Workers For Jesus Online Bible Study Table of Contents

About this Bible Study........The King James Version of the Bible is written in a beautiful form of the English language. It can be hard for modern English readers to understand.  In this study, you will find notes and summaries in brown just above the the verses from the Bible. We recommend that you read the notes and summaries first, and then read the verses in their KJV form. 



Timeline of the Bible


God creates the world. --- God destroys the world with the flood, but saves  Noah and his family.---
 God chooses Abraham and his descendants to His people. ---Abraham's grandson, Jacob, has 12 sons who lead the 12 tribes of Israel.--- The Israelites become slaves in Egypt.--- God helps the Israelites escape and leads them to Canaan. ---The Israelites fight in wars and take control of Canaan.---Judges lead the Israelites, but the Israelites want to have kings instead of judges. ----  David is Israel's greatest king. -- Israel divides into 2 parts: Israel and Judah.--- The people of Israel and Judah continue to sin and worship false gods.--- God allows the Assyrians and the Babylonians to take the Israelites out of Israel and Judah.---   The Israelites (Jews) live in Babylonia and then Persia. --- The books of I and II Chronicles start at the beginning of the world and ends at this time When Persia defeats the Babylonians, the Jews go back to Judah.--- The Jews build God's Temple in Jerusalem again.--- Greece defeats Persia, and the Greeks control Judah (also now called Israel).--- The Jews become independent for 100 years.-- The Romans take control of Israel.--- Jesus is born. At age 30, Jesus begins his ministry. ---Jesus is crucified and then is resurrected. --- A Roman named Saul is converted to Christianity and becomes Paul.--- Christianity spreads. --- Paul write letters to Christians in other places. In the year, 70 A.D., God's Temple in Jerusalem is destroyed again.

 

The Book of  1 Chronicles
 

There are two books of Chronicles: 1 Chronicles and 2 Chronicles. They contain records from the time of Adam to the time when the Jewish people returned from the Babylonian captivity.

The book of 1 Chronicles starts with Adam and tells the family history (genealogy) of Saul and David.  The second part of 1 Chronicles tells about the time when David was the king of Israel.

The book of 2 Chronicles tells about the time when David's son, Solomon, was the king of Israel.  The second part of 2 Chronicles tells about the other kings who ruled Israel until the Jews were taken away to Babylonia.  The book ends with the Jews returning to Israel.

 


1 Chronicles 8 -10

The descendants of Jacob's sons.
History of the time after the Jewish people returned to Israel from Babylon.
The death of Saul, the first king of Israel.
 


1 Chronicles 8


The descendant's of Jacob's son, Benjamin.


[1] Now Benjamin begat Bela his firstborn, Ashbel the second, and Aharah the third,
[2] Nohah the fourth, and Rapha the fifth.
[3] And the sons of Bela were, Addar, and Gera, and Abihud,
[4] And Abishua, and Naaman, and Ahoah,
[5] And Gera, and Shephuphan, and Huram.

 

Geba
Photo from
BiblePlaces.com

 

Some of Benjamin's descendants lived in the area named Geba, then Manahath.
[6] And these are the sons of Ehud: these are the heads of the fathers of the inhabitants of Geba, and they removed them to Manahath:
[7] And Naaman, and Ahiah, and Gera, he removed them, and begat Uzza, and Ahihud.


Shaharaim had children in the country of Moab. His wives were named Hushim and Baara. He had another wife named Hodesh, and she also had children.
[8] And Shaharaim begat children in the country of Moab, after he had sent them away; Hushim and Baara were his wives.
[9] And he begat of Hodesh his wife, Jobab, and Zibia, and Mesha, and Malcham,
[10] And Jeuz, and Shachia, and Mirma. These were his sons, heads of the fathers.
[11] And of Hushim he begat Abitub, and Elpaal.


Some of Benjamin's descendants lived in the area named Aijalon. They defeated the people who lived in the place named Gath.

