Workers For Jesus Online Bible Study Table of Contents

About this Bible Study........The King James Version of the Bible is written in a beautiful form of the English language. It can be hard for modern English readers to understand.  In this study, you will find notes and summaries in brown just above the the verses from the Bible. We recommend that you read the notes and summaries first, and then read the verses in their KJV form. 

Timeline of the Bible

God creates the world. --- God destroys the world with the flood, but saves  Noah and his family.---
 God chooses Abraham and his descendants to His people. ---Abraham's grandson, Jacob, has 12 sons who lead the 12 tribes of Israel.--- The Israelites become slaves in Egypt.--- God helps the Israelites escape and leads them to Canaan. ---The Israelites fight in wars and take control of Canaan.---Judges lead the Israelites, but the Israelites want to have kings instead of judges. ----  David is Israel's greatest king. -- Israel divides into 2 parts: Israel and Judah.--- The people of Israel and Judah continue to sin and worship false gods.--- God allows the Assyrians and the Babylonians to take the Israelites out of Israel and Judah.---   The Israelites (Jews) live in Babylonia and then Persia. --- The books of I and II Chronicles start at the beginning of the world and ends at this time When Persia defeats the Babylonians, the Jews go back to Judah.--- The Jews build God's Temple in Jerusalem again.--- Greece defeats Persia, and the Greeks control Judah (also now called Israel).--- The Jews become independent for 100 years.-- The Romans take control of Israel.--- Jesus is born. At age 30, Jesus begins his ministry. ---Jesus is crucified and then is resurrected. --- A Roman named Saul is converted to Christianity and becomes Paul.--- Christianity spreads. --- Paul write letters to Christians in other places. In the year, 70 A.D., God's Temple in Jerusalem is destroyed again.


The Book of  1 Chronicles

There are two books of Chronicles: 1 Chronicles and 2 Chronicles. They contain records from the time of Adam to the time when the Jewish people returned from the Babylonian captivity.

The book of 1 Chronicles starts with Adam and tells the family history (genealogy) of Saul and David.  The second part of 1 Chronicles tells about the time when David was the king of Israel.

The book of 2 Chronicles tells about the time when David's son, Solomon, was the king of Israel.  The second part of 2 Chronicles tells about the other kings who ruled Israel until the Jews were taken away to Babylonia.  The book ends with the Jews returning to Israel.


1 Chronicles 19 - 22

The Ammonites capture some of David's men.
War with the Ammonites and the Philistines.
David sins and counts the people in Israel.
God punishes David for counting the people in Israel.
David builds an altar on a threshing floor.
David decides that the threshing floor will be the place for God's house.


1 Chronicles 19

The Ammonites capture some of David's men.

Sometime later, the king of Ammon died. His name was Nahash. His son became the new king.
[1] Now it came to pass after this, that Nahash the king of the children of Ammon died, and his son reigned in his stead.

David said that he would be kind to the new king, Hanun, because Hanun's father had been kind to David.  David sent some messengers to Hanun to show his sympathy.  The servants arrived in Ammon to show David's sympathy.
[2] And David said, I will shew kindness unto Hanun the son of Nahash, because his father shewed kindness to me. And David sent messengers to comfort him concerning his father. So the servants of David came into the land of the children of Ammon to Hanun, to comfort him.

Some of the princes in Ammon talked to Hanun.  They made Hanun suspicious of David's messengers. They said Hanun only thinks they came to show David's sympathy. But the princes think that the messengers are spies. They think that David really wants to take over Ammon.
[3] But the princes of the children of Ammon said to Hanun, Thinkest thou that David doth honour thy father, that he hath sent comforters unto thee? are not his servants come unto thee for to search, and to overthrow, and to spy out the land?

Hanun believed his princes.  He took David's servants and had them shaved.  They cut off their clothes below the waist. Then they sent them away.

[4] Wherefore Hanun took David's servants, and shaved them, and cut off their garments in the midst hard by their buttocks, and sent them away.

