Workers For Jesus Online Bible Study Table of Contents

About this Bible Study........The King James Version of the Bible is written in a beautiful form of the English language. It can be hard for modern English readers to understand.  In this study, you will find notes and summaries in brown just above the the verses from the Bible. We recommend that you read the notes and summaries first, and then read the verses in their KJV form. 



Timeline of the Bible


God creates the world. --- God destroys the world with the flood, but saves  Noah and his family.---
 God chooses Abraham and his descendants to His people. ---Abraham's grandson, Jacob, has 12 sons who lead the 12 tribes of Israel.--- The Israelites become slaves in Egypt.--- God helps the Israelites escape and leads them to Canaan. ---The Israelites fight in wars and take control of Canaan.---Judges lead the Israelites, but the Israelites want to have kings instead of judges. ----  David is Israel's greatest king. -- Israel divides into 2 parts: Israel and Judah.--- The people of Israel and Judah continue to sin and worship false gods.--- God allows the Assyrians and the Babylonians to take the Israelites out of Israel and Judah.---   The Israelites (Jews) live in Babylonia and then Persia. --- The books of I and II Chronicles start at the beginning of the world and ends at this time When Persia defeats the Babylonians, the Jews go back to Judah.--- The Jews build God's Temple in Jerusalem again.--- Greece defeats Persia, and the Greeks control Judah (also now called Israel).--- The Jews become independent for 100 years.-- The Romans take control of Israel.--- Jesus is born. At age 30, Jesus begins his ministry. ---Jesus is crucified and then is resurrected. --- A Roman named Saul is converted to Christianity and becomes Paul.--- Christianity spreads. --- Paul write letters to Christians in other places. In the year, 70 A.D., God's Temple in Jerusalem is destroyed again.

 

The Book of  1 Chronicles
 

There are two books of Chronicles: 1 Chronicles and 2 Chronicles. They contain records from the time of Adam to the time when the Jewish people returned from the Babylonian captivity.

The book of 1 Chronicles starts with Adam and tells the family history (genealogy) of Saul and David.  The second part of 1 Chronicles tells about the time when David was the king of Israel.

The book of 2 Chronicles tells about the time when David's son, Solomon, was the king of Israel.  The second part of 2 Chronicles tells about the other kings who ruled Israel until the Jews were taken away to Babylonia.  The book ends with the Jews returning to Israel.


 


1 Chronicles 23 - 25

Solomon becomes the new king of Israel.
The Levite groups are chosen to work in God's house.
 



1 Chronicles 23


The Levites to work in God's house
 

When David became old, he made his son, Solomon, the new king of Israel.
[1] So when David was old and full of days, he made Solomon his son king over Israel.


He brought together the princes of Israel and the priests and Levites.
[2] And he gathered together all the princes of Israel, with the priests and the Levites.


They counted the Levites who were 30 years old and up.  There were 38,000.  24,000 of them would work in the new house of the Lord. 6,000 would be officers and judges. 4,000 would be guards, and 4,000 would praise the Lord with music with instruments that David made.
[3] Now the Levites were numbered from the age of thirty years and upward: and their number by their polls, man by man, was thirty and eight thousand.
[4] Of which, twenty and four thousand were to set forward the work of the house of the LORD; and six thousand were officers and judges:
[5] Moreover four thousand were porters; and four thousand praised the LORD with the instruments which I made, said David, to praise therewith.


David divided them into 3 groups. The groups were the descendants of Levi's sons: Gershon, Kohath, and Merari.
[6] And David divided them into courses among the sons of Levi, namely, Gershon, Kohath, and Merari.


These were in the Gershonite groups. The descendants of Gershon's sons and grandsons were leaders of the men in the Gershon group. 

Gershon had 2 sons, Laadan and Shimei.
Laadan had 3 sons, Jehiel, Zetham, and Joel.
Shimei  had 3 sons, Shelomith, Haziel, and Haran. Then, Shimei had 4 more sons: Jahath, Zina (Zizah), Jeush, and Beriah. 
There was a group of Jahath's descendants and a group of Zina's descendants. 
Jeush and Beriah did not have many sons, so their descendants were combined into one group.