[12] The sons of Elpaal; Eber, and Misham, and Shamed, who built Ono, and Lod, with the towns thereof:
[13] Beriah also, and Shema, who were heads of the fathers of the inhabitants of Aijalon, who drove away the inhabitants of Gath:
 

More descendants of Benjamin
These were the heads of the families. They lived in Jerusalem.
[14] And Ahio, Shashak, and Jeremoth,
[15] And Zebadiah, and Arad, and Ader,
[16] And Michael, and Ispah, and Joha, the sons of Beriah;
[17] And Zebadiah, and Meshullam, and Hezeki, and Heber,
[18] Ishmerai also, and Jezliah, and Jobab, the sons of Elpaal;
[19] And Jakim, and Zichri, and Zabdi,
[20] And Elienai, and Zilthai, and Eliel,
[21] And Adaiah, and Beraiah, and Shimrath, the sons of Shimhi;
[22] And Ishpan, and Heber, and Eliel,
[23] And Abdon, and Zichri, and Hanan,
[24] And Hananiah, and Elam, and Antothijah,
[25] And Iphedeiah, and Penuel, the sons of Shashak;
[26] And Shamsherai, and Shehariah, and Athaliah,
[27] And Jaresiah, and Eliah, and Zichri, the sons of Jeroham.
[28] These were heads of the fathers, by their generations, chief men. These dwelt in Jerusalem.


The family of Saul, the first king of Israel


Saul's grandfather, Ner, lived in the area named Gibeon. His wife was named Maachah. One of his sons was named Kish. Kish's son was Saul. Some of their family members lived in Jerusalem.
[29] And at Gibeon dwelt the father of Gibeon; whose wife's name was Maachah:
[30] And his firstborn son Abdon, and Zur, and Kish, and Baal, and Nadab,
[31] And Gedor, and Ahio, and Zacher.
[32] And Mikloth begat Shimeah. And these also dwelt with their brethren in Jerusalem, over against them.


Saul's descendants
[33] And Ner begat Kish, and Kish begat Saul, and Saul begat Jonathan, and Malchi-shua, and Abinadab, and Esh-baal.
[34] And the son of Jonathan was Merib-baal; and Merib-baal begat Micah.
[35] And the sons of Micah were, Pithon, and Melech, and Tarea, and Ahaz.
[36] And Ahaz begat Jehoadah; and Jehoadah begat Alemeth, and Azmaveth, and Zimri; and Zimri begat Moza,
[37] And Moza begat Binea: Rapha was his son, Eleasah his son, Azel his son:
[38] And Azel had six sons, whose names are these, Azrikam, Bocheru, and Ishmael, and Sheariah, and Obadiah, and Hanan. All these were the sons of Azel.
[39] And the sons of Eshek his brother were, Ulam his firstborn, Jehush the second, and Eliphelet the third.


150 of Saul's descendants were soldiers and archers (used bows and arrows).
[40] And the sons of Ulam were mighty men of valour, archers, and had many sons, and sons' sons, an hundred and fifty. All these are of the sons of Benjamin.
 



1 Chronicles 9

 
This book refers to the time period when the Israelites (the Jewish people) were taken away from Israel. They were carried away to Assyria and Babylon. They were being punished by God because they sinned.  Later, Assyria and Babylon became part of Persia. Cyrus became the king of Persia, and he let the Israelites go back to Israel.

History of the time after the Jewish people returned to Israel from Babylon


All of the genealogies (family histories) were written in the books of the kings of Israel and Judah. The Jewish people were taken to Babylon because they sinned against God.
[1] So all Israel were reckoned by genealogies; and, behold, they were written in the book of the kings of Israel and Judah, who were carried away to Babylon for their transgression.


When the Jewish people came back to Israel, the priests, Levites, and the Nethinims (temple assistants) arrived first.
[2] Now the first inhabitants that dwelt in their possessions in their cities were, the Israelites, the priests, Levites, and the Nethinims.