Someone went and told David what happened to his messengers. David sent men to meet the messengers. They were embarrassed because of their hair and clothes. David told them to stay at Jericho until their beards grew out. Then they could come back.
[5] Then there went certain, and told David how the men were served. And he sent to meet them: for the men were greatly ashamed. And the king said, Tarry at Jericho until your beards be grown, and then return.

The Ammonites saw that they had done something bad to David. They wanted to hire soldiers to come and protect themselves if David attacked them. So Hanun and the Ammonites sent 1,000 heavy pieces of silver to Mesopotamia. They paid to hire chariots and horse soldiers from Mesopotamia, Syria-maachah, and Zobah.  
[6] And when the children of Ammon saw that they had made themselves odious to David, Hanun and the children of Ammon sent a thousand talents of silver to hire them chariots and horsemen out of Mesopotamia, and out of Syria-maachah, and out of Zobah.

They hired 32,000 chariots. The king of Maachah and his army came and set up near Medeba. The Ammonites also came together from their cities and were ready to fight a battle.
[7] So they hired thirty and two thousand chariots, and the king of Maachah and his people; who came and pitched before Medeba. And the children of Ammon gathered themselves together from their cities, and came to battle.

When David heard about this, he sent Joab and his army leaders (mighty men).  The Ammonites came out and started fighting in front of the city gate.  The other kings were in the field.
[8] And when David heard of it, he sent Joab, and all the host of the mighty men.
[9] And the children of Ammon came out, and put the battle in array before the gate of the city: and the kings that were come were by themselves in the field.

Joab saw that there were armies in front of and in back of him.  He picked out the best soldiers of Israel. He sent them to fight the Syrians.
[10] Now when Joab saw that the battle was set against him before and behind, he chose out of all the choice of Israel, and put them in array against the Syrians.

Joab assigned his brother, Abishai, and the rest of the army to fight the Ammonites.

[11] And the rest of the people he delivered unto the hand of Abishai his brother, and they set themselves in array against the children of Ammon.

Joab told Abishai that if the Syrians were too strong for him and his part of the army, Abishai and his troops should come and help them.  And if the Ammonties were too strong for Abishai and his troops, Joab and his troops will go help them.
[12] And he said, If the Syrians be too strong for me, then thou shalt help me: but if the children of Ammon be too strong for thee, then I will help thee.

Joab told them to be brave and fight valiantly for Israel and for the cities of God.  He prayed for God to do what He thinks is good.  
[13] Be of good courage, and let us behave ourselves valiantly for our people, and for the cities of our God: and let the LORD do that which is good in his sight.

Joab and his troops went out to fight the Syrians.  The Syrians ran away.
[14] So Joab and the people that were with him drew nigh before the Syrians unto the battle; and they fled before him.

When the Ammonites saw that the Syrians ran away, they also ran away to their city.  Then, Joab went to Jerusalem.
[15] And when the children of Ammon saw that the Syrians were fled, they likewise fled before Abishai his brother, and entered into the city. Then Joab came to Jerusalem.

When the Syrians saw that they were defeated, they sent for other Syrian troops. The other Syrian troops were on the other side of the river.  Their leader was Shophach.  He was the leader of Hadarezer's army. 
[16] And when the Syrians saw that they were put to the worse before Israel, they sent messengers, and drew forth the Syrians that were beyond the river: and Shophach the captain of the host of Hadarezer went before them.

David heard about this. He gathered his army from all of Israel.  They crossed over the Jordan River and met the Syrian army. They began to fight.
[17] And it was told David; and he gathered all Israel, and passed over Jordan, and came upon them, and set the battle in array against them. So when David had put the battle in array against the Syrians, they fought with him.

But the Syrian army ran away from the Israelite army.  David and his army killed 7,000 chariot soldiers from Syria.  They also killed 40,000 foot soldiers and the leader, Shophach.
[18] But the Syrians fled before Israel; and David slew of the Syrians seven thousand men which fought in chariots, and forty thousand footmen, and killed Shophach the captain of the host.