[7] Of the Gershonites were, Laadan, and Shimei.
[8] The sons of Laadan; the chief was Jehiel, and Zetham, and Joel, three.
[9] The sons of Shimei; Shelomith, and Haziel, and Haran, three. These were the chief of the fathers of Laadan.
[10] And the sons of Shimei were, Jahath, Zina, and Jeush, and Beriah. These four were the sons of Shimei.
[11] And Jahath was the chief, and Zizah the second: but Jeush and Beriah had not many sons; therefore they were in one reckoning, according to their father's house.



These were in the Kohathite groups. The descendants of Kohath's sons and grandsons were leaders of the men in the Kohathite group.

Kohath had 4 sons:  Amram, Ishar, Hebron, and Uzziel.

Amram had 2 sons: Aaron and Moses.  Aaron was set apart to take care of the most holy things. Aaron and his sons would burn incense for the Lord and minister to Him. They would bless in His name forever.
Moses was the man of God.  He had 2 sons:  Gershom and Eliezer. They were of the tribe of Levi.
Gershom's son, Shebuel,  was the leader.
Eliezer had 1 son:  Rehabiah. Rehabiah had many sons.
 

Ishar's son, Shelomith, was a leader.

Hebron had 4 sons:  Jeriah, Amariah, Jahaziel, and Jekameam.

Uzziel had 2 sons:  Michah and Jesiah.


[12] The sons of Kohath; Amram, Ishar, Hebron, and Uzziel, four.
[13] The sons of Amram; Aaron and Moses: and Aaron was separated, that he should sanctify the most holy things, he and his sons for ever, to burn incense before the LORD, to minister unto him, and to bless in his name for ever.
[14] Now concerning Moses the man of God, his sons were named of the tribe of Levi.
[15] The sons of Moses were, Gershom, and Eliezer.
[16] Of the sons of Gershom, Shebuel was the chief.
[17] And the sons of Eliezer were, Rehabiah the chief. And Eliezer had none other sons; but the sons of Rehabiah were very many.
[18] Of the sons of Izhar; Shelomith the chief.
[19] Of the sons of Hebron; Jeriah the first, Amariah the second, Jahaziel the third, and Jekameam the fourth.
[20] Of the sons of Uzziel; Michah the first, and Jesiah the second.


These were in the Merari group.  Merari had 2 sons:  Mahli and Mushi. 

Mahli had 2 sons:  Eleazar and Kish.
Eleazar did not have any sons.  After he died, Kish's sons married Eleazar's daughters.

Mushi's 3 sons were Mahli, Eder, and Jeremoth.

[21] The sons of Merari; Mahli, and Mushi. The sons of Mahli; Eleazar, and Kish.
[22] And Eleazar died, and had no sons, but daughters: and their brethren the sons of Kish took them.
[23] The sons of Mushi; Mahli, and Eder, and Jeremoth, three.


These were the descendants of Levi listed by their fathers and leaders of their groups.  All of the men over the age of 20 were counted and assigned work in the Lord's house.
[24] These were the sons of Levi after the house of their fathers; even the chief of the fathers, as they were counted by number of names by their polls, that did the work for the service of the house of the LORD, from the age of twenty years and upward.



David said that God had given the Israelites peace. They will live in Jerusalem forever. The Levites won't have to carry the tabernacle or the things in the tabernacle from place to place anymore.
[25] For David said, The LORD God of Israel hath given rest unto his people, that they may dwell in Jerusalem for ever:
[26] And also unto the Levites; they shall no more carry the tabernacle, nor any vessels of it for the service thereof.
 