The tribes of Judah, Benjamin, Ephraim, and Manasseh lived in Jerusalem.
[3] And in Jerusalem dwelt of the children of Judah, and of the children of Benjamin, and of the children of Ephraim, and Manasseh;


These are the leaders of the families in the tribe of Judah who moved back to Jerusalem. There were 956 families from the tribe of Judah.

[4] Uthai the son of Ammihud, the son of Omri, the son of Imri, the son of Bani, of the children of Pharez the son of Judah.
[5] And of the Shilonites; Asaiah the firstborn, and his sons.
[6] And of the sons of Zerah; Jeuel, and their brethren, six hundred and ninety.
[7] And of the sons of Benjamin; Sallu the son of Meshullam, the son of Hodaviah, the son of Hasenuah,
[8] And Ibneiah the son of Jeroham, and Elah the son of Uzzi, the son of Michri, and Meshullam the son of Shephathiah, the son of Reuel, the son of Ibnijah;
[9] And their brethren, according to their generations, nine hundred and fifty and six. All these men were chief of the fathers in the house of their fathers.


These are the priests who moved back to Jerusalem. There were 1,760 families of priests.
[10] And of the priests; Jedaiah, and Jehoiarib, and Jachin,
[11] And Azariah the son of Hilkiah, the son of Meshullam, the son of Zadok, the son of Meraioth, the son of Ahitub, the ruler of the house of God;
[12] And Adaiah the son of Jeroham, the son of Pashur, the son of Malchijah, and Maasiai the son of Adiel, the son of Jahzerah, the son of Meshullam, the son of Meshillemith, the son of Immer;
[13] And their brethren, heads of the house of their fathers, a thousand and seven hundred and threescore; very able men for the work of the service of the house of God.


These are the leaders of the Levite families who moved back.  Some lived in the villages of the Netophathites.
[14] And of the Levites; Shemaiah the son of Hasshub, the son of Azrikam, the son of Hashabiah, of the sons of Merari;
[15] And Bakbakkar, Heresh, and Galal, and Mattaniah the son of Micah, the son of Zichri, the son of Asaph;
[16] And Obadiah the son of Shemaiah, the son of Galal, the son of Jeduthun, and Berechiah the son of Asa, the son of Elkanah, that dwelt in the villages of the Netophathites.

 



The porters (guards of the temple gates) who came back to Jerusalem. 



These are the porters who came back. Their leader was Shallum. They had worked in the king's gate and with the Levites.
[17] And the porters were, Shallum, and Akkub, and Talmon, and Ahiman, and their brethren: Shallum was the chief;
[18] Who hitherto waited in the king's gate eastward: they were porters in the companies of the children of Levi.


The leader, Shallum, was a descendant of Korah. Korah's family had worked in the temple and at the tabernacle before the Israelites entered Canaan.
[19] And Shallum the son of Kore, the son of Ebiasaph, the son of Korah, and his brethren, of the house of his father, the Korahites, were over the work of the service, keepers of the gates of the tabernacle: and their fathers, being over the host of the LORD, were keepers of the entry.
 

Phinehas was the leader of the porters in the past. His father was Eleazar. God was with Eleazar.
[20] And Phinehas the son of Eleazar was the ruler over them in time past, and the Lord was with him.


Zechariah (his father was Meshelemiah) was the guard of the tabernacle door.
[21] And Zechariah the son of Meshelemiah was porter of the door of the tabernacle of the congregation.


These were the 212 guards of the gates. Their ancestors had been picked to be guards by King David and Samuel.
[22] All these which were chosen to be porters in the gates were two hundred and twelve. These were reckoned by their genealogy in their villages, whom David and Samuel the seer did ordain in their set office.