When Hadarezer's leaders saw that they were no match for the Israelite army, they made peace with David.  They became his servants and would never help the Ammonites again.
[19] And when the servants of Hadarezer saw that they were put to the worse before Israel, they made peace with David, and became his servants: neither would the Syrians help the children of Ammon any more.

1 Chronicles 20

War with the Ammonites.

After the year was over,  it was the time of year that kings usually fought wars.  Joab led the army and attacked places in Ammon.  One place he attacked was named Rabbah.   David stayed in Jerusalem, but went later. Joab attacked Rabbah and destroyed it.
[1] And it came to pass, that after the year was expired, at the time that kings go out to battle, Joab led forth the power of the army, and wasted the country of the children of Ammon, and came and besieged Rabbah. But David tarried at Jerusalem. And Joab smote Rabbah, and destroyed it.

David took the crown off the king's head. He weighed the crown. It weighed a talent of gold (75 pounds).  There were also valuable jewels in the crown.  The crown was then set on David's head. David also brought many valuable things out of Rabbah.
[2] And David took the crown of their king from off his head, and found it to weigh a talent of gold, and there were precious stones in it; and it was set upon David's head: and he brought also exceeding much spoil out of the city.

David brought all of the people of Rabbah out of the city.  He made them do hard work with saws, iron tools, and axes.  David did the same thing in all of the Ammonite cities. Then David and all of the Israelites went back to Jerusalem.

[3] And he brought out the people that were in it, and cut them with saws, and with harrows of iron, and with axes. Even so dealt David with all the cities of the children of Ammon. And David and all the people returned to Jerusalem.


War with the Philistines.

After this, there was a war with the Philistines at the place named Gezer.  At that time, the Hushathite named Sibbechai killed one of the giants' descendants named Sippai. Then, the Philistines were defeated.
[4] And it came to pass after this, that there arose war at Gezer with the Philistines; at which time Sibbechai the Hushathite slew Sippai, that was of the children of the giant: and they were subdued.

Later, there was a war with the Philistines again.  The son of Jair named Elhanan killed Lahmi.  Lahmi was the brother of Goliath the Gittite.  His spear was big like a weaver's beam.
[5] And there was war again with the Philistines; and Elhanan the son of Jair slew Lahmi the brother of Goliath the Gittite, whose spear staff was like a weaver's beam.

There was another war at the place named Gath.  There was a very big man.  He had 6 fingers on each hand and 6 toes on each foot. He was the son of the giant.
[6] And yet again there was war at Gath, where was a man of great stature, whose fingers and toes were four and twenty, six on each hand, and six on each foot: and he also was the son of the giant.

The big man went against Israel.  Then David's nephew, Jonathan, killed him.
[7] But when he defied Israel, Jonathan the son of Shimea David's brother slew him.

These men were born to the giant in Gath. Then, they were killed by David and his servants.
[8] These were born unto the giant in Gath; and they fell by the hand of David, and by the hand of his servants.

1 Chronicles 21

David sins and counts the people in Israel.

Satan attacked Israel and got David to count the people in Israel.

[1] And Satan stood up against Israel, and provoked David to number Israel.

David gave an order to Joab and the other leaders.  He told them to count everyone in Israel from Beer-sheba to Dan.  Then, they should tell David how many people were there.
[2] And David said to Joab and to the rulers of the people, Go, number Israel from Beer-sheba even to Dan; and bring the number of them to me, that I may know it.

Joab replied. He said it didn't matter if God multiplied all of Israel. They were all still ruled by David. Joab didn't think David should count Israel. He said it would cause problems.
[3] And Joab answered, The LORD make his people an hundred times so many more as they be: but, my lord the king, are they not all my lord's servants? why then doth my lord require this thing? why will he be a cause of trespass to Israel?

But David's order was followed even though Joab didn't agree.  Joab left and went through all Israel. Then, he came back to Jerusalem.
[4] Nevertheless the king's word prevailed against Joab. Wherefore Joab departed, and went throughout all Israel, and came to Jerusalem.

