bread was also clean.
 And David answered the priest, and said unto him, Of a truth women have been kept from us about these three days, since I came out, and the vessels of the young men are holy, and the bread is in a manner common, yea, though it were sanctified this day in the vessel.
The priest gave David the holy bread. He gave David the bread after he put new, hot bread in the holy place.
 So the priest gave him hallowed bread: for there was no bread there but the shewbread, that was taken from before the LORD, to put hot bread in the day when it was taken away.
One of Saul's workers was there. His name was Doeg. Doeg was from the area of Edom. He was one of Saul's workers who took care of the sheep.
 Now a certain man of the servants of Saul was there that day, detained before the LORD; and his name was Doeg, an Edomite, the chiefest of the herdmen that belonged to Saul.
David asked Ahimelech if he had a spear or sword. He said that he left in a hurry and didn't have time to get his own sword or spear. He lied and said that he had to leave fast to do Saul's work.
 And David said unto Ahimelech, And is there not here under thine hand spear or sword? for I have neither brought my sword nor my weapons with me, because the king's business required haste.
Ahimelech, the priest, had Goliath's
sword. The priest had the sword in a special place behind the ephod (the
priest's special vest). He said David could have it if he wanted it. He
said that was the only weapon he had. David said the
sword was special, and he would take it.
 And the priest said, The sword of Goliath the Philistine, whom thou slewest in the valley of Elah, behold, it is here wrapped in a cloth behind the ephod: if thou wilt take that, take it: for there is no other save that here. And David said, There is none like that; give it me.
David left because he was afraid of Saul. He went to the place named Gath. The king of Gath was named Achish.
 And David arose, and fled that day for fear of Saul, and went to Achish the king of Gath.
The people who worked for Achish, the king, saw David. They knew who David was. They had heard about him. They heard the song that the women sang about David back in 1 Samuel 18:7-9. The women sang that Saul killed 1000's of Philistines but that David killed 10,000's.
 And the servants of Achish said unto him, Is not this David the king of the land? did they not sing one to another of him in dances, saying, Saul hath slain his thousands, and David his ten thousands?
David thought about what the people
said. The people knew his name. Then he was afraid of Achish, the king.
 And David laid up these words in his heart, and was sore afraid of Achish the king of Gath.
David wanted to fool the people in Gath. He pretended that he was mentally ill. He scratched on the gate door. He slobbered.
 And he changed his behaviour before them, and feigned himself mad in their hands, and scrabbled on the doors of the gate, and let his spittle fall down upon his beard.
Achish talked to his helpers. He asked why they brought David to him. Achish said he did not need any mentally ill people. Achish didn't want David there.
 Then said Achish unto his servants, Lo, ye see the man is mad: wherefore then have ye brought him to me?
 Have I need of mad men, that ye have brought this fellow to play the mad man in my presence? shall this fellow come into my house?