They and their children were in charge of the gates of the Lord's tabernacle. They were in charge of the different sides of the tabernacle. There was a guard for the east side, west side, north side, and south side.
[23] So they and their children had the oversight of the gates of the house of the Lord, namely, the house of the tabernacle, by wards.
[24] In four quarters were the porters, toward the east, west, north, and south.


The assistants stayed in their villages. Every seven days, they took turns to come and help.
[25] And their brethren, which were in their villages, were to come after seven days from time to time with them.
 

Four Levites were the leaders of the porters. They guarded the valuable items in God's temple.
[26] For these Levites, the four chief porters, were in their set office, and were over the chambers and treasuries of the house of God.


They lived around God's house because their job was to open the tabernacle every morning.
[27] And they lodged round about the house of God, because the charge was upon them, and the opening thereof every morning pertained to them.

 

Frankincense is made from tree sap. The tree is the Boswellia tree. After the sap becomes hard, it is burned. It smells very good.
 
 

Photo from Wikipedia

Some of them were in charge of the items used in the temple.  They counted them as they went in and when they went out. Others were in charge of the items used in the sanctuary, the fine flour, the wine, the oil, the frankincense, and the spices.
[28] And certain of them had the charge of the ministering vessels, that they should bring them in and out by tale.
[29] Some of them also were appointed to oversee the vessels, and all the instruments of the sanctuary, and the fine flour, and the wine, and the oil, and the frankincense, and the spices.
 

Some of the priests' sons made ointment from the spices.
[30] And some of the sons of the priests made the ointment of the spices.


Mattithiah was one of the Levites.  He was the oldest son of Shallum. Mattithiah was in charge of the things that were baked in pans.
[31] And Mattithiah, one of the Levites, who was the firstborn of Shallum the Korahite, had the set office over the things that were made in the pans.
 

Shewbread

From Exodus 25:30

They should put showbread on the table. The showbread was 12 loaves of bread.  There were 12 loaves because there were 12 tribes of Israel (from Jacob's 12 sons). This bread was to be left on the table for 1 week. The priests would eat the bread in a special place after 1 week was finished.  The bread showed that God gave the Israelites everything they needed. 
[30] And thou shalt set upon the table shewbread before me alway.


Tabernacle model in Timna Park, Israel
Photo from BiblePlaces.com

The sons of the Kohathites made the shewbread for the sabbath.
[32] And other of their brethren, of the sons of the Kohathites, were over the shewbread, to prepare it every sabbath.


Some of the Levite leaders were singers. They stayed in the temple and worked day and night.
[33] And these are the singers, chief of the fathers of the Levites, who remaining in the chambers were free: for they were employed in that work day and night.


The Levite leaders lived in Jerusalem.
[34] These chief fathers of the Levites were chief throughout their generations; these dwelt at Jerusalem.
 



This is the family history of Saul, the first king of Israel.


Jehiel and his wife, Maachah, lived in the place named Gibeon.
[35] And in Gibeon dwelt the father of Gibeon, Jehiel, whose wife's name was Maachah:


These were Jehiel's sons.
[36] And his firstborn son Abdon, then Zur, and Kish, and Baal, and Ner, and Nadab,
[37] And Gedor, and Ahio, and Zechariah, and Mikloth.


Mikloth's son was Shimeam. They lived with their relatives in Jerusalem.
[38] And Mikloth begat Shimeam. And they also dwelt with their brethren at Jerusalem, over against their brethren.



Ner was the father of Kish, and Kish was the father of Saul. Saul's sons were Jonathan, Malchi-shua, Abinadab, and Esh-baal.
[39] And Ner begat Kish; and Kish begat Saul; and Saul begat Jonathan, and Malchi-shua, and Abinadab, and Esh-baal.