Joab told David how many people were in Israel.  There were 1million people.  100,000 men were soldiers.   The area of the tribe of Judah had 460,000 people, and 10,000 soldiers.
[5] And Joab gave the sum of the number of the people unto David. And all they of Israel were a thousand thousand and an hundred thousand men that drew sword: and Judah was four hundred threescore and ten thousand men that drew sword.

Joab hated David's order, so he did not count the tribes of Levi and Benjamin.
[6] But Levi and Benjamin counted he not among them: for the king's word was abominable to Joab.

God punishes David for counting the people in Israel.

God was angry with David for ordering the count of the people in Israel. So, he punished Israel.

[7] And God was displeased with this thing; therefore he smote Israel.

David talked to God.  He confessed and said he sinned greatly by ordering the count. He begged God to forgive him because he did something very foolish.
[8] And David said unto God, I have sinned greatly, because I have done this thing: but now, I beseech thee, do away the iniquity of thy servant; for I have done very foolishly.

The Lord told Gad (David's prophet) what to tell David.  God said David could pick the punishment. God will give him 3 options, and David must pick one.

[9] And the LORD spake unto Gad, David's seer, saying,
[10] Go and tell David, saying, Thus saith the LORD, I offer thee three things: choose thee one of them, that I may do it unto thee.

Gad came and talked to David. He told him that God wants him to choose one of these punishments:

3 years famine (little food)
3 months of being defeated by his enemies
3 days of God sending a disease to Israel and the angel of the Lord will destroy the areas in the coasts of Israel

He told David to decide what Gad should tell God.

[11] So Gad came to David, and said unto him, Thus saith the LORD, Choose thee
[12] Either three years' famine; or three months to be destroyed before thy foes, while that the sword of thine enemies overtaketh thee; or else three days the sword of the LORD, even the pestilence, in the land, and the angel of the LORD destroying throughout all the coasts of Israel. Now therefore advise thyself what word I shall bring again to him that sent me.

David told Gad that he was in a very difficult situation.  He wanted God to punish him, but he didn't want other men to punish him.  He said God would be merciful. So God sent a disease to Israel. 70,000 men died.
[13] And David said unto Gad, I am in a great strait: let me fall now into the hand of the LORD; for very great are his mercies: but let me not fall into the hand of man.
[14] So the LORD sent pestilence upon Israel: and there fell of Israel seventy thousand men.


A threshing floor is a place where wheat is crushed to separate the wheat (the good part) from the chaff (the shell or useless part)

Picture from

God sent an angel to destroy Jerusalem.  While he was destroying it, God decided it was enough punishment. He told the angel to stop. The angel stood by the threshing floor owned by Ornan the Jebusite.  David saw the angel standing between heaven and earth.  He was holding a sword in his hand, and it was stretched out over Jerusalem.  David and the leaders of Israel fell on their faces. They were wearing rough sackcloth to show they were sorry.
[15] And God sent an angel unto Jerusalem to destroy it: and as he was destroying, the LORD beheld, and he repented him of the evil, and said to the angel that destroyed, It is enough, stay now thine hand. And the angel of the LORD stood by the threshingfloor of Ornan the Jebusite.
[16] And David lifted up his eyes, and saw the angel of the LORD stand between the earth and the heaven, having a drawn sword in his hand stretched out over Jerusalem. Then David and the elders of Israel, who were clothed in sackcloth, fell upon their faces.

David said to God that it was his decision to count the people in Israel.  He is the one who sinned. The other people hadn't sinned.  He asked God to punish only him and his family and not the other people in Israel.
[17] And David said unto God, Is it not I that commanded the people to be numbered? even I it is that have sinned and done evil indeed; but as for these sheep, what have they done? let thine hand, I pray thee, O LORD my God, be on me, and on my father's house; but not on thy people, that they should be plagued.

David builds an altar on a threshing floor.

The angel of the Lord told Gad to tell David to make a sacrifice.  David should go and make an altar to the Lord in the threshing floor owned by Ornan the Jebusite.
[18] Then the angel of the LORD commanded Gad to say to David, that David should go up, and set up an altar unto the LORD in the threshingfloor of Ornan the Jebusite.

David obeyed God and did what Gad said David should do.
[19] And David went up at the saying of Gad, which he spake in the name of the LORD.