They counted the Levites who were 20 and older.  They will help the priest take care of the Lord's house. They will work in all parts of the temple.  They will make the holy items pure. They will take care of the shewbread and the flour for the meat offerings. They will take care of the unleavened bread, baked and fried, of all sizes.
[27] For by the last words of David the Levites were numbered from twenty years old and above:
[28] Because their office was to wait on the sons of Aaron for the service of the house of the LORD, in the courts, and in the chambers, and in the purifying of all holy things, and the work of the service of the house of God;
[29] Both for the shewbread, and for the fine flour for meat offering, and for the unleavened cakes, and for that which is baked in the pan, and for that which is fried, and for all manner of measure and size;


They will stand every morning to thank God and praise Him. They will do the same thing at evening.
[30] And to stand every morning to thank and praise the LORD, and likewise at even;


They will offer the burnt offerings to God on the Sabbath, in the new moons, and on the feast days.  They should always be on duty.
[31] And to offer all burnt sacrifices unto the LORD in the sabbaths, in the new moons, and on the set feasts, by number, according to the order commanded unto them, continually before the LORD:


They have been taking care of the tabernacle tent and the holy place. Then, they will take care of God's house.
[32] And that they should keep the charge of the tabernacle of the congregation, and the charge of the holy place, and the charge of the sons of Aaron their brethren, in the service of the house of the LORD.
 



1 Chronicles 24


These are the groups of the descendants of Aaron.
 

Aaron had 4 sons:  Nadab, Abihu, Eleazar, and Ithamar.  Nadab and Abihu died before their father died. They did not have any children.  Aaron's other 2 sons, Eleazar and Ithamar, were the priests.

[1] Now these are the divisions of the sons of Aaron. The sons of Aaron; Nadab, and Abihu, Eleazar, and Ithamar.
[2] But Nadab and Abihu died before their father, and had no children: therefore Elezar and Ithamar executed the priest's office.


David assigned the work for the groups of priests.  2 priests helped him -- one was Zadok who was from the family of Eleazar. The other was Ahimelech who was from the group  of the sons of Ithamar.
[3] And David distributed them, both Zadok of the sons of Eleazar, and Ahimelech of the sons of Ithamar, according to their offices in their service.


There were more descendants of Eleazar than there were descendants of Ithamar.  There were 16 leaders of the Eleazar group, and 8 leaders of the Ithamar group.
[4] And there were more chief men found of the sons of Eleazar than of the sons of Ithamar; and thus were they divided. Among the sons of Eleazar there were sixteen chief men of the house of their fathers, and eight among the sons of Ithamar according to the house of their fathers.


They divided the work of the Lord's house by lot.  Nethaneel's son, Shemaiah, was a scribe.  He was a Levite, and he wrote down the names for David, his princes, Zadok the priest, Ahimelech (his father was Abiathar), and the leaders of the priest and Levite families.
[5] Thus were they divided by lot, one sort with another; for the governors of the sanctuary, and governors of the house of God, were of the sons of Eleazar, and of the sons of Ithamar.
[6] And Shemaiah the son of Nethaneel the scribe, one of the Levites, wrote them before the king, and the princes, and Zadok the priest, and Ahimelech the son of Abiathar, and before the chief of the fathers of the priests and Levites: one principal household being taken for Eleazar, and one taken for Ithamar.


This is the order that the lots were drawn:

Jehoiarib, Jedaiah, Harim, Seorim, Malchijah, Mijamin, Hakkoz, Abijah, Jeshua, Shecaniah, Eliashib, Jakim, Huppah, Jeshebeab, Bilgah, Immer, Hezir, Aphses, Pethahiah, Jehezekel, Jachin, Gamul, Delaiah, Maaziah.


[7] Now the first lot came forth to Jehoiarib, the second to Jedaiah,
[8] The third to Harim, the fourth to Seorim,
[9] The fifth to Malchijah, the sixth to Mijamin,
[10] The seventh to Hakkoz, the eighth to Abijah,
[11] The ninth to Jeshua, the tenth to Shecaniah,
[12] The eleventh to Eliashib, the twelfth to Jakim,
[13] The thirteenth to Huppah, the fourteenth to Jeshebeab,
[14] The fifteenth to Bilgah, the sixteenth to Immer,
[15] The seventeenth to Hezir, the eighteenth to Aphses,
[16] The nineteenth to Pethahiah, the twentieth to Jehezekel,
[17] The one and twentieth to Jachin, the two and twentieth to Gamul,
[18] The three and twentieth to Delaiah, the four and twentieth to Maaziah.