These were the descendants of Saul's son, Jonathan.
[40] And the son of Jonathan was Merib-baal: and Merib-baal begat Micah.
[41] And the sons of Micah were, Pithon, and Melech, and Tahrea, and Ahaz.
[42] And Ahaz begat Jarah; and Jarah begat Alemeth, and Azmaveth, and Zimri; and Zimri begat Moza;
[43] And Moza begat Binea; and Rephaiah his son, Eleasah his son, Azel his son.
[44] And Azel had six sons, whose names are these, Azrikam, Bocheru, and Ishmael, and Sheariah, and Obadiah, and Hanan: these were the sons of Azel.
 



1 Chronicles 10
 

"The Death of Saul"
Gustave Dor
From the web site:  
http://www.gutenberg.org/files/8710/8710-h/p4.htm

The death of Saul


The Philistines fought a war against Israel. The Israelite men ran away from the Philistines and were killed in the area of Mt. Gilboa.

[1] Now the Philistines fought against Israel; and the men of Israel fled from before the Philistines, and fell down slain in mount Gilboa.


The Philistines chased Saul and his sons.  They killed Saul's sons, then an archer shot Saul with an arrow.
[2] And the Philistines followed hard after Saul, and after his sons; and the Philistines slew Jonathan, and Abinadab, and Malchi-shua, the sons of Saul.
[3] And the battle went sore against Saul, and the archers hit him, and he was wounded of the archers.


Saul was not killed by the arrow. Then he asked his helper to kill him with a sword. Saul didn't want the Philistines to torture him. But his helper would not do that because he was afraid. So Saul got a sword and killed himself. When the helper saw that Saul was dead, he also killed himself with the sword.
[4] Then said Saul to his armourbearer, Draw thy sword, and thrust me through therewith; lest these uncircumcised come and abuse me. But his armourbearer would not; for he was sore afraid. So Saul took a sword, and fell upon it.
[5] And when his armourbearer saw that Saul was dead, he fell likewise on the sword, and died.

 

Saul, his 3 sons, and the male members of his family all died at the same time.
[6] So Saul died, and his three sons, and all his house died together.


The Israelite men who were in the valley saw what happened. They saw that their army ran away and that Saul and his sons were dead. They left their cities, and then the Philistines moved into their cities.
[7] And when all the men of Israel that were in the valley saw that they fled, and that Saul and his sons were dead, then they forsook their cities, and fled: and the Philistines came and dwelt in them.


The next day, the Philistines came to take the clothes of the dead Israelite soldiers. They found Saul and his sons dead at Mt. Gilboa.
[8] And it came to pass on the morrow, when the Philistines came to strip the slain, that they found Saul and his sons fallen in mount Gilboa.


They took Saul's clothes off. They cut off his head and took his armour (protective clothing). They sent messengers to the land of the Philistines. The messengers told the Philistines about Saul's death.
[9] And when they had stripped him, they took his head, and his armour, and sent into the land of the Philistines round about, to carry tidings unto their idols, and to the people.


They put Saul's armour in a place where they worshiped their false gods. They hung up his head in the place where they worshiped the false god named Dagon.
[10] And they put his armour in the house of their gods, and fastened his head in the temple of Dagon.


The Israelites who lived in Jabesh-gilead heard what happened to Saul.  Then the soldiers went and got Saul's body and his sons' bodies. They brought the bodies back to Jabesh. They buried them under an oak tree. Then they fasted for 7 days.

[11] And when all Jabesh-gilead heard all that the Philistines had done to Saul,
[12] They arose, all the valiant men, and took away the body of Saul, and the bodies of his sons, and brought them to Jabesh, and buried their bones under the oak in Jabesh, and fasted seven days.


Saul died because he sinned against God.  He did not obey God's word. (Back in the book of 1 Samuel chapter 28, Saul asked a witch for advice. He did not ask God what to do.) God killed Saul and made David the new king (his father's name was Jesse).
[13] So Saul died for his transgression which he committed against the LORD, even against the word of the LORD, which he kept not, and also for asking counsel of one that had a familiar spirit, to inquire of it;
[14] And inquired not of the LORD: therefore he slew him, and turned the kingdom unto David the son of Jesse.