Ornan and his 4 sons were working threshing wheat.  When Ornan saw the angel, his 4 sons hid. Then, Ornan saw David coming. He went out of the threshing floor and bowed down to David with his face on the ground.
[20] And Ornan turned back, and saw the angel; and his four sons with him hid themselves. Now Ornan was threshing wheat.
[21] And as David came to Ornan, Ornan looked and saw David, and went out of the threshingfloor, and bowed himself to David with his face to the ground.


The Angel of the Lord Over Jerusalem

Artist:  Matthaeus Merian
Date:  1630


David wanted to buy the threshing floor from Ornan. He asked Ornan if he could buy it at the full price so he could build an altar to God there. Then, the disease will stop spreading.
[22] Then David said to Ornan, Grant me the place of this threshingfloor, that I may build an altar therein unto the LORD: thou shalt grant it me for the full price: that the plague may be stayed from the people.

Ornan said that David could have the threshing floor for free. He could do what he wanted with it.  He would also give him the oxen for burnt offerings and the threshing tools for wood. He could have the wheat for the meat offering. He would give it all to David.
[23] And Ornan said unto David, Take it to thee, and let my lord the king do that which is good in his eyes: lo,I give thee the oxen also for burnt offerings, and the threshing instruments for wood, and the wheat for the meat offering; I give it all.

But David told Ornan no.  He said he would buy it for the full price. It wouldn't be right for David to get something free and then make an offering with it.
[24] And king David said to Ornan, Nay; but I will verily buy it for the full price: for I will not take that which is thine for the LORD, nor offer burnt offerings without cost.

David paid Ornan 600 shekels of gold for the threshing floor.
[25] So David gave to Ornan for the place six hundred shekels of gold by weight.

David build an altar to the Lord God there.  He made burnt offerings and peace offerings.  He prayed to God. God answered him from heaven by the fire on the altar of the burnt offering. God commanded the angel to put his sword away in its sheath (sword holder).
[26] And David built there an altar unto the LORD, and offered burnt offerings and peace offerings, and called upon the LORD; and he answered him from heaven by fire upon the altar of burnt offering.
[27] And the LORD commanded the angel; and he put up his sword again into the sheath thereof.

When David saw that God had answered him, he made more offerings there on the altar.
[28] At that time when David saw that the LORD had answered him in the threshingfloor of Ornan the Jebusite, then he sacrificed there.

Back when Moses and the Israelites were in the wilderness, the Lord told Moses to make a tabernacle and altar. That tabernacle was now in the holy place at Gibeon (about 8 miles away).  David did not want to go there because he was afraid of the Lord's angel with the sword.
[29] For the tabernacle of the LORD, which Moses made in the wilderness, and the altar of the burnt offering, were at that season in the high place at Gibeon.
[30] But David could not go before it to inquire of God: for he was afraid because of the sword of the angel of the LORD.

1 Chronicles 22

David decides that the threshing floor will be the place for God's house.

David said that the threshing floor would be the place for God's house.  It will be the place for Israel to offer burnt offerings.
[1] Then David said, This is the house of the LORD God, and this is the altar of the burnt offering for Israel.

David ordered the foreigners in Israel to come there to Jerusalem. He ordered the stone masons to cut stones to use for God's house.

[2] And David commanded to gather together the strangers that were in the land of Israel; and he set masons to hew wrought stones to build the house of God.

David prepared a lot of iron. The iron was for the nails and hinges in the doors.  There was so much brass that they couldn't weigh it.
[3] And David prepared iron in abundance for the nails for the doors of the gates, and for the joinings; and brass in abundance without weight;

There were a lot of cedar trees.  The Zidonian people and people from Tyre brought much cedar wood to David.
[4] Also cedar trees in abundance: for the Zidonians and they of Tyre brought much cedar wood to David.