These were the ones to work in the house of the Lord.  They would do the work that God told Aaron, their ancestor, to do.
[19] These were the orderings of them in their service to come into the house of the LORD, according to their manner, under Aaron their father, as the LORD God of Israel had commanded him.


The other descendants of Levi.

Amram's sons and descendants.
His son was Shubael. His son was Jehdeiah.

[20] And the rest of the sons of Levi were these: Of the sons of Amram; Shubael: of the sons of Shubael; Jehdeiah.


Rehabiah sons and descendants.
Rehabiah's son was Isshiah. Isshiah's sons were Jeriah, Amariah, Jahaziel, and Jekameam.

[21] Concerning Rehabiah: of the sons of Rehabiah, the first was Isshiah.
[22] Of the Izharites; Shelomoth: of the sons of Shelomoth; Jahath.
[23] And the sons of Hebron; Jeriah the first, Amariah the second, Jahaziel the third, Jekameam the fourth.


Uzziel's sons and descendants.
Uzziel's son was Michah.  Michah's sons were Shamir and Isshiah. Isshiah's son was Zechariah.

[24] Of the sons of Uzziel; Michah: of the sons of Michah; Shamir.
[25] The brother of Michah was Isshiah: of the sons of Isshiah; Zechariah.


Merari's sons and descendants
Merari's sons were Mahli, Mushi, and Jaaziah.  Jaaziah's sons were Beno, Shoham, Zaccur, and Ibri.


Mahli's son, Eleazar, did not have any sons.
Kish was the father of Jerahmeel.

Mushi's sons were Mahli, Eder, and Jerimoth.    These were the groups of the Levites according to their ancestors.

[26] The sons of Merari were Mahli and Mushi: the sons of Jaaziah; Beno.
[27] The sons of Merari by Jaaziah; Beno, and Shoham, and Zaccur, and Ibri.
[28] Of Mahli came Eleazar, who had no sons.
[29] Concerning Kish: the son of Kish was Jerahmeel.
[30] The sons also of Mushi; Mahli, and Eder, and Jerimoth. These were the sons of the Levites after the house of their fathers.


They cast lots again to see where Aaron's descendants would work.  They did this while David, Zadok, Ahimelech, and the leaders of the Levite and priest groups were there.
[31] These likewise cast lots over against their brethren the sons of Aaron in the presence of David the king, and Zadok, and Ahimelech, and the chief of the fathers of the priests and Levites, even the principal fathers over against their younger brethren.
 



1 Chronicles 25
 

David and the leaders of the army made other assignments.

David and the leaders of the army picked the workers to play music. They would play harps, psalteries, and cymbals.

They assigned these jobs to the descendants of Asaph, Heman, and Jeduthun.

[1] Moreover David and the captains of the host separated to the service of the sons of Asaph, and of Heman, and of Jeduthun, who should prophesy with harps, with psalteries, and with cymbals: and the number of the workmen according to their service was:


These are the sons of Asaph: Zaccur, Joseph, Nethaniah, and Asarelah. They worked under Asaph.  They played when the king ordered it. 
[2] Of the sons of Asaph; Zaccur, and Joseph, and Nethaniah, and Asarelah, the sons of Asaph under the hands of Asaph, which prophesied according to the order of the king.
 

These are the 6 sons of Jeduthun:  Gedaliah, Zeri, Jeshaiah, Hashabiah, and Mattithiah.  They worked under their father, Jeduthun. They played the harp to thank God and praise Him.
[3] Of Jeduthun: the sons of Jeduthun; Gedaliah, and Zeri, and Jeshaiah, Hashabiah, and Mattithiah, six, under the hands of their father Jeduthun, who prophesied with a harp, to give thanks and to praise the LORD.


These are the sons of Heman: Bukkiah, Mattaniah, Uzziel, Shebuel, Jerimoth, Hananiah, Hanani, Eliathah, Giddalti, Romamti-ezer, Joshbekashah, Mallothi, Hothir, and Mahazioth.
God gave Heman 14 sons and 3 daughters. Heman was a prophet who told David what God said.  Heman's sons took instructions from their father and will make music in God's house. They will play cymbals, psalteries, and harps in God's house when the king orders it.

[4] Of Heman: the sons of Heman; Bukkiah, Mattaniah, Uzziel, Shebuel, and Jerimoth, Hananiah, Hanani, Eliathah, Giddalti, and Romamti-ezer, Joshbekashah, Mallothi, Hothir, and Mahazioth:
[5] All these were the sons of Heman the king's seer in the words of God, to lift up the horn. And God gave to Heman fourteen sons and three daughters.
[6] All these were under the hands of their father for song in the house of the LORD, with cymbals, psalteries, and harps, for the service of the house of God, according to the king's order to Asaph, Jeduthun, and Heman.



In total, there were 288 musicians to play at God's house.

[7] So the number of them, with their brethren that were instructed in the songs of the LORD, even all that were cunning, was two hundred fourscore and eight.


They were assigned their jobs by lot-- no matter if there were big or small, a teacher or a student.
[8] And they cast lots, ward against ward, as well the small as the great, the teacher as the scholar.


There were 12 men in each group. This was the order that the groups were chosen:

1. Joseph
2.  Gedaliah
3. Zaccur
4.  Izri
5.  Nethaniah
6.  Bukkiah
7. Jesherlah
8.  Jeshaiah
9.  Mattaniah
10. Shimei
11.  Azreel
12.  Hashabiah
13.  Shubael
14. Mattithiah
15.  Jeremoth
16. Hananiah
17. Joshbekashah
18. Hanani
19. Mallothi
20.  Eliathah
21.  Hothir
22. Giddalti
23.  Mahazioth
24.  Romamti-ezer


[9] Now the first lot came forth for Asaph to Joseph: the second to Gedaliah, who with his brethren and sons were twelve:
[10] The third to Zaccur, he, his sons, and his brethren, were twelve:
[11] The fourth to Izri, he, his sons, and his brethren, were twelve:
[12] The fifth to Nethaniah, he, his sons, and his brethren, were twelve:
[13] The sixth to Bukkiah, he, his sons, and his brethren, were twelve:
[14] The seventh to Jesharelah, he, his sons, and his brethren, were twelve:
[15] The eighth to Jeshaiah, he, his sons, and his brethren, were twelve:
[16] The ninth to Mattaniah, he, his sons, and his brethren, were twelve:
[17] The tenth to Shimei, he, his sons, and his brethren, were twelve:
[18] The eleventh to Azareel, he, his sons, and his brethren, were twelve:
[19] The twelfth to Hashabiah, he, his sons, and his brethren, were twelve:
[20] The thirteenth to Shubael, he, his sons, and his brethren, were twelve:
[21] The fourteenth to Mattithiah, he, his sons, and his brethren, were twelve:
[22] The fifteenth to Jeremoth, he, his sons, and his brethren, were twelve:
[23] The sixteenth to Hananiah, he, his sons, and his brethren, were twelve:
[24] The seventeenth to Joshbekashah, he, his sons, and his brethren, were twelve:
[25] The eighteenth to Hanani, he, his sons, and his brethren, were twelve:
[26] The nineteenth to Mallothi, he, his sons, and his brethren, were twelve:
[27] The twentieth to Eliathah, he, his sons, and his brethren, were twelve:
[28] The one and twentieth to Hothir, he, his sons, and his brethren, were twelve:
[29] The two and twentieth to Giddalti, he, his sons, and his brethren, were twelve:
[30] The three and twentieth to Mahazioth, he, his sons, and his brethren, were twelve:
[31] The four and twentieth to Romamti-ezer, he, his sons, and his brethren, were twelve.