David said that his son, Solomon, is young and doesn't know a lot yet.  The house for the Lord must be very magnificent. It will be famous and glorious.  People in all countries will know about it.  So, he will start now to get ready for it to be built.  David worked to get things ready before he died.
[5] And David said, Solomon my son is young and tender, and the house that is to be builded for the LORD must be exceeding magnifical, of fame and of glory throughout all countries: I will therefore now make preparation for it. So David prepared abundantly before his death.

David called his son, Solomon, to come and talk to him.  He told Solomon that he should build a house for God.
[6] Then he called for Solomon his son, and charged him to build an house for the LORD God of Israel.

David told Solomon that he wanted to build a house for God.  But God told him no.  God said that David had killed many people and had been in many wars. God said that David could not build Him a house because he had shed so much blood on earth.
[7] And David said to Solomon, My son, as for me, it was in my mind to build an house unto the name of the LORD my God:
[8] But the word of the LORD came to me, saying, Thou hast shed blood abundantly, and hast made great wars: thou shalt not build an house unto my name, because thou hast shed much blood upon the earth in my sight.

God told David he would have a son.  His son would be a man of peace. He would have peace from all of his enemies.  His name will be Solomon. Israel will be quiet and peaceful while he is king.
[9] Behold, a son shall be born to thee, who shall be a man of rest; and I will give him rest from all his enemies round about: for his name shall be Solomon, and I will give peace and quietness unto Israel in his days.

God told David that Solomon would build a house for His name.  He will be God's son, and God will be his father. One of his descendants will be king over Israel forever.
[10] He shall build an house for my name; and he shall be my son, and I will be his father; and I will establish throne of his kingdom over Israel for ever.

David said to Solomon that God will be with him and will help him succeed.  He will build the house of the Lord God the way God said.
[11] Now, my son, the LORD be with thee; and prosper thou, and build the house of the LORD thy God, as he hath said of thee.

David said that God would give Solomon wisdom and understanding. He will tell him how to lead Israel so he can obey the laws of God.
[12] Only the LORD give thee wisdom and understanding, and give thee charge concerning Israel, that thou mayest keep the law of the LORD thy God.

Then, Solomon will prosper and be successful if he is obedient to God's laws.  God gave the laws to Moses about Israel.  Solomon should be strong and brave. He should not worry or be discouraged.

[13] Then shalt thou prosper, if thou takest heed to fulfil the statutes and judgments which the LORD charged Moses with concerning Israel: be strong, and of good courage; dread not, nor be dismayed.

David told him that while he was going through a hard time, he planned for God's house.  He collected  100,000 talents of gold, 1,000,000 talents of silver, brass,  more iron than he could weigh, wood, and stone.  Solomon may add to this when he starts to build God's house.
[14] Now, behold, in my trouble I have prepared for the house of the LORD an hundred thousand talents of gold, and a thousand thousand talents of silver; and of brass and iron without weight; for it is in abundance: timber also and stone have I prepared; and thou mayest add thereto.

There are also workmen to help build it.  There are stone masons, stone cutters, woodworking men, and all kinds of workmen to do every kind of work.
[15] Moreover there are workmen with thee in abundance, hewers and workers of stone and timber, and all manner of cunning men for every manner of work.

There are many, many people to work with the gold, silver, brass, and iron. May the Lord be with you while you are building His house.
[16] Of the gold, the silver, and the brass, and the iron, there is no number. Arise therefore, and be doing, and the LORD be with thee.

David commanded all of the leaders of Israel to help Solomon.

[17] David also commanded all the princes of Israel to help Solomon his son, saying,

He reminded them that the Lord God has been with them.  He has defeated their enemies on every side.  He has defeated the people who lived in Israel and gave the land to them. 
[18] Is not the LORD your God with you? and hath he not given you rest on every side? for he hath given the inhabitants of the land into mine hand; and the land is subdued before the LORD, and before his people.

Now, they should focus their hearts and souls on God. They should build the house of God. Then, they should bring the Ark of the Covenant and the holy items to God's house.
[19] Now set your heart and your soul to seek the LORD your God; arise therefore, and build ye the sanctuary of the LORD God, to bring the ark of the covenant of the LORD, and the holy vessels of God, into the house that is to be built to the name of the LORD.